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雨林深处藏着什么? – 译学馆
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雨林深处藏着什么?

What’s Hiding Deep Within The Rainforest?

嘿 你好 欢迎来到《Life Loggin 》
当我披着毯子坐在火炉边
As I sit here wrapped up in blankets by the fire,
喝着热可可时
drinking hot cocoa,
我的思绪飘到了那些更暖更绿的地方
my mind wanders to warmer, greener places —
热带雨林和海洋
tropical lands with rainforests and oceans
充满神奇的生物
filled with incredible creatures.
我们已经聊过深海里的潜伏者
We ’ ve already talked about what ’ s lurking deep in the sea,
但雨林里隐藏了什么生物
but what ’ s hiding in the rainforest?
雨林覆盖了地表6%的面积
Rainforests cover 6 % of the planet,
世界上50%的物种都生活在这里
50 % of the world ’ s species live rainforests
这里也有很多奇特的生物
and there are some weird creatures out there.
这是种林鸱
This is the Potoo bird.
这种生活在美洲中南部的鸟类
These Central and South American rainforest birds
拥有巨大的嘴和凸出的黄色眼睛
have huge mouths and bulging yellow eyes.
没错 它们就是这幅模样
Yes, they really look like this.
这样引人注目的生物是怎么在热带雨林生存下来的
How could something this attention grabbingsurvive in the rainforest?
噢 这就是原因
Oh, that’s how.
这种夜行性鸟类在白天
These nocturnal birds seemingly transform themselves
把自己变成了树桩和树枝
into tree stumps and branches during the day.
两者完全融合在一起
They blend right in!
它们的天敌 比如猴子和猎鹰
Their predators, like monkeys and falcons,
把它们灰色 褐色 黑色的羽毛
mistake the birds grey, brown and black feathers
误认为是树皮 从而发现不了它们
for tree bark and leave them alone.
好了 这种小家伙很可爱
Ok, that little guy was cute,
但有些雨林生物能成为你的噩梦
but some other creatures in the rainforest could haunt your worst nightmares.
来见识见识牙签鱼
Meet the Candiru fish.
这种亚马孙鱼类只有几厘米长
This Amazonian fish may only be a few centimeters long
但破坏力可不小
but it can do some serious damage.
这种寄生吸血小生物以捕食大鱼而闻名
This parasitic little sucker is known to prey on larger fish,
它们强行进入大鱼的鳃里面
forcing itself into their gills.
然后 它们的刺像伞一样打开
Then, the Candiru ’ s spine opens like an umbrella,
勾住大鱼的鳃
locking the fish inside,
从大鱼的动脉里吸食血液
allowing it to feast on blood from the hosts arteries.
传说这种鱼可以游进
Legend says that these fish swim up the urethra
在亚马逊河流游泳的人的尿道而不被发现
of unsuspecting people bathing in the Amazon River.
一旦它入侵那里 据说 它就会吃掉……
Once it’s up there, it’s said to eat…
噢 好了 不说了
Oh, ok, you know what? Never mind.
你可以猜到接下来会发生的事
You can probably guess what happens next.
来说说不那么恐怖的东西吧
On to something less horrifying,
马来犀鸟
the Rhinoceros Hornbill!
人们经常在东南亚的雨林发现它们
This incredible bird is found mostly in SoutheastAsian rainforests.
这种第二喙实际上是空的 用来吸引异性
That second-beak looking thing is actually hollow and used to attract mates.
马来犀鸟实行一夫一妻制
Rhinoceros hornbills are monogamous,
它们找到伴侣后
so when they find a partner,
就会相伴一生
they mate for life.
在找到它们的亲密爱人之后
After finding their sweetheart,
雌性在大树洞里产下蛋
the female lays her eggs in a big hole inside a tree.
两只相爱的鸟一起用鸟粪和水果混合而成的泥糊
The two lovebirds then seal the mom and the eggs
把鸟妈妈和蛋宝宝封在洞里面
inside by covering the hole with a paste made of feces and fruit.
啊 真是浪漫啊
Ah, how romantic.
大约75天后
About 75 days later,
鸟妈妈和鸟宝宝冲破洞口的泥糊
the mom and chicks burst through the seal
准备探索现实世界了
ready to explore the real world.
我们谈的是入口 哈
Talk about an entrance.
最后说说秘鲁和菲律宾雨林的造假蜘蛛
Last up are the decoy-building spiders in the Peruvian and Philippine rainforests.
这种蜘蛛比人的小拇指指甲还小
These tiny spiders can be smaller than your pinky nail
但它们却有做出相当诡异的东西的能力
but they ’ re capable of some pretty creepy stuff.
它们利用树叶 死去的昆虫 甚至自己的皮肤
They craft huge replicas of themselves in webs using leaves,
在网上复制出一个巨大的自己
dead insects and even their own skin.
这可相当地重口味
and that is pretty hardcore.
然后当有东西过来时
Then the real spider hides and shakes the webs
真正的蜘蛛躲起来摇晃着蛛网
to make it look like the decoy spider is moving
造成假蜘蛛正在移动的印象
when something comes along!
这被认为是一种防御机制 用来吓退天敌
It ’ s thought to be a defense mechanism used to scare away predators.
雨林里面充满了神奇的生物
The rainforest is filled with amazing living things
但据专家称 每天有137种物种灭绝
but experts say we ’ re losing 137 species every day.
是的 你没听错
You heard that right.
雨林需要人类的帮助
The rainforests need our help,
人类也离不开雨林
and humans need theirs too.
20%的氧气由亚马逊热带雨林制造
The Amazon alone produces 20 % of our oxygen
人类每年产生的二氧化碳
and forests around the world absorb nearly
约40%被全球森林吸收
40% of the CO2 humans produce every year.
所以 没错
Sooo, yeah.
我们最好解决这个问题
We better figure this out
否则 地球上二氧化碳多而氧气少
or we ’ re gon na have a lot more CO2 and a lot less oxygen
并且像这类小家伙一样有趣的动物更少
and also a lot less fun animals like thislittle guy.
我要叫你(林鸱)Sqwako
I’m gonna name you Sqwako.
接下来有什么其它动物你们想看的?
Are there any other animals you want to see us cover next?
在下方的评论区写下来
Let us know in the comments section below.
如果喜欢这个视频
And if you enjoyed this video,
你绝对想看看我们的这个视频《深海之下有什么》
you’re definitely gonna want to watch our video we did on What’s Hiding Deep Within The Ocean.
这里有大量恐怖的生物 它们的眼睛跟盘子一样大
These are massive terrifying creatures with eyes the size of dinner plates
身长超过校车
and lengths greater than a school bus and
当它们吃东西时
and when it’s time for them to eat,
它们用两根长长的触手捕食猎物
they capture their prey with their too long feeding tentacles,
把猎物送到嘴边
bringing it in towards their beak.
我是Bloko 这里是《Life Noggin》
My name is Bloko, this has been Life Noggin.
别忘了坚持思考
Don’t forget to keep on thinking.

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视频概述

神奇的生物,它们就在雨林等着你去发现。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2P6dG-csseU

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