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超乎想象!人类竟然挖过这么深的洞! – 译学馆
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超乎想象!人类竟然挖过这么深的洞!

What's the Deepest Hole We Can Possibly Dig?

这是一段“RLL”节目的视频 本视频也发布在“Skillshare”社区
This is a RealLifeLore video, made possible by Skillshare-
Skillshare社区上还有16000余个视频课程 让您学到其它的生活知识
– home to 16,000 classes that could teach you a new life skill.
通过介绍中的链接注册的前500名用户将获得2个月的免费试用权
The first 500 people to sign up using the link in the description will get a two-month free trial.
几乎每个人总有那么一会儿 想挖一个直达地心的洞
So at some point in their lives, nearly everybody has wanted to dig a hole down to the center of the Earth.
唯一的问题在于 至今无人真正做到这一点
The only problem is, nobody ever has actually dug a hole down that far.
因此 我们这期视频的话题是
This leads us to the question that this video is all about:
如果人类把挖洞作为最重要的事情
If humanity decided that digging a hole was the #1 objective of our species,
那么以如今的技术手段 我们到底能挖多深?
then how deep down could we actually dig with modern-day technology?
我们假设从地球表面的某处开始挖
Let’s say that we start somewhere on the Earth’s surface and just start digging from there-
只要向下1.8米
-not too far down at 1.8 meters
我们就到达了西方的标准墓层
and we arrive at the standard grave depth in Western culture.
所以如果你怕僵尸 它们大概都是从这个深度跑出来的
So if you are afraid of zombies, this is how far down they’ll be coming from.
向下再挖4米 就是图坦卡门法老墓穴所在的深度
4 meters down and we arrive at the depth that pharaoh Tutankhamun’s tomb was discovered at.
再稍微深一点儿 地表以下6米的地方
A little further, at six meters below the surface,
这将是金属探测器探测的最大有效深度
we’ve reached the maximum depth that metal detectors can pick up signals from.
地表以下12米 是天然动物洞穴所达的最深处——尼罗鳄可以做到这一点
At 12 meters, we can find the deepest burrows dug by animals – the Nile crocodile.
地表以下20米是巴黎地下墓穴所在
A little further down at 20 metres and we arrive at the depth of the Paris Catacombs beneath the city of Paris –
有六百万余人被安葬于该墓穴中
– a tomb that holds the remains of over 6 million people.
向下延伸一倍的距离 是世界上最深的泳池所在
Double that distance to 40 meters down and we can see the deepest swimming pool in the world.
如果你把这池子抽干 再从地面跳下去
If you drained this pool and jumped into it from the top,
近三秒后才能落地
it would take nearly 3 seconds before you would hit the bottom.
地表下100米是政府倾倒核废料的密集区
100 meters down is the usual distance that governments bury their nuclear waste at,
就在这个深度略下的105.5米处 是世界上最深的地铁站——基辅地铁站所在
and just beneath that at 105.5 meters down is the deepest metro station in the world, located in Kiev.
再深入至122米 这是已知的植物根系所抵达的最深处
Moving on to 122 meters down and we see the deepest known point that a plant’s roots have ever reached-
——一棵南非的无花果树根系达到了这个深度
– a fig tree in South Africa.
在220米深处 你将看到世界上最深的河流——非洲刚果河的河床
220 meters down and we arrive at the deepest river in the world – the Congo River in Africa.
继续深入至240米是世界上最深的铁路
Beyond that at 240 meters,
——日本连接本州和北海道两岛的铁道
you can ride through the deepest railway tunnel in the world that connects the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido.
有趣的是 世界上最深的公路——挪威隧道 比它还深37米
But at 287 metres down, you can drive through the deepest road tunnel in the world in Norway
B82穿透性核弹头对在305米深处的物体仍有杀伤力
305 meters down and you would still be vulnerable to the B82 Earth-penetrating nuclear warhead
它可以摧毁此深度以上至地表的一切物体
which can destroy structures up to this depth beneath the surface.
而更不可思议的是 人类手工挖掘的最深井有392米之深
Incredibly though at 392 meters, we arrive at the deepest well and possibly deepest hole ever dug by hand.
人称伍丁迪恩水井 它位于英国 于1862年挖成 这可能是人类一己之力所达的最深处了
This is the Woodingdean Water Well in the UK and it was dug all the way back in 1862.
在603米深处 出现了一个不得了的地形
At 603 meters down,we arrived at something terrifying-
