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皮克斯动画是怎样把你感动哭的

What is the Pixar Moment?

[Shouts] “Hey, Buzz!You’re flying!”
嘿 巴斯 你在飞行!
In almost every Pixar film,
几乎在皮克斯的每一部电影中
There’s a moment.
都有让人难忘的时刻
It’s the scene you remember years later,
许多年后 你依然记得
when you cried or laughed like a child.
那个让你像孩子一样流泪或大笑的场景
These moments make us forget we’re watching a movie —
这些场景让我们忘记了自己是在看电影
for a few seconds at least,we’re part of the story.
至少有那么几秒 我们成为了故事的一部分
But what IS the Pixar Moment?
那么 什么是皮克斯时刻呢?
For this essay we’re going to
为了回答这个问题
focus on scenes from three films:
我们主要来看看三部电影中的场景
Toy Story, Up, and Ratatouille.
《玩具总动员》《飞屋环游记》和《料理鼠王》
Though the movies themselves are very different,
虽然这几部电影大相径庭
they each have a key scene that centers on
但他们都有一个关键场景是围绕谎言展开的
what writer K.M. Weiland calls, “The lie your character believes.”
也就是作家K.M. Weiland所说的“角色坚信的谎言”
Characters usually have a preconceived notion about themselves, others, or the world.
角色们通常对自己 他人或世界有先入之见
“It’s not that I like the Empire, I hate it,
“我不止是不喜欢帝国 我讨厌它”
but there’s nothing I can do about it right now.”
“但是现在我对它无能为力”
The story slowly tears down that falsehood
随着故事中的谎言慢慢被揭穿
so the characters can grow and learn.
人物才会成长并吸取教训
Sometimes the hero learns this lesson
有时故事的主人公受到他人的煽动
early in the story as the inciting incident.
早早地吸取了教训
“You’re a wizard, Harry.”
“你是个巫师 哈里”
Usually, the realization is saved for the climax,
通常 人物在电影高潮的时候才会觉醒
when a character needs knowledge to overcome the final obstacle.
这时候 人物已经学到了突破最后难关的本领
“He is the one.”
“他就是那个人”
And it doesn’t have to be the protagonist who believes the lie.
相信谎言的人不一定是主角
It can be a villain —
他也可以是一个反派
“You were right about me.”
你对我的看法是对的
or even the sidekick —
甚至是老朋友
“I’ll take the heat for it.
“我来承担责任”
We’ll wait for your father to come home,
“我们等你父亲回来”
and when he gets here, I’ll tell him that I did it.”
“他到家之后 我会告诉他是我做的”
-No, I’ll take it.
“不 我来承担责任”
So let’s examine how Pixar creates these moments of self-realization
我们来看看皮克斯如何创造那些自我觉醒的时刻
and how we can find the Pixar moments in our own lives.
以及我们如何在生活中发现自己的皮克斯时刻
[Sings] “Remember me…”
[歌声]“记住我……”
什么是皮克斯时刻?
If you’re new here,be sure to subscribe
如果你是新观众 记得订阅我们的频道
and hit the bell to get notified about all of our new videos.
点击这里就会有新视频通知
《玩具总动员》:关于自己的谎言
Toy Story centers on a clash of egos between two tiny toys.
《玩具总动员》以两个小玩具之间的冲突为中心
Both characters have inflated egos.
这两个角色都非常自大
Buzz thinks he’s a real space ranger
巴斯认为他是一个真正的太空刑警
on a mission to save the galaxy.
身负拯救银河系的重任
“I’m Buzz Lightyear, Space Ranger.
“我是巴斯光年 太空刑警”
I protect the Galaxy from the threat of invasion from the evil Emperor Zurg.
“我保护银河系免受邪恶的祖格皇帝入侵”
While Woody believes that he alone is central to Andy’s life.
而伍迪认为 只有他才是安迪生活的中心
“ In a couple of days, everything’ll be just the way it was.
“过几天 一切都会变回原样”
They’ll see.
“他们会知道”
I’m still Andy’s favorite toy.”
“我仍然是安迪最喜欢的玩具”
Toy Story’s Pixar moment comes at the climax of the film.
《玩具总动员》的皮克斯时刻出现在电影的高潮
After Woody rescues Buzz from Sid,
伍迪从希德那里救出巴斯后
a series of obstacles keeps them from joining the others.
