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为什么牛油果这么赞?

Why Are Avocados So Awesome?

Who doesn’t love avocados?
谁不喜欢牛油果呢
Unlike any other fruit – yes, avocados are fruits
和其他水果不同-是的 牛油果确实是水果
these things have an incredibly distinct, creamy texture
它有极独特的 奶油般的质地
and brilliant flavor that make for ridiculously perfect dip.
和绝妙的味道 这使它成为完美的蘸酱
On top of that, avocados are a noted superfood with a number of fantastic health benefits.
最重要的是 牛油果是公认的有益健康的超级食物
Well folks, today we’ve mashed up something good for you: some ripe avocado chemistry
伙计们 今天我们整理了成熟牛油果的营养成分
and some tips from the pros for the casual avocado connoisseur.
和专家给牛油果业余品鉴家的一些建议
Inside this little fruit is a wealth of health benefits.
小小的果实中蕴含许多益处
It’s high in fiber, has double the potassium content
它的纤维含量高 钾含量是香蕉的两倍
of one of these, it’s loaded with vitamin B12 and vitamin E,
富含维生素B12和维生素E
and has high concentrations of monounsaturated fatty acids.
有高浓度的 单不饱和脂肪酸
It contain valuable, cancer battling antioxidants,
有宝贵的抗癌抗氧化剂
and has fats inside of it that help us
且其内部脂肪能帮助我们
absorb more nutrients from other foods.
从其他的食物中吸收更多营养
I mean the works.
这就是它的功效
On top of the benefits inside, the thick skin on
除了上述益处 其外部的厚壳
the outside protects the healthy flesh inside
会保护里面健康的果肉
from any residual pesticides making avocados
抵御残留的杀虫剂
are one of the safest fruits to eat.
这使牛油果成为最安全的水果之一
Another big plus is that inside that flesh
另一个好处就是内部果肉
are 11 different carotenoids, which are
蕴含11种不同的类胡萝卜素
healthy type of vital chemical.
它们是健康的重要化学物质
These things help fighting in certain kinds of cancer and even heart disease.
它们帮助抵御某些癌症甚至心脏疾病
The highest concentration of these compounds
这些高浓度的化合物
can be found right here in the dark green portion just beneath the skin.
可以在果皮下面的深绿色部分被找到
For this reason, there is a proper way to cut and
因此 有一个正确切割
peel your avocado for maximum health benefit…
牛油果且最大程度保留其营养的方法
Step one.
第一步
Cut vertically, all the way around the pit of the avocado.
垂直切开 一直切到牛油果核周围
Step two.
第二步
Twist both sides to separate.
转动两半并分开
Step Three.
第三步
Remove the pit from the one half by hacking
像这样转动水果刀
at it with a knife and twist like so.
从半个牛油果中挖去果核
Step four.
第四步
Cut your two halves into four quarters.
把两瓣牛油果切成四块
Step five.
第五步
Instead of digging in with a spoon, just peel
不要用汤匙挖果肉
the skin from the flesh, and
而是从果肉上把皮撕下来
it will come out nice and smooth.
这样牛油果平滑又好看
The rougher looking portion on the outside
外层看起来较粗糙的
that touched the skin is incredibly healthy stuff!
接触皮的那部分果肉其实大有益处!
Most of the time, if you’re going through these steps,
多数时间 如果你执行上述步骤
you’re in the mood for some guac.
你一定在做牛油果酱
Any seasoned veteran in dip making knows
经验丰富的制酱老手都知道
this stuff will brown very quickly.
这东西很快会变棕
This is due to compounds in the fruit called phenols.
这是由于水果中叫一种苯酚的化合物
When exposed to oxygen, these phenols will
暴露于空气中时 这些苯酚将
convert into another class of compounds called quinones.
转化成另一类叫醌的化合物
Over time, quinones link together, forming
一段时间后 醌作用在一起
A pigment called melanin – the same
形成黑色素 该物质
stuff that gives human skin its color.
也赋予了人类皮肤的颜色
And if you’ve ever thought avocado flesh
如果你认为 牛油果果肉
browns way faster than other fruits, you’re not wrong.
比其他水果更快变棕 确实如此
Avocados carry a boat-load of an enzyme
牛油果携带许多
called polyphenol oxidase that speeds up
多酚氧化酶 它能加速
this whole pigment production process.
整个色素生产进程
So how do you stop your guacamole from browning?
那如何阻止牛油果酱变棕呢?
Here’s some quick tips.
这里有一些小窍门
First, every good guac recipe should include some lime.
首先 好的牛油果酱食谱都应包含酸橙
The acids in lime juice actually slow down
酸橙汁中的酸性物质能减缓
that enzyme from speeding up the browning.
酶加速牛油果变棕的过程
After you’ve had your fill of dip you can take some
做完蘸酱后 可以用
saran wrap and press it right up against your guac.
保鲜膜把它包裹并挤压
The less air pockets the better.
中间的气泡越少越好
Another interesting trick is if you’ve made a thick dip,
另一个有趣的技巧是如果你做了较多蘸酱
and have a good amount left over,
并且剩下了很多
you can cover it with a layer of water and put it in the fridge.
你可以在上面倒一层水 并把它放进冰箱
When you’re ready for more dip,
当准备食用时
dump the excess water out and stir it up.
倒出多余的水 搅拌一下
These two methods keep our main browning compound- oxygen away from your delicious treat.
这两个方法可以使氧气远离你的美味
So get dipping folks.
快去蘸吧 伙计
This is one nutritional powerhouse food
这是你一定不想错过的
that you don’t want to miss out on.
营养丰富的食物
If you liked this video make sure to check out
如果你喜欢此视频 请务必收看
this one about the chemistry of Sriracha
这个关于拉差辣椒酱里的化学的视频
and then also this one on garlic breath.
和这个关于蒜味口臭的视频
Special thanks to Compound interest for hooking
特别感谢《Compound interest》协助我们
us up with this awesome avocado chemistry infographic
制作令人惊叹的牛油果化学信息视频
a link to it can be found down in the video description below.
其链接就在视频描述的下方
Have ideas for other tasty food chemistry videos?
你对其他美食化学视频有想法吗?
Let us know in the comments.
请在评论中留言
Thanks for watching folks, hit subscribe on the way out,
感谢各位观看 点击订阅
and we’ll see you again very soon.
期待下次见面

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视频概述

牛油果中蕴含哪些物质?有哪些神奇功效?如何食用并保存牛油果?本视频将告诉你答案,快来看看吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

雪孩子

审核员

审核员FF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKDoNtlvsMU

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