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【便宜vs贵】白蛋和褐蛋有区别?是时候揭开真相了 – 译学馆
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【便宜vs贵】白蛋和褐蛋有区别?是时候揭开真相了

What's the Difference Between Brown Eggs and White Eggs?

大家好呀!我是Simon Whistler
Hello!I’m Simon Whistler .
你正在收看的是YouTube频道的“今日发现”
You are watching the Today I Found Out Youtube channel.
今天的节目中
And in the video today,
我们来找出白壳蛋 褐壳蛋不同的真相
We’re looking out the truth about the difference between brown eggs and white eggs.
音乐响起
[Music]
围绕着褐壳鸡蛋和白壳鸡蛋有着各种各样的谣言
There are all sorts of rumours surrounding brown eggs and white eggs.
有人说褐壳蛋对人体更好 并且含更多营养物质
Some people say that brown eggs are better for you and contain more nutrients.
还有人认为 褐壳蛋更适合用来做乳蛋饼之类的食物
Some people say that brown eggs are better for cooking things like quiches,
而白壳蛋更适合做蛋糕之类的食物 但也有相反的观点
While white eggs are better for cooking things like cakes, or vice versa,
这取决于是谁跟你说
depending on who you talk to.
在“今日发现”我们要揭开关于这些神话的真相
We, here at Today I Found Out, are all about uncovering the truth amongst all of the myths.
这里是白壳蛋和褐壳蛋之间最迷人的不同
And so here is the fascinating difference between brown eggs and white eggs.
褐壳蛋是褐色的 而白壳蛋是白色的
Brown eggs are brown, white eggs are white.
说真的 就像人类 不论蛋壳外在是褐色还是白色
Seriously, much like humans, whether the egg is brown or white,
它们的内在是相同的
they are the same inside.
虽然就鸡蛋来说有一个小小的说明 我们马上就会讲到
though in the case of eggs with one minor caveat, which we’ll get to in a minute,
那就是蛋壳的颜色与下蛋的鸡无关
that has nothing to do with whether the chicken is a brown egg layer or white.
但除了这个说明 还有一个褐壳蛋或白壳蛋的营养价值相同
but besides that caveat, a brown egg or a white egg will give you the same amount of nutrition.
他们的口感也相同 用来做乳蛋饼和做蛋糕也同样美味
They taste the same and they are equally delicious in quiches and cakes.
与普遍认知相反 两种蛋的平均蛋壳厚度也相差无几
Also, contrary to popular belief, the two also have more or less the same shell thickness on average.
如果你曾经注意到过不同 很可能是生蛋的鸡年龄不同
If you previously noticed the difference here, it is likely to do with the age of the chicken.
年轻鸡下的蛋大多比年老鸡的要坚硬
Young chickens lay eggs with shells are typically harder than older children’s eggs.
不管白壳还是褐壳鸡蛋都是这样
but this is true for both white and brown egg layers.
关于褐壳蛋更好的谣言到底是如何产生的呢?
How the rumours started about brown eggs being better?
因为超市褐壳蛋价格往往更高 至少在美国是这样
It is thought to be because they’re often more expensive at supermarkets, at least in the United States.
如果商品花费更高 它的质量更好或更适合你 不是吗?
If something costs more, it has to be better quality or better for you, right?
在蛋壳的颜色和其它的事情上这个法则并不适用
Not in this case and not in many others.
有时 大幅上涨某样东西的价格是常用营销技巧
Increasing the price of something sometimes drastically is occasionally used the marketing trick
使人们认为高价商品比更便宜的同类商品更好
to get people to think one product is better than a comparable cheaper product.
有时候确实如此 不过大多时候并不是
Sometimes that’s true, but many times it’s not.
至于褐壳蛋之所以更贵一些
As for egg prices, brown eggs cost more in part
是因为下蛋的鸡要吃得更多 也就意味着每颗蛋的成本更高
because the hens that lay them usually eat more which means the hens cost more to keep per egg.
你会发现白色或浅色并带有白耳垂的母鸡通常下白壳蛋
You see white eggs on most of the laid by white or light colored hens with white earlobes.
而红毛或黑褐毛并带有红耳垂的母鸡往往下褐壳蛋
While brown eggs are most often laid by red feathered or brown dark feathered chickens with red earlobes.
这不是真理 只是一个普遍规律
This is not a universal truth, just a general rule.
更深层次来讲 鸡耳垂才是真正的判定根据
Further, the chicken’s earlobes are really the indicator here,
而不是它的羽毛
not the feathers.
但是鸡耳垂的颜色与羽毛颜色很大程度相关
But there is a very strong correlation between earlobe color and feather color.
因此羽毛颜色也算是个不错的判断指标
So feather color can be a decent indicator, too.
蛋壳颜色基本上由基因决定
Ultimately, egg color is determined by genetics.
但是鸡的耳垂和羽毛的颜色也是个很好的指引
But the earlobe, the feather color thing is a good indicator.
最后 红耳垂的鸡一般比白耳垂的鸡体积更大些
In the end, the red lobed chickens tend to be larger than the white lobed counterparts,
这也是为什么它们吃的更多
which is why they eat more.
农民因为喂食了额外饲料所以需要补偿 因此他们提高了褐壳蛋的价格
The farmers need to get reimbursed for the extra feeds somehow so they up the price of the brown eggs.
这也是为什么在世界某些地区的超市里 白壳蛋更受欢迎
This also explains why white eggs tend to be more popular in supermarkets in some regions of the world.
白耳垂的鸡成本低 农民花费少 因此白壳蛋更便宜些
White lobed chicken costs less for farmers to keep which leads to cheaper eggs,
