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电影中的恐怖效果是如何营造出来的? – 译学馆
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电影中的恐怖效果是如何营造出来的?

What Makes a Movie Scary?

[令人害怕的背景音乐]
*Menacing music*
[男孩尖叫]
*Boy screams*
[怪兽尖叫]
*Monster screams*
欢迎收看《Now You See It》
Welcome to Now You See It.
[尖叫]
*screaming*
恐怖电影里的有效镜头 需要极度精准的电影剪辑和摄像角度
An effective moment in a scary movie requires extremely precise editing and camera direction
才能变得真正的吓人
to actually be scary.
我发现最近影院上映的一部叫做《关灯以后》的电影
I found a cool case study to outline this idea
是概述这一观点的很棒的例子
in a movie currently out in theaters called’Lights Out’.
这部电影改编自同名短片
The movie’s based off of a short film
运用了大致相同的概念 并由同一导演指导
with the same name, general concept, and director.
有趣的是
What’s interesting is
这部电影和短片有一个镜头基本一样
that the movie and the short film have a moment that’s basically the same,
但我认为有一个要更加恐怖
but I think one is much scarier than the other
你怎么看?
But what do you think?
让我们来看这两个吓人的镜头
Let’s look at both scary moments,
并比较哪一个更好
and see which one is done better.
让我们先从电影开始:
Let’s start with the movie:
现在是短片:
Now the short film:
所以 哪个更吓人?
So, which one’s scarier?
我猜你会选短片 但是为什么呢?
My guess is you picked the short film, but why?
让我们来看看
Let’s take a look
短片是如何完美运用大量的吓人技巧的
at how the short film perfectly uses many horror techniques,
电影虽然大致相似 却没有做到这一点
while the movie, despite being so similar, doesn’t.
我认为最重要的差别是在于开关电源的时间长短
I think the most important difference is the length of the clip.
电影这部分的片段实际上选自预告片
The movie clip is actually from the trailer,
因为它还在上映
because the movie’s still in theaters.
预告片的剪辑部分让这段开关片段大致不超过四秒
The trailer cut makes the movie clip about four seconds shorter.
在这四秒中 短片要多一次灯光的闪烁
In those four seconds the short film has an extra flicker of the lights.
每多加一秒
With each added second is a
就多了更多悬疑色彩在这恐怖镜头中
lot more suspense added to the scary moment,
所以当画面突转 鬼影闪动
so when the pattern suddenly changes, and the ghost moves,
这会变得更吓人
it’s that much more startling.
如果说你想要用小丑的把戏来吓唬观众
Let’s say you want to scare the audience with a clown attack.
你会怎么做?
How do you do it?
是让小丑一动不动地坐在那里 持续三十秒
Do you let the clown sit, motionless, for thirty long seconds,
而我们别无选择只能克服不适 紧盯着它?
while we have no choice but to uncomfortably stare at it?
然后突然间 又让它消失
And then all of a sudden, it’s gone.
或者每次只给小丑几秒钟的镜头
Or do you show the clown for a few seconds at a time,
不做任何铺垫和衔接
and throw in a couple random jump scares
就随机穿插几个怪物突然跳出来的镜头
with no build-up or continuity?
这是对于
It’s making the choice
一个实打实的大惊吓和一连串你还能接受的小惊吓之间的选择
between one really big scare or a bunch of little ok scares;
哪种镜头带来的结果更好?
which moment builds up the payoff better?
两部镜头的另一个差别是
Another difference in the two moments is
短片镜头效果十分有力
that the short film has a very powerful shot right here.
它是通过鬼的视角
It’s from the creature’s point of
来看这个女人
view as it looks towards the woman,
就像一个捕食者正要悄悄靠近它的猎物
like a predator stalking it’s prey.
这个女人在这个镜头下显得弱小又无力
This shot makes the woman look small and powerless.
这个镜头算是恐怖片的惯用手法
This is a shot we’re all familiar with in horror movies.
通过展示人物被某种奇形怪兽所注视着 来增加悬疑色彩
It adds suspense by showing a character being watched by the monster.
而电影这段开关镜头不足的是
