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世界上最崇尚和平的宗教是什么?

What Is The World's Most Peaceful Religion?

由于多起伊斯兰极端恐怖主义案例全球非暴力的穆斯林人
Following multiple instances of Islamic extremist terrorism, non-violent Muslims around the
发起了一场“和平宗教”运动为伊斯兰正名
world began a movement to label Islam, “a religion of peace”. Many say that distinct
很多穆斯林教徒声称有一部分穆斯林人主张暴力
segments of the Muslim population advocate violence, but that at its core, Islam encompasses
但伊斯兰教的核心蕴含了和平与反战的思想虽然每一个宗教中都倡导和平
peace and pacifism. Still, although peace is preached in every religion, the manifestation
但有些传教运动时不时体现出暴力与激进
of belief can sometimes be non-peaceful and oppressive. So, what are the world’s most
那么 全世界最和平的宗教有哪些呢
peaceful religions?
世界拥有众多信徒的宗教可分为两类
Well, most of the world’s religious population falls into one of two categories: Western
一是西方亚伯拉罕诸教 二是东方达摩诸教有些学者认为
Abrahamic religions, and Eastern Dharmic religions. Problematically, some scholars argue that
西方三大宗教 基督教 伊斯兰教和犹太教都有内在的暴力性质
all three major Western religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, are inherently violent.
由于他们都属于一神论 具有排他性非教徒者被直接地认定为与教条不合
As they are all monotheistic and exclusive, nonbelievers are directly and implicitly considered
尽管教义传扬和平 但历史上仍有无数
at odds with religious doctrine. Despite preaching peace, numerous acts of violence have been
以上帝 真主和耶和华之名发起的暴力事件
committed in the name of God, Allah, and Yahweh throughout history.
它违反了达摩教的教义 主要的东方宗教
That leaves the Dharmic faiths. These are predominantly Eastern religions such as Hinduism,
如锡克教 佛教 耆那教 印度教 都认为是反对暴力的宗教
Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jain·ism. Hinduism has long been identified as non-violent, largely
大多是因为受了和平主义者圣人甘地的影响
due to the influence of the pacifist Mahatma Gandhi. However, even within the religion,
但是这些宗教也会使用暴力来保护个人或国家
violence may be used to protect oneself or one’s country. One Hindu god states that
印度神认为必要时暴力可以维护正义这和精神生活并不冲突
violence is necessary in the defense of justice, and does not conflict with a spiritual life.
甚至甘地自己也被一个印度教徒所刺杀锡克教有个共识
And even Gandhi himself was killed by a fellow Hindu. A similar view is found in Sikhism.
在绝对必要的情况下 暴力是被允许使用的历史上 锡克教被压迫过 被迫进行反抗
Violence is permitted when absolutely necessary; and historically, Sikhs have been oppressed,
在印度受了几十年的压迫之后 锡克教徒开始携带一种
forcing them to fight back. After years of such oppression in India, Sikhs began wearing
叫做“ker-paan”的小刀 这是五条强制教法中的一条
a small knife called a “ker-paan.” It is one of five mandatory articles of faith
这种小刀象征着对自己和他人的保护然而即使锡克教徒认为
and is symbolically carried to defend themselves and others. But while Sikhs may have good
自己有理由去进行暴力行为时 却也不能称为和平之举
reason to be occasionally violent, it doesn’t help make their case for being peaceful.
佛教通常被认为是世界上最和平的宗教之一
Buddhism has always been pointed to as one of the world’s most peaceful religions.
为了实现他们三个最重要的宗教信条之一
In order to fulfill one of their three most important tenets, Buddhists cannot harm any
佛教徒不能伤害任何有知觉的生物史学上佛经积极地谴责暴力
sentient living thing. Historical Buddhist texts actively condemn violence, and the Buddha
佛祖自己也声称“嗜血”士兵不能很好地转世轮回
himself even states that soldiers who die in a “killing mindset” will have an unpleasant
然而事实上 佛教徒不总是能遵循非暴力信条
reincarnation. However, in practice, Buddhists have not always preferred nonviolence. In
缅甸大多数人崇信佛教 却暴力压迫
Myanmar, a predominantly Buddhist population has been violently oppressing a stateless,
罗兴亚穆斯林少数族群 佛教徒的暴力行为通常由于政治和文化差异
Rohingya Muslim minority. Acts of violence by Buddhists are frequently based on political
而不是明确的宗教差别
or cultural differences, and not specifically religion.
还有耆那教 在教人数不如刚才提到的其他宗教
This leaves Jainism. Although not as popular as the other religions mentioned, there are
粗略估计有450万耆那教徒集中生活在印度
roughly four and a half million Jains , almost exclusively living in India. Jainism advocates
耆那教把非暴力和和平主义作为宗教基本信条所有的暴力都会被看作
nonviolence and pacifism as a fundamental ethical principle. All violence is viewed
一种自伤行为 影响个人到达精神自由境界
as a form of self-injury, as it prevents one from reaching spiritual liberation. And unlike
不同于其他宗教 耆那教徒认为不仅不能伤害人
other religions, Jains believe nonviolence applies not only to people, but animals, plants,
还不能伤害动物和植物 甚至微生物 因此教徒们是严格的素食主义者
and even microorganisms. As a result, practitioners are strictly vegetarian, they walk in a way
他们小心地走路 避免踩到昆虫他们甚至拒绝使用过滤水
so as to avoid stepping on insects, and they’ll even refuse to filter water to keep any bacteria
以此来保护细菌的生命
in it alive.
以上概述的七个宗教 有数千支更小的新立的分支
These 7 religions are among the largest, but there are estimated thousands of smaller,
各自拥有自己独特的教义 但是在这些主要宗教里
newer movements with their own distinct views. Of the main religions, however, Jainism prioritizes
耆那教信仰和平和非暴力胜过于其他宗教
peace and nonviolence more so than any other.
锡克教也许不是最信仰和平的宗教但它是其中最有趣的之一
The Sikhs may not be the most peaceful, but they’re definitely among the most interesting.
学习更多关于宗教之间细微差别的知识视频里是否遗漏了其他的信仰和平的宗教
Learn more of the nuances behind the religion in our video. Are there any peaceful religions
在评论里让我们知道谢谢收看Test Tube News
we missed? Let us know in the comments! Thanks for watching Test Tube News, don’t forget
不要忘记在每天更新的新视频里点赞和订阅哦
to like and subscribe for new videos every day.

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视频概述

崇尚和平的宗教教义和国家政治文化之间的矛盾,暴力是否是必要的呢

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收集自网络

翻译译者

苏家Dier

审核员

审核员LD

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T0W-a8Ux0Do

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