这促使商家购买更多的白壳蛋进行销售
which leads to grocers buying more white eggs to put on shelves
来提供给消费者更加便宜的产品
to offer this product cheaper to consumers.
一般情况下 白鸡蛋更划算些
White eggs are simply more cost-effective in the general case.
还有一个常见说法是褐壳蛋口感更好些
There is also a commonly touted myth says that the brown eggs taste better
所以他们也会更贵些
and that’s why they are more expensive.
正如所指出的 褐白壳蛋的口感差异是假的不存在的
As noted the white egg and brown egg taste difference is a myth.
但是 两个鸡蛋的口感潜在差异的确会使我们注意到这点
But the potential difference in taste from one egg to another does lead us to the one caveat.
虽然这与鸡蛋的颜色没有任何关系 但与鸡的饮食有关系
Though it isn’t anything to do with the color of the egg, rather it has to do with the chickens’diet.
很多家养鸡下褐壳蛋
Many chickens raised at home are brown egg layers,
而大部分用于盈利的鸡都是下白壳蛋的
while most of the chicken raised for commercial use are white egg layers.
不同饮食会影响蛋的口感 甚至是蛋黄的颜色
The different diets effect the taste of the eggs and even the color of the yolk.
类似于饮食可以极大地影响肉的味道
Similar to how diet can drastically affect the taste of the meat.
然而 如果你用下白壳蛋的鸡的同种饲料喂养
However, if you would take one of those brown egg laying chicken and raise it on the same food
从褐壳蛋孵出的鸡 那它们的鸡蛋尝起来也会一样
as the white egg laying chicken then their eggs will taste the same
除了蛋壳的颜色 它们没法被区分
and be otherwise indistinguishable aside from the color of the shell.
如果它们饮食相同 则它们蛋黄的颜色也会相同
If their diets are all the same, the yolks will even be identical in color.
现在商场上交易的鸡
Today chickens raised for commercial purposes
不论从白壳还是褐壳蛋中孵出来 都会被给予相同的饲料
whether the layer of white eggs or brown are all getting fed the same thing
只是不同公司间有细小的差异
with perhaps just a slight variance from company to company.
如果你有些邻居送的褐壳蛋 或者你自己的鸡
If you have some brown eggs from your neighbor or a chicken of your own,
它们与商业鸡吃的不一样
that’s fed a different diet than commercially fed chickens’ eat,
那么它们尝起来味道也许会有不同
then there is may be a difference in taste.
鸡蛋壳的颜色和这些没有任何关系
It just doesn’t have anything to do with the color of the egg.
所以 如果饲养褐壳蛋鸡花费会更多
So if brown egg laying chickens are more expensive to feed and keep,
为何农民们还要养呢?
why do farmers keep them arounds?
答案是 许多人对 棕壳蛋尝起来更好 的说法深信不疑
The answer is that so many people buy into the “brown eggs taste better” myth
棕鸡蛋仍是一个可行的商业选择
that brown eggs are still a viable business option.
只要人们继续购买更贵的蛋并愿意支付
As long as people keep buying the more expensive eggs and are willing to pay
超额的定价就会带来超额利润
the marked up prices beyond factoring in the exceed profit,
农民也就会继续饲养和繁殖褐蛋鸡
farmers will keep raising chickens and lay them.
当然 这些天来 最激烈的争论不是 白壳还是褐壳
Of course, these days some of the most hotly debated arguments aren’t over white vs brown eggs.
而是 优质的有机还是无机
But over the superior quality of organic vs not organic eggs
或 自由放牧还是笼子里养的
or free range vs cage eggs.
虽然饮食差距会影响口感
While differences in diet can affect the taste,
如果你对鸡蛋质量或营养价值感到好奇
if you wonder in about the quality of the egg or nutritional value.
(可以参考)D.R.琼斯等人通过农业研究院进行的一项研究
A study done by D.R. Jones et al. through the Agricultural Research Service
该研究被发表在2010年家禽科学杂志上
and published in Poultry Science in 2010,
研究结果发现 不同的方法下产生的优质鸡蛋几乎没有差别
found that ultimately there is very little difference in the quality of eggs produced in these different ways.
他们发现的存在的细小差异
The small differences they did find
多种多样 没有一种鸡蛋类型始终保持最高或最低的营养价值
varied without one egg type consistently maintaining of the highest or lowest values.
最后 虽然鸡蛋成分和味道会受到几个方面的影响
So in the ends, while there are small ways the composition and the taste of chicken eggs can be influenced,
但蛋壳的颜色并不是其中的一种
the color of the egg shell is not one of them.
希望你们喜欢这视频 喜欢的话
So really hope you like that video, if you do.
请在视频下方点个赞
Please do hit the thumb up button below the video,
并订阅这个频道 如果你没订阅
and subscribe this channel if you haven’t already.
更多类似的每周七更的全新视频
For brand-new videos just like this, seven days of the week.
另外 如果你喜欢这个视频 你可能会喜欢右侧的几个视频
Also over there on the right side a couple of the videos you might enjoy if you enjoy this one.
感谢观看
Thank you for watching.
音乐响起
[Music]

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译制信息
视频概述

YouTube搬运,从营养口感等方面介绍白壳蛋与褐壳蛋是否有区别。

听录译者

大王

翻译译者

McEwen

审核员

译学馆审核员U

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=je44qy-_MHY

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