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突然忘了一个词怎么说该怎么办

What to do when you can't remember a word

口语考试中 当你不知道某个单词时 该怎么做
Hi! Have you ever been in a situation
你有没有遇到过这种情况
where you couldn’t remember the word you wanted?
想说的词却不记得该怎么说了
Don’t worry!
不要担心
it happens to everyone even native speakers
这事常有发生 即使是在母语者身上
and in the speaking exam
并且在口语考试中
when you may be nervous and stressed it can be even worse
当你紧张而有压力时 这种情况会更糟
so here are four things you can do to communicate when you dont know or cant remember a word in English
当交谈时 不知道或忘了某词用英语怎么说时 可从以下四点入手
1 通用词
The first technique is to find a more general word or explain the word.
第一种方法是找更常用的词替代或解释这个词
For example, if you can’t remember the word ‘ surgeon ’,
例如 如果你不记得surgeon这词
you could say ‘ doctor’
你可以用doctor替代
or if you can’t remember the word ‘kitten’
或者如果你记不起kitten这词
you could say ‘baby cat’.
你可以说baby cat
2 用途
Describing the purpose of an item in a sentence can also be useful.
用句子来描述一个物品的用途同样也很有效
If you don’t know the word ‘scissors’,
如果你不知道scissors的意思
you could say ‘ They are used to cut paper
你可以说“它们是用来剪纸的”
’ or ‘ They’re used for cutting paper ’.
或者说“它们的作用是剪纸”
This works best for nouns.
这种用法对名词来说特别有效
3 同义词和反义词
For nouns and adjectives, you can use synonyms.
对于名词和形容词 你可以使用同义词
synonym are simply two words mean the same or how very similar meaning
同义词是指两个词意思相同或非常相近
For example, ‘clever’
例如 ‘clever’
is a synonym for ‘ intelligent ’,
就是intelligent的同义词
and ‘ stone’ is a synonym for ‘ rock ’.
stone是rock的同义词
Antonyms are opposite words.
反义词是意思相反的词汇
You can often describe an adjective using the opposite adjective.
你通常可用形容词的反义词去描述这个词
if you can’t remember the word ‘ old’
例如 如果你记不起单词old
you could say ‘ not young ’, for example
你可以用‘不年轻’来表达
4 Approximations
4 大概含义
One more technique to use when you can ’ t remember a word is approximations.
当你想不起某词时 还有一种方法是解释大意
You can say ‘it’s like a house’or
描述平房时 你可以说“这算是一种房子”
it is kind of a house with only one floor’ when you’re trying to describe a bungalow.
或者“这是一种只有一层楼的房子”
Remember you can always use more than one of these language techniques at once.
记住 你可以一次使用多种方法
So if you cant remember the word for ‘ office block ’,
所以如果你不记得office block这词组
you could say ‘ it’s a kind of tall building where people go to work at desks ’.
你可以说 它是带有办公区域的高大建筑
Tips
小窍门
1 用通用词替换或解释这个词
2 描述下名词的用途
3 使用同义词或反义词
4用类似的意思去解释

For more tips on learning English and preparing for your exam,
想知道更多英语学习和备考方面的技巧
subscribe to our channel and visit the LearnEnglish Teens website
订阅我们的频道 也可以访问Learn English Teens网站
where you will find loads more learning material to help you improve your English!
里面有更多的学习资料来帮助你提升英语

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视频概述

当突然忘了某词用英语怎么说时,可以用以下四种方法去表达

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翻译译者

ID436706

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审核员JW

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5OvDv-RoBZw

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