未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

什么是真实(柏拉图的洞穴寓言)|8-bit哲学第一季

What is Real? (Plato's Allegory of the Cave) - 8-Bit Philosophy

8比特哲学课
朋友们 思考一下吧:
Ponder this my friends:
如果你在一个箱子里诞生那么关于外部世界的想法
If you were born inside of a box, would the thought of the world outside it
一个更真实的世界会在你脑海中形成吗
– a world that is more real – ever enter your mind?
被誉为世界最伟大哲学作家之一的柏拉图
Considered one of philosophy’s greatest writers, Plato asked
在他著名的洞穴比喻中曾经提出过这类问题
just this sort of question in his famous allegory of the cave.
想象一下 一群人诞生在山洞里他们的腿和脖子都被栓着
Imagine a group of people born into a cave, chained by their legs and necks,
面对着后壁
facing the back wall.
他们唯一能看到的东西就是被火投射出的阴影
The only thing they can see are shadows cast by a fire behind them,
因为他们从来没有见过真正的物体他们认为阴影就是真实的
and since they’ve never seen the actual objects, they think the shadows are real.
但是 一旦这些监禁者的其中之一被释放了呢
But what would happen if one of the prisoners were to be set free?
当他转过身来 看到这些物体 他会明白那些阴影只是现实的一个缩小投影吗?
When he turns around and sees the objects, will he know that the shadows are a lesser copy of reality?
并且 当他最终离开山洞的时候 第一次看见太阳和自然万物
And when he eventually leaves the cave and sees the sun and nature for the first time,
他的思维不会被完全打破吗?
would his mind not be completely blown?
但是等一下 如果这个物体比投影更真实
But wait a sec. If the objects are more real than the shadows, how do we know there isn’t
我们又怎么能知道这不是比物体更真实的东西呢?
something more realm than the objects?
最终事实就是被柏拉图称之为真实的表现形式
The ultimate reality is what Plato calls the real of the forms.
它是永恒的 不可改变的 它是存在的领域 或者说意义
It is eternal, unchangeable; it is the realm of being, of what is.
我们的世界 从另一方面来说 是正在成为
Our world, on the other hand, is the world of becoming,
和改变中的世界 是我们感知到的世界 是万事万物都在变化成为别的东西的地方
of change and what we perceive, where everything is constantly becoming something else.
就像一个物体的投影只是真实事物的拙劣复制
Just as the shadow of an object is a faded copy of the actual object,
我们感觉到的世界包含很多不完美的形式的复制
the world as we perceive it consists of imperfect copies of the forms.
当面对过一个更真实的真相 当监禁者回到山洞时会发生什么呢?
After experiencing a higher truth, what would happen if the prisoner returned to the cave?
柏拉图沉思道 告诉别人更真实的现实将会危害他们有限的认知
Plato muses that telling the others of the greater reality would threaten their narrow beliefs.
如果他们可以……
If they could…
……他们甚至会杀死他
…they might even kill him.
我们人类是否能够挣脱认知枷锁 真正认识到现实?
Will we as humans ever be able to lose our shackles of perception, and truly know reality?

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

什么是真实呢?是眼前的投影,还是更真实的复制?你眼前的世界是投影还是真实?本期视频将会带给你深入思考

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

笑尘

审核员

审核团Z

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lVDaSgyi3xE

相关推荐