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能怼天怼地的what-about诡辩术

What is whataboutery all about? | A-Z of ISMs Episode 23 - BBC Ideas

The A-Z of ISMs…
以A-Z开头的“主义”-
whataboutism.
what-about诡辩主义
Whataboutism– also known as whataboutery –
what-about诡辩主义 也被称为what-about诡辩术
is a way of criticising and,
是一种批评的方式
in some people’s minds,
而在某些人看来
defeating an opponent by accusing them of hypocrisy.
则是一种以指责对手虚伪来打败对手的方式
What about x,
那X怎么样呢?
what about y?
那Y怎么样呢?
As a political tactic,
作为一种政治手段
it was employed by the Nazis in the 1930s.
纳粹在20世纪30年代使用了what-about诡辩主义
When Nazi Germany was censured for annexing territories in Europe,
当德国纳粹被谴责吞并欧洲的领土时
its officials countered by saying that
德国官员反驳说
Germany was only doing what countries like Britain and France
德国只是正在做 如英法等国
had been doing for centuries in Africa and Asia.
几个世纪以来 对非洲和亚洲所做的事情
The practice was continued by the Soviet Union in the 1950s
在20世纪50年代 苏联继续在人权领域
in the area of human rights.
使用了what-about诡辩主义
Challenged on the murder of Soviet citizens by the state,
当美国质疑苏联谋杀苏联本国公民时
Soviet officials countered by saying that black people were being lynched
苏联官员反驳说 美国每一天都在
every day in the USA.
用私刑处死美国的黑人公民
The term whataboutery was also used in the 1970s in Northern Ireland,
在20世纪70年代 北爱尔兰同样采用这种诡辩术
when Republicans and Loyalists pointed to their own sufferings
当时 北爱尔兰反英和忠英分子 都强调各自的苦难
as a justification for supporting violent action.
借此 作为支持暴力冲突的正当理由
All these instances are dramatic,
所有这些引人注目的事例
but ignore the fact they’re based on an invalid argument –
都忽略了其本身论点站不住脚的事实
the notion that two wrongs make a right.
而这种论点认为 错误加错误 就是正确
Whataboutism is not a useful or logical form of debate,
what-about诡辩主义 不是一种合格的或者合乎逻辑的辩论形式
because it relies on the idea that two wrongs make a right.
因为 其基本理念是 错误加错误 就是正确
And while there is a lot of support for this notion –
尽管 支持这种理念的有不少
see also an eye for an eye –
比如 以眼还眼 以牙还牙
it’s a false analogy.
但是 这种类比是错误的
Doing a bad thing cannot be excused
为做错事情开脱的理由
by the existence of another bad thing.
不应该是另一件已经做错的事情
If I steal your car, you should tell the police.
我要是偷了你的车 你就应该告诉警察
Stealing my car is not an appropriate response.
而不是反过来 偷我的车
Also, it’s generally just an excuse.
而且通常 这只会被认为是个借口
The Nazis didn’t invade Poland as a protest against British imperialism.
不是纳粹反对英国的帝国主义才侵略波兰的
The Soviets didn’t murder their own people
不是苏联回应美国的种族歧视
as a reaction to American racism.
才谋杀苏联本国公民的
You didn’t steal my car because I stole his car.
不是因为我偷了他的车 你就要偷我的车
And so on.
诸如此类
In the last few years, whataboutism has resurfaced,
what-about诡辩主义 最近几年再次出现
partly because it’s easier to point fingers away from yourself than at yourself,
有部分是因为 这种诡辩能更容易转移人们的指责
partly because the internet is not always a place for high-quality debate,
有部分是因为 人们在互联网上的辩论良莠不齐
and partly because there’s always room for one more idiot on the stupid bus.
有部分是因为 愚蠢的世界总是不乏蠢货
Thanks for watching.
谢谢观看
Don’t forget to subscribe and click the bell
记着订阅和点击提醒功能
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以便能收到视频更新的通知
See you again soon!
咱们回头再见

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what-about诡辩术能怼天怼地的,不信?就进来看看吧~

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6WqI16Ppte0

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