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世界上最难到达的地方是哪里? – 译学馆
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世界上最难到达的地方是哪里?

What's the Most Difficult Place to Get to In the World?

这个视频来自”Real Life Lore”
This is a video by Real Life Lore
由”the great courses plus”赞助播出
sponsored by the great courses plus.
你或许相信世界上任何地方
It may be easy to believe that anywhere in the world
通过乘飞机或打辆车
can be reached with a simple plane flight
再走上两步就能轻松抵达目的地
and maybe an uber with some added walking in between
毕竟已经2017年了
it’s 2017 after all. So,
所以 如果你想去某个地方
surely if you want to go somewhere, you can
你可以在一段时间内到达那儿 对吧?
get there in a reasonable amount of time, right?
然而事实是 世界上仍有一些
The truth is,there are still some shockingly difficult
极其偏远的地方难以抵达
and remote places to get to in the world,
并且有些地方至今
and there are still some places that nobody
都没有人到过那里!
in all of human history has ever been to yet!
那么问题来了 世界上这些偏远的但仍然
The question is, where is the most difficult place
可能到达的地方都在哪呢?
that you can possibly get to in the world?
如果你现在就停下看视频并立刻出发
And how can you get there if you stop watching this video now,
那要怎么才能到达目的地呢?
and set off on your journey?
先看看我们离那儿有多远
Let’s start with how far we’ve come.
这张地图详细标出了1914年
This is a map from 1914 that details travel times
从伦敦出发到世界各地所花费的时间
around the world if you started in London.
回到那时
Back then, most of Europe
欧洲大部分地区都能在5天内到达
could be reached in under 5 days travel time while
而更远的斯堪的纳维亚和俄罗斯则要五到十天
more remote parts of Scandinavia and Russia would take 5~10 days.
去旧金山得花将近20天
Getting to San Francisco could have taken up to 20 days,
而去悉尼则要四十多天
Sydney would have taken up to 40 days,
除了欧洲以外
and there were parts on every continent except for Europe
每个大陆都有一些地方需要几个月的时间才能到达
that would have still taken months to actually get to.
然而 现在旅行所花费在路上的时间却低得离谱
Today, however the travel times are absurdly lower.
整个欧洲可以在不到半天的时间内到达
All of Europe can be reached in under half a days journey
以及北美 非洲和亚洲的大部分地区
as well as large parts of North America, Africa and Asia.
一百年以前 去旧金山需要花费二十天的时间
The journey to San Francisco that would have taken 20 days 100 years ago,
现在只要半天
now takes only half a day.
去悉尼旅行需要四十天的路程
The journey to Sydney that would have taken 40 days
现在只需要一天
now takes just about obe day.
世界大部分地区有了快速交通
Much of the world has been open to rapid transportation
多亏了现代航空旅行
thanks to modern air travel.
但仍有一些地方没有快速交通
But there are still a few places that haven’t kept up with the rest of the world.
以皮特凯恩岛为例
Take Pitcairn island for example,
它位于太平洋中部的英国海外领土
A UK overseas territory in the middle of the Pacific Ocean
那里只有49人
that is home to a mere 49 people
离有人居住的最近的岛屿有几百公里远
that is hundreds of kilometers away from the nearest other inhabited island.
如果你想搬到这里
If you want to move here
他们会给你一块免费的土地
they’ll actually give you a free plot of land
以建造房屋
to build your house on.
并且温度持续保持在热带时的温度左右
And temperatures remain tropical year around.
这个岛屿没有飞机场
But there’s no airport on the island,
所以去外面的交通只限于乘船
so transportation with the outside world is done only by boats,
所以他们很少去外面
and they rarely visit.
所以我发现
So the best way that I found to get there
从伦敦到那里最好的方法是这样的
from London is as followed. You would
你得先坐飞机从伦敦到洛杉矶
first have to get a flight from London to Los Angeles.
然后从那里转机到塔希提岛
And then take a connecting flight from there to Tahiti.
这段旅程大约需要24小时
And that journey would take about 24 hours.
但是你需要从塔希提岛乘飞机
But then you would need to take a flight
去另一个叫莫妮卡·莱瓦的岛
from Tahiti to another island named Monica Raiva,
它每周只有一趟航班
which only happens once every week.
需要花费五个半小时的时间
And it would take another five hours, and 30 minutes.
这是离皮特凯恩岛最近的机场
This is the closest airport to Pitcairn
但仍然有531公里远
and it’s still 531 kilometers away.
唯一定期带着补给品前往皮特凯恩的船只
The only boat that travels to Pitcairn regularly with supplies
就在这里
is located here, but it only leaves
但它每三个月才离开一次
once every three months to visit.
如果你够幸运 还能坐上船
If you’re lucky enough and managed to get on the boat.
那么在你到达皮特凯恩之前还有32小时的航程
It’s another 32h of sailing before you finally arrive at Pitcairn,
从伦敦出发的总行程时间是2.5天
for a total trip time of about 2.5 days from London.
从最低限度来说 这是困难的
At the bare minimum that’s difficult.
但还有一些名为Kurguelen的群岛