——最深的洞穴垂直断面所在
– the deepest vertical drop inside of a cave.
如果你不幸来到这个洞穴 又不幸地跌落其中
If you were unfortunate enough to be in this cave and fall down this hole,
你的体验将胜过从纽约世贸大厦尖顶上掉落
the fall would be higher up than falling from the top of the One World Trade Center in New York
而这一跤你得摔11秒多
and the fall would take you over 11 seconds before hitting the bottom.
再深一点 700米深处 智利矿工于2010年曾在此被困69天
Even further down though at 700 meters is where the Chilean miners were trapped at for 69 days back in 2010.
970米深处 是目前最深的能见天日的洞
970 meters down is the deepest hole ever dug that still has an open sky above it –
——犹他州宾汉露天峡谷铜矿所在
– the Bingham Canyon open pit mine in Utah.
它深到把世界上最高的楼放在其中心
This pit is so deep that you could place the tallest building in the entire world in the center
还要再向上百余米才能到达地表
and still have over 100 more meters to the surface.
在比这深很多的1410米深处
Much further down at 1,410 meters though
芬兰乐队“Agonizer”曾举办了所在地最深的音乐会
is where the deepest concert ever held happened by the band, ‘Agonizer’ in Finland
1642米深处是地球上最深的湖泊
1642 meters down is the depth of the deepest lake on Earth-
——俄罗斯贝加尔湖所在
– Lake Baikal in Russia,
再向下至1857米 就是美国大峡谷的最深处
and 1857 meters down is the deepest part of the Grand Canyon.
地球上已知的最深的洞穴则在格鲁吉亚境内 直达地下2197米深处
The deepest known cave on Earth is located 2,197 meters beneath the surface in Georgia
可是你能达到的最深的地方其实要
but the deepest hole that you could actually fall into goes
一直
waaaaay
下降到远深于此的地方
deeper than even this-
一路向下直到3132米深处 就是南非摩狎“Khotsong”矿井底部
– All the way down at 3,132 meters is the bottom of the Moab Khotsong mineshaft in South Africa.
乘矿井电梯到底部需要4.5秒
Taking the elevator takes 4 1/2 minutes to reach the bottom
但如果你不慎从顶部跌落
but if you fell into it from the top,
还有足足25秒来思考人生
it would take you 25 entire seconds for you to hit the bottom and think about what you’ve just done-
跌落时间差不多够打一次电话了
– long enough to receive and miss an entire phone call.
再深到3600米处 是目前发现有多细胞生物生存的临界深度
Even further down at 3,600 meters is the deepest point that a multicellular organism has been found alive-
就是这种奇怪的海底蠕虫
– this freaky looking worm.
但人类达到的深度还要更深一些
But human beings themselves have been even deeper than this.
地处南非的一个矿井堪称地球最深井——最深处达到了4000米深
4,000 meters down is the deepest part of the deepest mine on Earth, also located in South Africa.
完整地从地表下到矿井底要一个多小时
The trip from the surface down to the bottom takes over an hour to complete
并且底部气温将达到难以忍受的66摄氏度
and the temperature at the bottom can reach a sweltering 66 degrees Celsius.
6000米是海床以下的海洋地壳的平均深度
6000 meters is the average depth of the oceanic crust beneath the ocean floor.
再一直
Waaaaay
向下至8848米 就是把珠穆朗玛峰压进地里达到的深度
down at 8,848 meters is the height of Mount Everest if it were placed underground instead
海洋最深处是马里亚纳海沟底部——达到了10994米深
10,994 meters down is the bottom of the Marianas Trench, which is the deepest part of the ocean.
我已在另一个视频中讲过海洋的深度
I already covered the depth of the ocean in another video
但令人难以置信的是 人类的足迹所至之处比这深得多
but unbelievably humans have actually dug down significantly deeper than even this.
为了让大家明白之后的深度有多么惊人
For reference about what’s next,
我们给一些参考值 11887米是商务飞机航行的平均高度
11887 meters is the average altitude that a commercial airliner flies at,
但科洛的超级地上凿洞的深度比那个高度还深——12262米
but deeper than that at 12,262 meters is the depth of the Kola Superdeep Borehole:
前苏联曾以此工程企图钻穿地壳
A project where the Soviet Union attempted to drill all the way through the Earth’s crust.
但他们只钻通了地壳的三分之一 因为仅仅这个深度的气温就已达到了180摄氏度
They only reached a third of the way there though because the temperature at this depth reached 180 degrees Celsius,
钻井机因过热而停机
