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蔬菜和水果之间的区别是什么? – 译学馆
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蔬菜和水果之间的区别是什么?

What's the Difference Between Fruits and Vegetables?

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照料园里的植物是我们最爱做的事情之一
taking care of our plantsin the fort is one of our favorite things to do
最棒的一点就是有时我们会吃自己种的植物
and the best part is sometimes we get to eat what we grow
我们种的植物包括像生菜和胡萝卜这样的蔬菜
we grow what’s plantsincluding vegetables like lettuce and carrot
以及像蓝莓和番茄这样的水果
and fruit like blueberries and tomatoes
是的 你没听错 根据研究植物的科学家即植物学家们表明
yeah you heard me right according toscientists to study plants called botantists
实际上蓝莓和番茄都是水果
both blueberries and tomatoes are actually kinds of fruit
即使许多人把番茄当成蔬菜
even though a lot of people call tomatoes vegetables
那么我们该如何区分水果和蔬菜
but how do we know the difference between fruits and vegetables
这可能有点麻烦 但如果我们得知一些关于植物如何生长的知识
it can be tricky but if we learn a little bit about how plants grow
我们就可以做出一个合理的猜测了
we can make a pretty good guess
那么我们就从所有植物都还是种子的时候开始说起
so let’s start with all plants start seeds

当一株年轻新生的植物从一粒种子开始成长时
when a young new plant begins to grow from a seed
它需要将它的根牢牢扎进土壤里
it pushes its roots deep into the soil
并且向着太阳尽力伸展其茎叶
and stretche it’s stems and leaves upward to the sun
有时一株植物的根 茎 叶以及花蕾都是可以食用的
sometimes the roots stems leaves and flower buds of a plant are edible
也就是说我们可以放心食用
which means we can eat them safely
因此我们把这些可食用的植物部分
and we call all of these edible plants part
包括未开放的花苞 根 茎和叶统称为蔬菜
including unopened flowersroots stems and leaves vegetable
看看这个最受欢迎的胡萝卜 如果你看着一株胡萝卜
check out this popular favorite the carrot if you look at a carrot
正在生长
as it’s growing
你会看到它的茎叶全部长在土壤表面
you can see its leaves and stem grow above the soil
通常我们吃的那部分是长在地下的
the part that we usually eat grows down in the ground
没错 胡萝卜就是根 因为这是我们可以食用的根
that’s right the carrot is a root and since it’s a root that we can eat
所以它是蔬菜 好的 那水果又是怎样的呢
it’s a vegetable all right now what about fruit
事实上 所有水果都始于一朵盛开的美丽花朵
the fact is every fruit starts with a pretty blooming flower
这些花不仅美丽芬芳
flowers is not only look and smell nice
它们对植物的生长繁殖来说也相当重要
they also do something really important for the plants that make them
它们帮助植物再生产
they help plants reproduce
生物繁殖的时候就会创造出更多的自己
when the living thing reproduces it makes more of itself
同样植物通过制造种子使花朵不断繁殖
and plants that make flowers reproduce by making seeds
在有花植物里 种子是从花朵的一个特殊部分开始的
in flowering plants a seed start from a special part of flowers
这个特殊部分随着种子变大而膨胀
which begins to swell as the seed gets bigger
大多数时候 植物的这部分会围绕着种子不断生长以保护种子
a lots of time this part of the plant keeps growing around the seed to protect it
最后花枯萎掉
eventually the flower falls off
留下的属于植物的这一小部分
and the small and part of the plant that’s left behind
就成为你我所知的果实了
becomes what you and I know as a fruit
所以 如果它是可食用的植物部位 比如根 茎 叶或是已开的花朵
so if it’s an edible plant part like a root stem leaves or an open flower
那么它就是蔬菜
but it’s a vegetable
如果它是花和植物的一部分且其中有种子
if it’s part of a flower and plant that has a seed in it
那它就是水果
it’s a fruit
那么你觉得你能猜出我们在温室里种的植物是水果还是蔬菜吗
so do you think you can guess whether what we growing in the greenhouse is fruit or a vegetable
我们不妨一起试试吧
let’s go for it
我们从菠菜这种超级好吃又有益健康的植物开始吧
we start with a delicious plant that’s super good for you spinach
你觉得菠菜是水果还是蔬菜呢
what do you think spinach is a fruit or a vegetable
它是蔬菜 菠菜是叶片
a vegetable is right spinach is a leaf
如果我们仔细观察下菠菜植株 我们会发现其根在地下支撑着它
if we take a look at the spinach plant we can see that has roots to hold it in the ground
而它的茎支撑着叶子
and then its leaves are held up by a stem
很好 那么黄瓜呢
good job how about a cucumber
你认为它是水果还是蔬菜呢
what do you think fruit or vegetable
没错 它是水果 如果你仔细瞧黄瓜植株
right a fruit if you look at a cucumber plant
我们会看到它有根 茎和叶
we see it has roots stems and leaves
但这些都不是我们吃的部分 黄瓜也开花
but those aren’t the parts we eat cucumbers also make flowers
正是花里的这个特殊部分最终变成黄瓜果实
it’s that special part of a flower that becomes the cucumber fruit
如果我们切开黄瓜看其内部
if we look inside a cucumber that’s been cut
我们会看到它的小种子 让我们再试一个
we can see it’s little seed let’s try one more
豌豆是水果还是蔬菜
how about green peas fruit or vegetable
信不信由你 豌豆是水果
believe it or not peas are a fruit
豌豆植株会开花 其中一部分的花会变成我们称做豌豆荚的果实
pea plants make flowers and parts of these flowers become the fruit that we call a pea pod
如果我们吃豆荚里的豌豆 我们实际上是在吃它的种子
if we eat the peas in the pod we’re actually just eating the pea seeds
如今 有时候我们很难区分超市里卖的到底是什么
now sometimes it’s hard to tell what something is in the supermarket
有时我们会种没有种子或种子小到难以发现的水果
sometimes we grow fruits that don’t have seeds or has seeds that are too small to see
对我们而言植物的根 茎或叶有时也是难以区分的
it can also be tricky to tell ussomething a root stem or leaf
但看看你能否猜出在你购物车里的是水果还是蔬菜也是件乐事
but it’s always fun to see if you can guess what in your shopping car is a fruit and what’s the vegetable
只要你保证两样都多吃就准没错 谢谢收看我们的scishow kids
just make sure you eat plenty of boththanks for joining us on scishow kids
如果你对爱吃的食物或其他事情还有任何疑问
do you have a question about a food you love or anything else
那么就在大人的帮助下
then gets help from grown up
评论在下方或发邮件到 kids@the scishow.com告诉我们吧
let us know by leave a comment down below or by sending a email at kids@the scishow.com
让我们下次再见
let’s see you next time
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