各种阻碍让他们无法与其他玩具汇合
All of these letdowns bring the audience’s hopes to a nadir,
这些阻碍使观众的心情跌倒谷底
preparing us for the final triumph
不过这一切都是在为伍迪点燃火箭
when Woody lights the rocket.
取得最后的胜利做铺垫
[Shouts] “To infinity and beyond!”
[大喊]“飞向浩瀚无垠的宇宙!”
In this moment, Buzz acknowledges, with glee,
这一刻 巴斯欣喜地意识到
that he’s not a real space ranger
他虽然不是真正的太空刑警
– but he’s learned to play pretend.
但他学会了假扮
[Shouts] “Hey, Buzz! You’re flying!”
“嘿 巴斯 你在飞行!”
“This isn’t flying. This is falling with style.”
“这不是飞行 这是帅气地下坠”
And by adopting Buzz’s catch phrase,
用巴斯的口头禅来说
[In unison] “To infinity and beyond!”
[同时说]“飞向浩瀚无垠的宇宙!”
Woody lets go of his self-importance and accepts his new buddy.
伍迪不再自大 他接纳了新伙伴
So both have a more realistic sense of their places in the world.
因此 他们更加清楚自己在这个世界的位置
And now that they’ve given up their egotistical delusions,
现在 他们已经放弃以自我为中心的想法
they’re free to experience the joys of friendship.
尽情地享受友谊带来的快乐
“ Besides, when it all ends,
“反正一切都结束之后”
I’ll have old Buzz Lightyear to keep me company. ”
“我还有我的老兄弟巴斯光年来陪我呢”
So Toy Story’s Pixar moment encourages us to break free
所以《玩具总动员》的皮克斯时刻鼓励我们
of rigid preconceptions about who we are.
要打破对自己的刻板印象
When we accept change, we grow —
接受改变以后 我们才会成长
and we can perform feats we never imagined possible…
甚至可以完成我们认为不可能的壮举
like falling with style.
比如帅气地下坠
“AHHH!”
“啊啊啊!”
[Screams] “This is the part where we blow up!”
[尖叫] “我们要爆炸了!”
“Not today!”
“不是现在!”
《飞屋环游记》:关于所爱之人的谎言
Moving on to Up.
接下来是《飞屋环游记》
EVERYONE remembers the first ten minutes.
每个人都记得开头的十分钟
Carl and Ellie’s marriage was happy, but tinged with sadness.
卡尔和艾丽的婚姻很幸福 但又略带悲伤
They couldn’t have children and couldn’t
他们不能生育孩子
afford their dream vacation to Paradise Falls.
也没钱去梦想中的天堂瀑布
“And once I get there… Well.
“一旦到了那里”
I’m saving these pages for all the ADVENTURES I’m gonna have!”
“我要把所有的探险经历记录下来填满这本书”
When Ellie passes away, Carl believes she died unfulfilled.
艾丽去世后 卡尔觉得她还有遗愿未完成
[Sighs]
[叹气]
He wants to bring their home to Paradise Falls
他想把他们的房子带到天堂瀑布
so he can finally make her dream adventure come true.
这样就能实现艾丽梦寐以求的冒险了
[Shouts] “So long, boys!
[大声喊]“再见了 小伙子们!”
I’ll send you a postcard from Paradise Falls!”
“到了天堂瀑布 我会给你们寄明信片的!”
Along the way he meets obstacles to this goal.
一路上 他遇到了重重阻碍
“I’m tired.”
“我好累啊”
But Carl sticks to his mission.
但是卡尔坚持着他的使命
“ Whether you assist me or not,
“不管你帮不帮忙”
I am going to Paradise Falls if it kills me! ”
“我拼了命也要去天堂瀑布!”
After succeeding, he shuns his new friends
在到达天堂瀑布之后 他避开了他的新朋友们
so he can be alone in his grief.
这样他才能独自缅怀
notice the first piece of furniture he sets up right
注意 他扶起来的第一件家具就是艾丽的椅子
is Ellie‘s chair, a touching sign of respect.
这感人的举动代表了他对艾丽的敬重
Now he’s essentially waiting to die,
现在他基本上是在等待死亡了
so he and Ellie can be together again.
