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何时允许侵犯隐私

When It's OK to Violate Privacy

This is a footnote to the main video
这是主视频的一个脚注
about protecting people’s privacy
是关于你在医学研究 调查之类的平台
when you’re publishing statistics
发布统计数据时
from a medical study, or a census, or whatever.
如何保护他人隐私
There are two kinds of privacy violation that can happen from a survey,
在调查过程中可能会发生两种侵犯隐私的行为
and they’re qualitatively very different from each other.
而且它们的性质完全不相同
The first kind is the direct breach of the privacy of an individual
第一种是以某种方式透露个人具体私密信息
by somehow revealing private information specific to them
来直接破坏个人隐私的行为
like their birthday, or blood type,
比如他们的生日 血型
or Harry Potter house
或者他们在哈利波特世界是哪个学院的
and this is the kind of privacy violation the main video focused on.
这也是主视频关注的隐私侵犯类型
The second kind is an indirect violation of privacy via association with a group
第二种是通过联系某个群体来间接侵犯隐私
like how men are more likely to be overpaid,
比如人有多大可能性被支付过高薪水
or how Slytherins are more likely to be evil,
斯莱特林人有多大可能性是邪恶的
or how overpaid men are more likely to be Slytherins.
那么收到过高薪水的人有多大可能性是斯莱特林人
Of course, revealing trend-based information about a group
当然 基于趋势预测法揭露一个群体的特征
is precisely the purpose of doing surveys.
恰恰是做调查的目的
We, as a society, want to know the expected lifespan of smokers vs non-smokers,
作为社会的一员 我们想要知道吸烟者比不吸烟者的预期寿命长短如何
or the typical month in which professional hockey players are born.
或一般专业冰球运动员可能出生的特定月份
But if a survey reveals that hockey players are more likely to have January birthdays,
但若一份调查表明冰球运动员更可能是一月的生日
then knowing somebody plays in the NHL
那么不管运动员自己有没有参与那次调查
gives you insight into a supposedly private piece of information
如果你认识国家冰球联盟的运动员的话
and does so regardless of whether or not that player themselves participated in that survey!
都能了解到一份本该私密的信息
If we wanted to protect the privacy of individuals 100%,
如果我们想完全保护个人隐私
pretty much the only option would be
差不多唯一的选择就是
to outright prohibit all studies and surveys that use any individual information, whatsoever.
任何情况下都禁止所有用到任何个人信息的研究和调查
But then we couldn’t have representative democracies, or study diseases,
但这样一来我们就无法施行代议民主 或做疾病研究
or keep an eye out for dark wizards coming out of Slytherin, or lots of other useful things.
或严盯斯莱特林的黑巫师的出现 以及做很多其他有用的事了
So if you are going to do a study,
所以当你要做一个研究时
the best you can do is to not violate any participant’s privacy
你尽力能做的就是不去侵犯参与者的隐私
more than their privacy would have been violated if they hadn’t participated in the study.
除了他们在此研究之前已被泄露的以外
That is, the current wisdom is that
也就是说 目前的共识是
it’s ok to reveal that NHL players are more likely to have January birthdays,
透露“国家冰球球联盟的运动员更可能在一月出生”没关系
but it’s not ok to reveal the birthday of a specific player.
但透露某位具体运动员的生日是不行的
And of course, you’d have to reveal the January birthdays fact
当然 你还得借助拥有数字化保障的保密措施
using a mathematically guaranteed privacy protection.
来揭示“一月生日”的事实
But that’s what the main video is about. So go watch it.
不过这是主视频里所讲的内容啦 所以快去看吧
And if you want to ensure that you don’t have online information specific to you stolen or published,
如果不想你的具体信息在网上被盗或发布
I highly recommend using Dashlane, this video’s sponsor
我强烈推荐使用本视频的赞助商品牌Dashlane
and a tool that can greatly simplify and secure your online life (as it has mine)
它是一个能极大便捷化和保护你上网的工具 (毕竟网上也有我的信息)
with Dashline, every single site or online service you use
通过Dashline 你用的每个网站或网上服务
gets a strong, unique password,
都会获得一个独特的强密码
and Dashline securely remembers them so you don’t have to.
且Dashline能安全地记住这些密码 所以不需要你去记
Dashlane also (with your permission) auto-fills online address forms, credit card info,
(在您许可的情况下)它还可以自动填写在线地址表格 信用卡信息
saving you time and hassle.
为你省时省力
It’s really nice.
这真的很不错
You can get a free 30 day trial of Dashlane Premium (which also includes Dashline‘s VPN)
你可以去Dashlane.com/minutephysics网站
by going to dashlane.com/minutephysics.
获取Dashlane Premium30天的免费试用权(内含Dashline的VPN)
Again, that’s dashlane.com/minutephysics
重申一遍 Dashlane.com/minutephysics
and use coupon code minutephysics for 10% off at checkout if you decide to go download.
你如果打算下载的话 用优惠码minutephysics在结账时可以打9折
I’d like to thank Dashlane for simplifying and securing my life.
感谢Dashline简化并保护我的生活

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视频概述

介绍侵犯隐私的两种类型,着重讲间接侵犯隐私的类型以及如何和使用什么工具防止此情况发生

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

YXG-372f4

审核员

审核员 AF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FE9ko2wtyeQ

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