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导致自杀的因素 – 译学馆
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导致自杀的因素

What Leads To Suicide

来吧!心理学
Psych2Go
据世界卫生组织统计
According to the World Health Organization,
每年约有80万人自杀
roughly 800,000 people commit suicide every year
且自杀未遂的人数更多
along with many more suicide-attempts.
年龄在15~29岁之间的人死于自杀的最多
Suicide is the highest leading cause of death for people 15 to 29 years old,
其次是年龄在15~34岁之间的
second highest among ages 15 to 34
再者是年龄在10~14岁之间的
and third highest among ages 10 to 14.
很多因素会增强自杀的可能性
There are many factors that increase the likelihood of suicide.
其中有三种因素最为常见
Here are the three most common factors.
第一 重性抑郁症
No.1 Major Depression.
重性抑郁症同时影响着人的身体和心理
Major depression affects people both physically and psychologically.
会造成身体的疼痛
It can cause painful body aches
损害受害者洞悉认知解决方案的能力
and impairs the victim’s ability to see cognitive solutions.
认知扭曲会使
This distortion of cognition causes people
自杀的人相信
who commit suicide to believe
没有他们的世界会更美好
the world would be a better place without them.
第二 失去控制
No. 2. Loss of Control
冲动倾向导致失控
Impulsive tendencies leads to a lack of control
而后者则会导致诸如药物滥用等不良行为
resulting in maladaptive behaviors such as substance abuse.
冲动滋生恐惧与焦虑
Impulsivity breeds fear and anxiety
迫使人们相信自杀是终结
which causes people to believe suicide is the only action
不良想法或行为的唯一途径
they can take to put an end to maladaptive thoughts or behaviors.
第三 过度遗憾
No.3. Overwhelming Regrets
绝大多数文明秉信犯错误便意味着失败
Most cultures believe that making a mistake is a sign of failure.
而且有些人还会将所犯的错误埋在心底
Also, some people internalize their mistakes to
并坚信自己不可宽恕
the point of believing they’re beyond forgiveness.
这可能会致使他们相信
This may cause them to believe the only reprimand
可裁决其行为所致后果
that would bring justice to the act
的唯一惩罚方式就是自杀
they committed is suicide.
很多人认为自杀是无意识行为
Many argue that suicide is a senseless act.
但一个人的认知可以
But one’s cognition has the ability to
解释其大部分无意识行为
make sense of the most senseless things,
尤其是当其饱受抑郁和冲动的折磨之时
especially if they have major depression or impulsivity.
在自杀行为出现之前有一个产生消极想法的过程
Prior to the act of suicide there is a process of negative thoughts
表现为身体与心灵的双重痛苦
that manifest in physical and mental pain.
自杀被饱受内疚困扰的人视为一种解脱
The act of suicide is seen as cathartic for people who suffer from guilt.
了解自杀对于自杀者的意义是
Understanding that suicide makes sense to the suicidal person is
确使他们获取帮助的重要步骤
an important step to getting them the help they need.
自杀的重要迹象之一就是畏缩
One Major sign of Suicide is withdrawal.
它与因其自杀想法而产生的羞愧感或相信
Withdrawal can be linked to one feeling shame for thinking about suicide
自己的情感不会被闻知或认可的事实有关
or believing their feelings aren’t being heard or acknowledged.
勿对自杀的迹象表现出歧视或使他们羞愧的反应
Reacting to the signs of suicide without stigma or shame
这会是建立与自杀者的沟通机制以及使其
could be the key to establishing a dialogue with a suicidal person
得到恰当治疗的关键
and getting them the proper treatment.

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