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恐龙得名记 – 译学馆
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恐龙得名记

Where did dinosaurs come from? | Natural History Museum

Dinosaur fossils have been discovered across the globe for millennia
几千年来 世界各地发现过恐龙化石
What they were remained a mystery
恐龙是什么仍然是个谜
In fact, Megalosaurus was thought to be the remains of an ancient race of giant humans
事实上 巨齿龙曾被认为是远古巨型人的遗骸
Some of the theories people came up with seem ludicrous today
人们提出过的一些理论 今天看来可笑
but they continued right up until the 1840s,
但它们一直持续到十九世纪四十年代
when notable comparative anatomist Richard Owen,
当时 著名的比较解剖学家
who was also the founder of the Natural History Museum,
也是自然历史博物馆的创始人 理查德·欧文
noticed some things that linked these animals together.
注意到了这些动物之间一些共同的联系
Now, he noticed three particular animals: Megalosaurus, Iguanodon and Hylaeosaurus.
他注意到了三种特殊的动物:巨齿龙 禽龙和森林龙
He noticed the legs of these animals were held tucked underneath their body,
他发现这些动物的腿收拢在他们身体的下方
unlike in modern reptiles where they’re splayed out to the sides.
不像现代爬行动物的腿那样 向身体两侧展开
This observation was significant enough
这个发现举足轻重
for Owen to consider that this group warranted a new name,
欧文认为有理由给这个种群取一个新名字
and he called them Dinosauria, or’terrible lizards’.
他称之为恐龙 或“可怕的蜥蜴”
It’s remarkable that these three specimens that define what dinosaurs are
值得注意的是 这三个定义了恐龙形象的标本
were found in the peaceful surroundings of the English countryside.
是在英国宁静的乡村被发现的

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视频概述

神秘的史前巨兽是怎样被命名为恐龙的?点开视频,听自然历史博物馆的科学家娓娓道来。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q39wlP3IREw

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