The problem with the movie clip is it just switches
只是将镜头从女人的反应切换到怪物而已
from her reaction to a shot of the monster,
这就不如转换视角的镜头来的恐怖
and it’s not as menacing as the point-of-view shot. Finally,
最后 在电影里他们是在什么地方?一个仓库?
where are they in the movie? A warehouse?
在电影中并没有详细说明
It’s never fully addressed in the movie,
这也使得这个镜头减少了吓人的感觉
and it makes the moment less scary
因为我们不熟悉这个地方
because we’re unfamiliar with the location.
恐怖片的一大组成要素就是
A big component of many horror films is that these monsters,
怪兽 连环杀手 或者超自然生物
or serial killers, or supernatural beings
侵入了我们原本以为安全的地方
invade places where we thought we were safe.
这才是令我们害怕的地方
That’s what makes it scary.
[电话里警察的声音]“我们追踪了这个电话 它就在这个房子里”
*policeman on phone*:”We’ve traced the call, it’s coming from inside the house!”
“我们的警车现在已经开往那里 你们现在就撤离那座房子”
*cont.*:”Our squad cars are heading over there right now, just get out of that house!”
房子被别人侵入的确是生活中一大恐惧
Home invasion is a real life fear,
当我们穿着睡衣 准备上床时
and when we’re in our pajamas, heading to bed,
这是我们最脆弱的时候
that’s when we’re at our most vulnerable.
这个短片利用了这想法 所以它是真的吓人
The short film really capitalizes on this idea, and it’s genuinely scary.
在电影里 我们可以看到一个未知生物
In the movie, we see an unfamiliar monster
出现在一个我们不熟悉的地方
in a place we’re already unfamiliar with,
所以它并没有那么吓人
so it’s not as scary.
我认为 以上就是三点主要的不同
Those are the three main differences, I think,
但是你可以更深入地挖掘
but you could go even deeper.
首先 在短片中
For one thing, in the short film,
那个女人一直位于镜头中的亮处
the lady is always bright in the shot,
当我们看到鬼的时候 也可以很清楚地看见她
so it seems more menacing when we can see her clearly
因此会更吓人
while also seeing the ghost.
在电影里 当鬼影可见时
In the movie, when the ghost is visible,
那个女人我们是看不清楚的
the lady can’t really be seen,
所以我们感觉她好像远离了怪兽和威胁
so she seems more removed from the monster and the threat.
我认为 背景中周围的嗡嗡声也使得短片更吓人
I also think the ambient hum in the background makes the short film scarier.
以及短片中 那个女人必须穿过有鬼在的走廊
Also the fact that in the short film the lady has to walk
这一情节
through the hallway where the ghost already is.
比那个女人已经站在开关前 要更吓人
That seems scarier than having the lady already at the light switch.
但你意下如何?
But what do you think?
有其他方面使得短片更吓人吗?
Are there any other aspects that make the short film scarier?
还是我有点想太多了?在下方留下你的评论
Am I overthinking something? Leave your comments below.
想要制造一个笑点 需要一个有趣的表演或者卡在点上的剪辑
Getting a laugh requires a funny performance, or a well timed cut.
制造泪点需要个性坚强的角色和完美的电影配乐
Getting people to cry maybe takes strong characters and a gorgeous film score.
想要效果出彩的镜头需要引人入胜的电影拍摄方法
Getting an amazing shot requires compelling cinematography.
但如果想要吓人的效果 你需要一次性全部做到
But to get a scare? You need everything at once.
音乐 剪切点 脚本 演员一切的一切都要共同配合 否则就不会吓人
The music, the timing, the script, the actors: everything has to work together or else it’s not scary.
所以在你睡觉之前 问问自己 最能吓到你的是什么
So before you go to sleep tonight, ask yourself: what scares me the most?
感谢收看
Thanks for watching.
[尖叫]
*screaming*
“凯蒂”
“Kitty!”

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视频概述

制造恐怖效果并不简单 涉及到诸多因素 本片通过对比电影《关灯之后》和短片《关灯》告诉你如何让恐怖片更吓人

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EPRppNlfaX8

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