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如果隐形传送成为现实会怎么样? – 译学馆
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如果隐形传送成为现实会怎么样?

What Would Happen To Immigration If Teleportation Existed?

我们生活在一个出行比以前更便宜
We live in a time when travel has become cheaper and
更便捷的时代
more convenient than ever before.
有数千个目的地之间的长途飞行
Long haul flights between thousands of destinations,
有高铁 汽车 出租车和网约车等
high-speed rail, cars, taxis and Uber…
多种出行方式可供人们选择
travel solutions for everyone.
一百年前 从纽约到伦敦坐蒸汽船
A hundred years ago it would take three to five days
需要三至五天的时间
to travel from New York to London by steam ship,
但只适用于最有钱的人
but it was only available to the richest of people.
现在你可以乘飞机
Today you can fly,
只需五小时就能到达 还有经济舱到豪华舱的选择
and it takes just 5 hours with options from economy to luxury and
随着伊隆·马斯克给大众带来了火箭引擎
with Elon Musk bringing rocket power to the masses,
未来旅途时间可能很快会变得更短
future travel times could soon become even shorter.
那出行到底可以变得多便捷呢?
So how quick and convenient can travel really become?
如果你收拾行李去度假
What if you were able to pack your bags for the holidays
拿上沙滩毛巾和太阳镜
grab the beach towel and sunglasses,
然后一眨眼的功夫就能到达目的地 那会怎样?
and a split-second later arrive at your destination?
这就是我们今天在本期的
That’s what we’ll be exploring today,
信息图节目中要探讨的话题
in this episode of the Infographics Show,
如果我们发明了隐形传送会怎样呢?
What If We Invented Teleportation?
隐形传送是把一个物理对象
Teleportation is the process of relocating a physical object
在不触碰它
from one place to another,
也不直接用任何机械装置的情况下
without touching it in anyway,
从一个地方转移到另一个地方的过程
or using any mechanical device directly.
最有可能实现隐形传送的方法是
The most likely way for this to happen would be
通过物质实体被非物质化后消失
by the physical body being dematerialized and disappearing
然后在另一个地方被重组和再现
before being reconstructed and reappearing
而且所有过程都在瞬间完成
in a different place, all in an instant.
就像《星际迷航》中
Just like in Star Trek –
那句让人们一下就能联想到这部流行电视连续剧的经典台词:
“Beam me up, Scotty” is the catchphrase that people associate
“斯科迪 传送我上去”
with the popular TV series.
在原剧中 这句话是每当舰长詹姆斯•科克
It was used in the original series as a command
需要被传送回企业号星际航舰时
given by Captain James T. Kirt to his chief engineer
给总工程师蒙哥马利•斯科特
Montgomery Scott or”Scotty”,
又名“斯科迪” 下达的命令
when he needed to be transported back to the Starship Enterprise.
科克随后就会被传送回航舰
Kirk would then be teleported back to his ship.
想象一下 现在我们就可以用到这种技术
Let’s imagine for a minute that it was available to all of us today.
你的生活会有怎样的改变呢?
How would your life change?
你可以早上起床后
Well, you could get up in the morning,
隐形传送去中国上班
teleport to China for work,
中午去墨西哥会友 一起吃烤肉午餐
go to Mexico City to meet a friend for some fajitas over lunch,
下午去悉尼 在客户的办公室开二十分钟商务会
head to a client’s office in Sydney for a 20 minute afternoon business meeting,
下了班去巴黎喝些啤酒
to Paris for beers after work,
或者约上你的另一半在威尼斯享受一顿晚餐
maybe your partner could join you in Venice for dinner,
然后回家 这一天圆满结束
before heading home at the end of your day.
听上去很棒吧
Sounds pretty awesome, eh?
即时出行还会改变许多其他的事情
And many other things would also change with instant travel.
人在泰国能叫纽约最好的披萨外卖
A person sitting in Thailand could order the best take away pizza from New York City and
几分钟就能送到
have it delivered within minutes.
远距离恋爱会成为历史
Long distance relationships would become a thing of the past
你可以约任何国家的任何人
and you could date any person, in any country, around the world.
而且我们可以解决城市拥挤问题
And we could solve the issue of overcrowding in cities,
因为所有人都能想住哪里就住哪里
because everyone would be able to live wherever they wanted to.
那是种听上去好得不真实的生活方式
It’s a lifestyle that sounds too good to be true.
当然 这想象的现实会有一些缺点
Surely there would be some downsides to this imaginative reality.
在1986年的电影《苍蝇》中
In the 1986 movie, The Fly,
由杰夫·高布伦饰演的科学家
a scientist played by actor Jeff Goldblum,
创造了一个传送装置 然后决定用自己做实验 检测它的功能
creates a teleportation device and decides to test its abilities on himself.
但他并不知道
But unbeknown to him,
在传送过程中一只苍蝇飞进了装置舱
a housefly slips in to the device during the process.
这导致了人类与昆虫类的结合
This leads to a merger of man and insect,
创造出一个可怕的苍蝇人连体怪物
creating a terrifying human/fly monster combo.
然而 这种传送技术如果在现实世界中真实存在的话
However if this transporting technology existed in the real world,
那么苍蝇并不是我们会担心的问题
then a fly would be the least of our issues.
根据《探索杂志》的文章:
According to Discovery Magazine,
“因为我们的身体生长着九十万亿左右的微生物