这样他又可以和艾丽在一起了
But then… the moment.
但是之后 就到了皮克斯时刻
He flips through the final pages of Ellie’s adventure scrapbook.
他翻开了艾丽冒险日记的最后一页
The camera slowly pushes in on the photos and in toward Carl’s face
镜头缓缓向照片推进 然后定格在卡尔的脸上
as he sees a lifetime of smiles.
他仿佛看到了此生所有的笑容
Togeter,we realize that Ellie was grateful and content with her experiences.
我们发现 艾丽感恩并满足于此生的经历
Carl believed he failed Ellie by not giving her excitement.
卡尔认为他辜负了艾丽 因为他没能给艾丽带来刺激
But her final message says that she never regarded her life as a waste.
但艾丽在最后留言说 她从不认为自己浪费了生命
She simply thanks him for the adventure.
她很感激卡尔带给她的冒险
[Sobs]
[抽泣]
Like Carl, many of us project our worldviews
像卡尔一样 我们很多人把自己的世界观
onto the people we care about.
投射到我们关心的人身上
Even when we’re trying to make our loved ones happy,
即使我们是在试着让爱的人开心
we can be blinded by our assumptions of what that means —
我们也会被自己内心的假想所蒙蔽
and fail to understand the people closest to us.
以至于无法了解最亲近的人
Up teaches us that to truly know our beloveds,
《飞屋环游记》告诉我们 要真正了解我们爱的人
we have to see the world from their perspective.
我们要学会从他们的角度来看待这个世界
And also, we should remember
我们也要记住
that every day with them is an adventure.
和爱的人在一起 每天都是冒险
“Ready?” “Ready!”
-准备好了吗? -准备好了!
《料理鼠王》:关于世界观的谎言
The final lie a character can believe is about their worldview.
最后一个谎言是关于人物世界观的
“You know what I’m craving?
“你知道我渴望吃什么吗?”
A little… perspective.”
“我想吃有创意的食物”
This is beautifully portrayed in the climax of Ratatouille.
人们把《料理鼠王》的高潮部分描绘得很美
Remy is a rat and aspiring chef,
小老鼠雷米是一个抱负的厨师
mentored by the spirit of the late chef Gusteau
已故主厨古斯特的灵魂时常指导他
who made famous the motto, “Anyone can cook.”
古斯特的名言是:人人皆可烹饪
Gusteau’s restaurant is in decline,
古斯特的餐馆正在走下坡路
suffering from a negative review
受人尊敬的评论家安东·伊格尔
by the revered critic Anton Ego.
总是给这家店差评
“My last review condemned it to the tourist trade.”
“我的上一篇评论谴责了旅游业”
Anton Ego is the antithesis of the idea “anyone can cook.”
安东·伊格尔并不支持“人人皆可烹饪”这一观点
Even his name implies vanity,
甚至他的名字也暗示着自负
elevating the individual over the masses.
他认为自己高人一等
And this is the lie that he believes –
这就是他所相信的谎言——
that only a select few can practice the fine art of cooking.
只有少数有天赋的人才懂得烹饪的艺术
Then Remy serves him Ratatouille,
接着小雷米给他做了蔬菜杂烩
which some dismiss as a peasant dish.
有些人认为这是一道农家菜
“Ratatouille, it’s a peasant dish.
“蔬菜杂烩 这是一道农家菜”
Are you sure you want to serve THIS to Ego?”
“你确定你要给伊格尔做这道菜?”
Ego begins the meal with pen in hand,
伊格尔开始吃饭时手里还拿着笔
like he’s a professional at the office.
像一名办公室专员
First the dish, flanked by Ego’s notebook and fork.
这道菜旁边放着他的笔记本和叉子
Then we examine the food from Anton’s shoulder,
然后我们从安东肩膀的后方来观看这道菜
nearly from his point-of-view.
这几乎就是他的视角
We’re seeing the food as he sees it —
我们像他一样看着这道菜
as something to be studied.
就像在研究什么一样
The food enters his mouth and then we
他把食物放进嘴里
see Ego’s eyes close up for the first time.
我们第一次看到安东目瞪口呆的样子
Through his eyes, the scene melts away
通过他的眼睛 场景转换到另一处
and Ego is transported to a small cottage in his childhood.
伊格尔回到了童年的小屋
Outside, his bicycle is broken.