which was too hot for the drill to continue operating any further.
所幸这个洞口直径只有23厘米 所以别担心会掉进去啦
The hole is also only 23 centimeters wide, so luckily you can’t accidentally fall into it.
如果你从底部四分之一处自由下落 也要50秒才触底
If you dropped a quarter down the shaft though, it would take about 50 seconds before it hit the bottom.
最近 这个纪录又被“Z44-Chavyo”油气井打破
Recently, however, this depth has been surpassed by the Z44-Chavyo oil and gas well
它一直深入至地下12376米
which has drilled down to a depth of 12,376 meters –
这个深度相当于十五座迪拜塔叠起来的高度
– that’s the equivalent of stacking 15 Burj Khalifas on top of each other
这就是人类目前所挖的最深的洞了
and currently represents the deepest hole that humanity has ever dug.
但是 地壳可以延伸至地下70千米
The crust, however, can extend down to 70,000 meters below the Earth’s surface
地心则在地下
and the planets center is located 6,731
6731千米
kilooometers
的深处
down.
如果说 地表是葡萄牙里斯本 地心是哈萨克斯坦阿萨塔纳
If the surface of the Earth is Lisbon, Portugal and the planet’s center is Astana, Kazakhstan,
那么人类所探索到的深度仅仅是
then humanity so far has just ventured
这段
this
一丁点儿大的
tiny
不足称道的
insignificant
距离
distance.
以前很多观众问过我:你是用什么软件制作这些视频的呢?在哪儿学着使用呢?
A lot of you have asked me before: What software I use to create these videos with and how I learned to do it.
我大多数时候是用Adobe的软件 比如After Effects和Photoshop
I mostly use Adobe After Effects and Adobe Photoshop
至于学习使用方法 我都是通过网上的辅导教程自学的
and I taught myself how to use both of them by watching tutorial videos online.
我没有在大学学习过动画制作
I never went to college for animation,
但如今 几乎每件事都可以在网上找到自学的教程
but you can teach yourself almost anything online today
Skillshare社区就是这样一个不错的网站 站上还有十分专业而易懂的课程
and Skillshare is a perfect place to do that, with truly professional and easily understandable classes.
Skillshare是一个面向开发者的网上学习社区
Skillshare is an online learning community for creators
站上有16000余项课程 涵盖了动画制作 平面设计 网游设计 摄影
with over 16,000 classes in animation, graphic design, video game design, photography,
以及其它众多的主题
and many other subjects.
你可以在此上课甚至教课 也可以以10美元每月起步的价格
You can take classes or even teach classes yourself and premium memberships begin
开通会员 以获得所有课程的无限制使用权
at around $10 a month for unlimited access to all of their courses.
但通过该链接注册的前500名用户可以获得两个月的免费试用权
But the first 500 people to sign up with this link will get a 2 month free trial.
在接下来的两个月里 你可以快速学会一项新技能 为你打开新天地提供一些帮助
In those next two months, you could easily learn a new skill that could help you start a new business
或者仅仅是像我一样爱好性地开一个新频道
or hobby just like I did with launching this channel.
最近你有没有搁置下一些计划 有没有一直相实现的目标
What skill have you been putting off learning recently and what goal have you been wanting to complete?
但却不确定自己是否有能力去实现?
but aren’t sure you have the proper skills yet to achieve it?
何不现在开始努力 通过链接注册一个Skillshare帐号呢?反正试用是免费的
Why shouldn’t you start now and sign up to Skillshare using the link below? It’s free to try it out
试试也不会失去什么 说不定还能学到一些有发展前景的技能
so you have nothing to lose and a potential new life skill to gain.
如果你觉得这个视频不错 我也希望你能给我的视频点个赞同或者给予支持
If you enjoyed the video that you just watched, then I hope that you’ll subscribe to my channel here
也别忘了持续关注新发布的视频哦~
and don’t forget to hit the bell for updated videos.
如果你想直接提供支持 你也可以点击此处访问我的众筹 同时为以后的话题投票
You can visit my Patreon by clicking here if you’d like to directly support the channel and vote on future video topics
下周五的视频上再会~
And I hope to see you next Friday for another new video then.

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视频概述

本视频介绍了人类迄今对地壳的切身探索的历程与前景

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Eicmly

审核员

M

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E39GIysMevQ

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