But the there’re these islands named Kurguelen Islands,
它还有个著名的名字“荒凉群岛”
also known by their ominious name of “The Desolation Islands”.
位于遥远的印度洋
Located in the remote Indian Ocean,
它们在马达加斯加最近的人口中心
they’re three-thousand three hundred, kilometers away
三千三百公里之外
from the closest other population center in Madagascar.
这里一直都有大约50到100名法国科学家在工作
There are around 50 to 100 french scientists on at all times.
和皮特凯恩一样 这里也没有机场
Like Pitcairn, there is no airport so
交通就只有船
transportation is done only by ships.
他们每3个月接待一艘供给和运输船只
They’re visited by only one supply-and-transport ship every 3 months.
最近的来自马达加斯加附近的留尼汪岛
The least from Reunion Island near Madagascar.
所以首先你需要以某种方式到达那个岛
So first you need to arrive on that island somehow and then
再坐六天的船去“荒凉群岛”
get on the six day boat journey to “The Desolation Islands”.
从伦敦到这个岛
It would take a minimum of about one full week
至少需要完整的一个星期
to get to the Islands from London.
但一旦你到了那里 还有更大的挑战要做
But there’s an even greater challenge to do once you’re there.
岛上最高的山有1850米高
The tallest mountain on the island is 1850 meters high
第一个到达山顶的人是
the first person who ever reached the top of it was some
一个1960年乘坐直升飞机的人
guy who flew up in a helicopter in 1960.
此后几乎没有人去过那里
Hardly anybody has ever been there ever since.
因为这是世界上最偏远的山峰之一
because it’s one of the most remote mountain summits
这意味着
in the world, which means that it’s likely
它是这个地球上最难到达的地方
one of the most difficult places to get to on earth.
但是 还有一些其他的地方要
But there are some other which are significantly more
比这更难到达 以西德利山为例
difficult to reach than this. Take Mount Sidley, for example,
那是南极洲最高的火山
which is the tallest volcano in Antartica.
由于没有定期的航班
Antartica is already difficult enough to get to with no regularly
从世界上任何地方飞往南极洲
scheduled flights from anywhere in the world of
所以南极洲已经很难到达了
the volcano is located in the most remote part of Antartica
而这座火山位于南极洲最偏远的地方
known as Mary Birdland, a place so vast and remote
被称为玛丽伯德兰
that no sovereign country in the world currently claims it.
就像在月球上一样
It’s basically like being on the moon here.
这座火山有428米高
and the volcano is 428 meters high.
直到1934年才被发现
It wasn’t even discovered until 1934 and
直到1990年 还没有人能爬到山顶
nobody had ever climbed it to the top of it until 1990.
从那以后 只有两只探险队
and ever since then only two expeditions have
成功登顶
ever successfully made it to the top.
最近一次是在2010年
Most recently in 2010,
这使得盛德雷山的顶峰成为一个难以捉摸的地方
which makes the summit of Mount Sidley a elusive place
很少有人去过 将来也不会有人去
that very few people have ever or will ever be to.
珠穆朗玛峰的顶峰——中尼边界
The summit of Mount Everest
是地球上最高的山峰
on Nepal-China border is the highest summit on earth.
很显然是非常难登上去的
And it’s obviously very difficult to get to.
它高8848米
It’s 8,848m tall and has been successfully reached
历史上只有大约4000人成功到达
by only around 4,000 people through history,
这是有史以来获得格莱美奖人数最少的一次
which is fewer people than have ever won a Grammy,
但也有223人在尝试攀登时死亡
but 223 have died while attempting to climb as well,
也就是说每个人都有这种想法
which means that out of everybody
试图爬到山顶
who has ever tried climbing to the top,
他们中大约有二十分之一的人死于这种尝试
about 1 out of every 20 of them has died trying.
这听起来很危险 当然也很困难
That sounds very dangerous and difficult of course.
然后我们继续讨论另一座叫K2的山
But then we move on to another mountain named K2
它是世界上第二高的山
which is the second tallest mountain in the world
但是攀登起来要困难得多
but is far more difficult to climb.
只有大约300人成功登顶
Only around 300 people have ever successfully made it to the top,
77人在尝试中死亡
while 77 people have died trying.
也就是说每五个人中就有一个人
Which means about one in ever five people
在尝试的时候死了
who has ever tried getting there has died while trying.
没有人能在冬天成功到达那里
Nobody has ever successfully gotten there in the winter
K2被戏称为”野蛮的山”
and K2 is nicknamed “the Savage Mountian”
因为爬上去非常困难
because of it’s extreme difficulty in climbing.
要抵达这个最难到达的地方
The summit here is a good contender for
峰顶是一个最大的障碍
the most difficult place to get to.
但是喜马拉雅山脉的另一座山——安纳普尔纳山更加危险
But another mountain in the Himalayas–Annapurna is even more dangerous.
它是世界第十高的山
It’s the 10th highest mountain in the world
但只有191人成功攀登过
but has only ever been successfully climbed by 191 people,
而61人在尝试的过程中死亡
while 61 other people have died while trying,
也就是说 每四个人中就有一个人
which means that about one out of every four people who has
