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什么是斯德哥尔摩综合征 – 译学馆
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什么是斯德哥尔摩综合征

What is Stockholm Syndrome? Psych 101 ep1

You may have heard Stockholm Syndrome mentioned
当人们谈论真实犯罪或《美女与野兽》时
when people talk about things
你也许听他们提到过
like true crime or Beauty and the Beast.
斯德哥尔摩综合征
But what is it really?
但斯德哥尔摩综合征到底是什么?
Where did the term come from?
这个词的出处是哪里?
Why does it happen?
为什么会产生斯德哥尔摩综合征?
And how common is it?
它有多常见?
Well, you are in luck for some answers.
幸运的是 这有你要的答案
We did the research. So you don’t have to.
我们为你做好了调查
The Robbery that Named the Condition
斯德哥尔摩综合征得名于一次抢劫
Stockholm Syndrome is generally defined as the occurrence
斯德哥尔摩综合征的普遍定义为
where hostages form emotional attachments to their captors
人质对绑匪产生情感依赖
and/ or begin to feel sympathy for them.
并/或开始同情他们的情况
Criminologist and psychiatrist Nils Bejerot
犯罪学家 精神病学家尼尔斯·贝杰茹特
first coined the term Stockholm Syndrome in 1973.
在1973年首次使用“斯德哥尔摩综合征”来描述此现象
That year, four people were held hostage
那一年 在瑞典斯德哥尔摩市的
during a bank robbery in Stockholm, Sweden.
一次银行抢劫案中 4名人质被挟持
Yet, upon being released,
然而 直到被解救
the hostages didn’t show any anger towards the captor.
这些人质都没有对绑匪表示出任何怒气
Instead, they defended him
相反 他们为绑匪辩护
and even refused to testify against him in court.
甚至拒绝出庭指证他
Since then, Stockholm Syndrome
从那时起
has been spotted in various situations,
不仅在劫持人质案和绑架案中
not just hostages and kidnappings.
在其他各类案件中都有发现斯德哥尔摩综合征的存在
It has been recorded in victims of sexual abuse,
德哥尔摩综合征在性虐
human trafficking, discrimination, terror
人口贩卖 种族歧视 恐怖行动
and political and religious oppression as well.
政治与宗教迫害的受害者中亦有所记载
The Circumstances that Create it
引发斯德哥尔摩综合症的环境因素
Psychologists believe
心理学家认为
that this reaction happens as a coping mechanism
这种反应是一种心理应对机制
and can occur as a result of hopelessness and frustration.
常出现在一个人绝望 沮丧之时
A victim may feel the police
受害者也许会觉得警察
aren’t doing their job well enough,
没有尽职
which creates a resentment that the capture can relate to.
对警察产生怨恨 因而与劫持者产生情感联系
However, the victim doesn’t automatically
但受害者并不是
agree with their oppressor.
自动与迫害者统一战线
In almost all cases of Stockholm Syndrome,
几乎在斯德哥尔摩综合征的所有案例中
the captor has to spend a face-to-face time
绑匪都必须与受害者面对面共处
with the victim for this to occur.
斯德哥尔摩综合征才会出现
Gradually, the victim may start to view them
逐渐地 受害者开始
more as a person than a villain.
把绑匪看成一个普通人而非恶棍
The Dark Results of Stockholm Syndrome
斯德哥尔摩综合征的不良后果
Once released, victims of abduction
一旦被释放 绑架案
or those situations listed above,
或上述其他情况的受害者
may develop the following symptoms,
也许会产生下列症状
compassion for one’s captor,
同情绑匪
refusal to admit their wrongdoing,
拒绝承认绑匪的不法行为
flashbacks of the event,
事件脑中重现
increased aggression, depression,
攻击性增强 抑郁
guilt and post-traumatic stress disorder.
内疚及创伤后应激障碍
They may also develop a dependency on their aggressor
他们也许会依赖他们的迫害者
where they feel they cannot survive without them.
感到离开迫害者就活不下去
The good news is
好消息是
most people in hostage situations
大多数人质
do not develop Stockholm Syndrome.
不会患上斯德哥尔摩综合征
The Rarity of Captor Compassion
同情绑匪的罕见性
The FBI’s hostage barricade system
FBI的人质障碍数据系统显示
says that 92% of people in these circumstances
92%的人遭受过这些情境的人
do not present any symptoms
都没有出现
that will indicate Stockholm Syndrome.
任何斯德哥尔摩综合征的症状
However, it is still very real
然而 斯德哥尔摩综合征确实存在
and should be taken seriously.
应该予以严肃对待
How Serious can it Get?
斯德哥尔摩综合征会有多严重呢?
Each person’s reaction to a hostage situation is different.
每个人对待劫持的态度是不同的
However, there are a few famous examples
然而 有些著名的案例里
where the attachment one had to their abductor
受害者对他们的劫持者的依赖
went very far.
相当严重
Natascha Kampusch
娜塔莎·坎普希
Natascha Kampusch was abducted as a child in 1998.
1998年 童年的娜塔莎·坎普希被诱拐
After her abuser’s death,
施虐者死后
she kept a picture of him in her wallet
她将他的照片收藏在钱包里
and even bought the house she was held in.
甚至买下了囚禁她的房屋
Patty Hearst
帕蒂·赫斯特
After Petty Hearst, the granddaughter of William Hearst,
1974年 威廉·赫斯特的孙女帕蒂·赫斯特
was taken by a terrorist group in 1974,
被恐怖组织带走
the media went into a flurry.
在媒体界引发轩然大波
But to everyone’s surprise,
但令人惊讶的是
she eventually joined the group that took her.
帕蒂·赫斯特最终加入了该恐怖组织
Mary McElroy
玛丽·麦克尔罗伊
Mary McElroy was kidnapped in 1933.
1933年 玛丽·麦克尔罗伊被绑架
After being rescued from her abductors,
在她被解救后
she claimed they were only businessmen.
她声称绑匪只是生意人
She visited them in jail
她去监狱拜访了他们
and eventually committed suicide,
并最终自杀
leaving a note that said,
留下遗书 上面写着
“my four captors were probably the only people on Earth
绑架我的四个人 也许是这世上
who don’t consider me an utter fool.
唯一不把我当成彻头彻尾的废物的人
You have your death penalty now.
现在你们执行了死刑了
So, please, give them a chance.”
所以 拜托了 给他们一个机会吧
We understand the significant effects
我们理解虐待和囚禁
abuse and confinement has on a person,
对一个人的深远影响
and want to provide emotional support
想要对经历过相似困境的人
to those who have been through a similar situation.
提供情感支持
If you would like to learn more about Stockholm Syndrome,
如果想要了解更多斯德哥尔摩综合征的信息
you can find additional information in the links below
你可以在下列链接
and in our article Stockholm Syndrome Traumatic Bonding.
或《斯德哥尔摩综合征创伤愈合》中找到更多信息
Let us know in the comments
如果你知道其他斯德哥尔摩综合征的案例
if you know other examples
或者治愈的建议
or healing tips for those recovering.
欢迎在评论中告知我们
Thanks for watching.
谢谢收看

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视频概述

本视频介绍了斯德哥尔摩综合征的命名,起因及著名案例

听录译者

狗熊绣花

翻译译者

狗熊绣花

审核员

审核员#LY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F-6VkeBv3G0

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