“We share our bodies harmoniously with 90 trillion or so microbes,
所以传送结果会是一个外貌非常奇怪的多类生物
so the transported result would be a very strange looking multi being.
另一个问题就是
Another issue is that
我们的身体被瞬间传输到另一个地方时
to instantaneously transport from one place to another,
必须先转变成能量
our bodies would need to become energy
然后再回到实体状态
and then go back to solid matter.
即使我们把现在所有能用的计算机存储空间都合并起来
Even if we combined the storages of every computer available today,
也只能存储 组建一个人所需数据的一小部分”
that would hold just a fraction of the data that makes up one human being’
这是加州理工学院物理学家菲利普·霍普金斯在杂志中所说的
says Caltech physicist Philip Hopkins.
而且能量本身也不可小觑
And the energy itself isn’t anything to scoff at either.
他提到:“那就像在一个地方发射所有
He says, “ It would be like launching all
俄美拥有的核武器并试图控制它一样”
of the US’s and Russia’s nukes in one spot and trying to contain it.”
而且随之而来的还有知觉意识问题
And then there’s the question of consciousness.
即使有足够的能量和数据存储
Even if there was enough energy and data storage,
还有能够阻止身体与微生物及细菌
and we had a device that could stop you merging with
结合的装置
the microbes and bacteria on your body,
你的知觉意识会有什么结果呢?
where would your consciousness end up?
会在新的目的地被物质化吗
Would it materialize at the new destination?
还是会像羽毛一样飘走
or float away like a feather, leaving you
让你像毫无意识的僵尸一样
to be stranded zombie-like with a mind floating elsewhere.
想象一下所有这些问题都可以解决的话
Let ’ s imagine for a minute that all of these things had solutions,
那然后呢
what then?
完全只是飞机航行 度假和随意居住的问题吗?
Would it all be plane sailing? Holidays and living wherever we wanted to?
如果短期来看 最重要的负面影响就是体现在经济方面
One major negative effect, if only short-term, would be on the economy.
航空公司 火车 公交 出租
Airlines, trains, buses, taxis,
和几乎全部运输服务行业都会破产
and nearly all transportation services would go out of business.
还有数以千计相关的生产和服务行业
As well the thousands of manufacturing and services companies that support them.
随后就是邮政 船运和快递公司
Then there’s postal, shipping and courier companies,
例子不胜枚举
the list goes on.
许多人会失业
Many people would find themselves out of work.
然后还有旅行用不用护照的难题
Then there’s complication with passports or traveling without them,
出入境管理及安检会陷入混乱的问题
border crossings and security, which would be put in to disarray.
毒贩的生意在隐形传送时代可能
A drug trafficker could have a very fast growing business,
很快就会越做越大
in the age of teleportation.
所以 隐形传送有好处也有坏处
So there are pluses and minuses to teleportation,
这都是非常有趣的想象
and this is all very fun to imagine,
你一定会问 这究竟有无可能发生呢?
but will it ever be possible, I hear you asking.
我们看了一些科学期刊 寻找答案
We took a look at a few science journals to see what we could find out,
我们读到了被叫做量子隐形传送的过程
and we came across a process called quantum teleportation.
量子指的是原子和亚原子粒子
Quantum refers to the smallest scales of energy levels
能级的最小尺度
of atoms and subatomic particles, and
量子隐形传送是一个过程
quantum teleportation is a process by which information
是这些微小粒子的状态信息
about the state of these tiny particles
从一个位置被传输到另一个位置的过程
can be transmitted from one location to another.
这种量子信息传输
This quantum information transfer has been
在地球和卫星之间一直成功地进行着
successfully carried out between earth and a satellite in space.
但还没到可以卖掉你的公交卡的时候呢
But don’t go trading in your bus pass just yet.
把同样的规则运用到大型物体上根本没那么简单
Applying these same rules to large objects is not at all straightforward,
即使科学能做到这点
and even if science does manage to do it,
它很有可能要等到你孙子的孙子
it will more likely be your grandchildren’s grandchildren
那代人才能体验到隐形传送
who are around to experience teleportation.
当隐形传送最终实现的时候
When teleportation does ultimately happen,
我们的日常生活方式 势必会改变
it’s sure to change a lot about the way we live our day to day lives.
你能想到其他很棒的隐形传送应用吗
Can you think of other awesome applications of teleportation?
如果你家里有一部传送装置 你会如何使用呢
How would you use a teleportation device if you had one at home?
请留言告诉我们
Let us know in the comments!
还有 一定要观看我们另外一个视频
Also, be sure to check out our other video
叫做《为什么宇航员能体验空间青春期》
called Why do Astronauts Experience Space Puberty!
谢谢收看
Thanks for watching,
和往常一样 别忘记点击喜欢 分享和订阅
and as always, don’t forget to like, share and subscribe.
下期见
See you next time!

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视频概述

信息图节目本期内容:什么是隐形传送 它会给我们的生活方式带来怎样的变化

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cOFbsxEgFj0

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