在试图达到顶峰的时候就已经死了
ever tried reaching the summit has died while trying to do so.
就你的生存几率而言
In terms of your odds for survival getting aomewhere,
这座山的顶峰可能是
this mountain summit may truely be the
真正的世界上最难到达的地方
most difficult place on earth for you to get to.
其他山脉上还有其他的山峰
But there’re still other summits on other mountains
但至今还没有人能到达
that have still never been reached by anybody.
这是冈哈尔普恩萨姆山 世界上最高的未攀登的山
This is the Gangkhar Puensum the tallest unclimbed mountain in the world
7579米高
at 7579 meters tall.
历史上甚至没有人到过这里
Nobody in history has even been at this point right here
在很长一段时间内 没有人会这么做
and nobody probably will be for a very long time.
这座山位于不丹境内
The mountain is locatd in Bhutan, and Bhutan has banned any
不丹出于宗教原因禁止攀登
climbing of it for religous reasons.
所以这不仅仅是身体上的挑战
So not only it’s getting to the top physically challenging,
在法律上也是不可能的
but it’s also legally impossible.
那么 在法律上可以攀登
So what about a mountain that is legally ok to climb
但还没有人到达过的山峰呢?
that has never been reached.
在这类国家中 最高的峰会将是巴基斯坦的木丘奇什峰会
The tallest summit in this category would be Muchu Chhish in Pakistan
海拔7453米 这是一座要求极高的山
at 7453 meters high, an incredibly demanding mountain that’s
在有记录的历史上 只有两次尝试
only ever been attempted to be climbed twice in recorded history.
如果你在寻找地球上最困难的地方
If you are looking for the most difficult place
那么 这座山峰就是你的不二选择
on earth to get to that is legal for you
因为它是合法的
to try,the answer is probably this summit right here,
并且还没有人尝试过
a place that no human has ever set foot on all over history.
也许你可以结束这段视频 试着挑战自己
Until maybe you end this video and try so yourself.
作为一个物种 我们既去过月球 也去过海洋最深的地方
We as a species have been both to the moon and the deepest
但是 世界上仍有几十座山的峰顶
part of the ocean but there are still several dozen
从未有人达到过
mountains around the world whose summits have never yet been
这可能是地球上
reached by anybody making them possibly the most difficult places to get to
最难到达的地方
on our entire planet
非常感谢大家收看这个视频
So thank you very much for watching this video.
我也非常感谢
I’d like to give a tremendous amount
支持我的课程的赞助商
of thanks to my incredible sponser the great courses plus.
The Great courses plus是一种按需订阅的视频学习服务
The Great courses plus is a subscription on-demand video learning service
在这里你可以订阅并观看
where you can subscribe to and watch
由杰出的常春藤联盟大学教授
on limited top-notch courses that are taught by brilliant
以及国家地理 史密森尼学会
Ivy League professors as well as experts from National Geographic,
美国烹饪学会和其他数百名
the Smithsonian, the Culinary Institue of America
在极具资质的专家教授的顶级课程
and hundreds of other extremly qualified in the visuals
他们提供了成千上万种不同的讲座
They offer an unlimited access to thousands of different lectures
任何你可能感兴趣的东西
of pretty much anything you could possibly ever be interested in.
如果你喜欢这个视频
If you enjoy the video you just watch,
我强烈推荐他们的课程《世界最大的地质奇观》
then I would strongly recommend their course titled the world’s greatest geological wonders.
包括关于喜马拉雅山脉 南极洲和其他地方的讲座
Which includes lectures on the Himalayan Mountains, Antarctica, and other
而且很吸引人
extremely difficult, but Fascinating places,it’s a truly
这是一个非常值得学习的主题
great subject to learn about and helped out a lot with the research
并且它对很多研究都起到了作用
that I can talk for this video
你可以注册一个30天的免费试用
You can watch this or hundreds of other
你就可以看这个或者
courses completely for free, when you
其他免费的几百个视频
sign up for a 30-day free trial.
你可以使用屏幕上的这个链接
Using the link that is on your screen now.
(网址)
www. TheGreatCoursesPlus.com/RealLifeLore.
或者您可以单击描述中的链接
or you can click the link in the description.
如果你喜欢这个视频
If you enjoyed the video you just watched. Then,
那我希望你通过点击这里
I hope you’ll subscribe to my youtube channel
订阅我的视频频道
by clicking here.
你可以点击这里看我的赞助商
You can visit my patron by clicking here.
也可以点击左边看我以前的视频
And watch older videos of mine by clicking over here on the left.
我也很期待能在下一期视频再次见到你
And I look forward to seeing you again for thr next new video soon.
[音乐剧]
[Music Plays]

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视频概述

这个视频介绍了一些世界上难以到达的岛屿和山峰,并告诉了我们到达它的困难之处

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Aoede

审核员

审核员_AK

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ap4eVlcYLww

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