小屋外面是他坏掉的自行车
He’s crying.
他在哭
But his loving mother cooks him a meal and,
但是他慈爱的母亲为他做了一顿饭
without a word, tells him everything will be fine.
吃着妈妈做的饭 他知道一切都会好起来的
In this moment,
就在这一刻
he changes his view of food and of the world.
他改变了自己对食物和世界的看法
Not only can anyone cook,
不仅人人都能烹饪
but eating great food doesn’t have to be an intellectual, elitist pursuit.
享受美食也不止是知识分子和社会精英的专利
It can be the simplest and most fundamental of joys,
吃饭可以是最简单 最基本的快乐
one that carries us back home to our childhoods.
它可以带我们回到童年的家
This moment is powerful because the audience is right beside Ego,
这个片段很震撼 因为观众就在伊格尔身边
watching our adulthoods melt away.
我们都回到了童年
In a flash, we’re all children again,
一瞬间 我们又变成了孩子
sitting in a caring kitchen with a home-cooked meal.
坐在温馨的厨房里 享受着家里的饭菜
“To say that both the meal and its maker have challenged
“说这道菜和这个厨师
my preconceptions about fine cooking is a gross understatement.
改变了我对烹饪艺术的先入之见还远远不够”
They have rocked me to my core.”
“他们彻底把我震撼到了”
All of these Pixar moments encourage us to see that WE,
所有这些皮克斯时刻使我们明白
might be holding onto false ideas about ourselves,
我们都有可能对自己 对爱人 或对世界
our loves ones, or our world.
持有错误的认知
Maybe we feel like we’ll always be alone or
也许我们觉得自己会孤独终老
that workplace traditions can’t change,
或者职场传统不会改变
that our economy can only depend on one energy source
或者我们的经济发展只能依赖于一种能源
or that winning means everything.
又或者成功意味着一切
“You must try things that may not work.
“你必须去尝试那些看起来不可能的事
And you must not let anyone define your limits
也不要因为出生低微
because of where you come from.
就让他人限制了你的发展机会
Your only limit is your soul.”
唯一的阻碍是你的内心”
These deeply entrenched lies prevent us from growing.
这些根深蒂固的谎言阻碍了我们的成长
Embracing the full TRUTH is the only way to escape a narrow point of view
只有拥抱真理才能摆脱狭隘观念
and live our fullest lives.
不负韶华
“There are times when a critic truly risks something
“有时我们也要冒着很大的风险
and that is in the discovery and defense of the new.”
去发掘并捍卫新的事物”
On the other side of the Pixar moment,
皮克斯时刻还代表着
it’s like the mental and spiritual equivalent of the Happy Ever After –
人们内心期盼的大团圆结局
the experience of true freedom.
也就是获得真正的自由
Life is exhilarating, full of possibility –
生活是令人兴奋的 一切皆有可能
an adventure into infinity and beyond.
生活也是一场突破极限的冒险
What’s your favorite Pixar moment?
你最喜欢的皮克斯时刻是什么呢?
Let us know in the comments below.
在下面的评论区中告诉我们吧
And if you’re here for the first time,
如果你第一次观看我们的视频
be sure to like and subscribe to our channel.
记得点赞并订阅我们的频道
Thanks for watching.
感谢观看
Hi, guys. Susannah and Debra here.
大家好 我们是Susannah和Debra
If you like what we do and want to help us grow,
如果你喜欢我们的视频 想帮我们成长
one of the best things you can do is support us on Patreon.
在Patreon上支持我们就是对我们最大的帮助
We make special polls for our patrons
我们做了个特别的投票
where you can vote for a video you want us to make.
你可以为你想看的视频投票
And right now we’re giving away three free months of Mubi,
我们现在会赠送三个月免费的Mubi
a really fantastic movie streaming service.
它是一个非常出色的电影流媒体服务
Love Mubi.
我爱Mubi
We’re such fans.
我们可是铁粉
And we’re giving that away to a limited number of patrons,
我们也送给一些赞助者
so be one of the first to go check it out.
赶快去看看吧
The link is right here.
链接在这里

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视频概述

为什么皮克斯动画总能感人至深,你有没有在这些动画电影中找到自己的影子,一起来看看吧。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Spencer

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S4WuZo57GqA

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