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什么是波普艺术? – 译学馆
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什么是波普艺术?

What is Pop Art? Art Movements & Styles

苏格兰国家美术馆
But what is pop art?
但是什么是波普艺术?
Pop art is perhaps the most significant
波普艺术也许是二十世纪
at movements of the twentieth century.
最重要的运动
But what makes an artwork ‘pop’?
但是 是什么让一件艺术品“波普”呢?
And who were the pop artists?
谁又是波普艺术家呢?
You might recognise some of its most famous names,
你可能会认识一些最著名的名字
like American artists Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol.
像美国艺术家罗伊·利希滕斯坦和安迪·沃霍尔
We’ll learn more about them later,
我们稍后会详细了解他们
because our story starts in London in 1952 –
因为我们的故事始于1952年的伦敦
a group of young avant-garde artists, writers, and architects,
一群年轻前卫的艺术家 作家和建筑师
including Scottish artist Eduardo Paolozzi
包括苏格兰艺术家爱德华多·保罗兹
formed the Independent Group.
组成的独立团体
The group wanted to challenge the art world,
这个团体想要挑战艺术界
and was interested in the relationship between popular culture and the visual arts.
他们对大众文化和视觉艺术之间的关系很感兴趣
Paolozzi led the charge – giving an important presentation
保罗兹是其中的领头人 他主持了一次重要的介绍
where he showed advertising, comic strips,
他展示了广告 连环画
and assorted graphic images from American magazines.
以及来自美国杂志的各种图形图像
Inspired by these images, the group wanted to create art that was inclusive
受这些图像的启发 该团体希望创作一种包容各方
and which had mass appeal.
并具有大众吸引力的艺术
Paolozzi had already begun to create collages using some of these images,
保罗兹已经开始使用其中一些图像创建拼贴
in works like
例如
‘I was a rich man’s play thing’ (1947), from the series ‘Bunk!’
1947年“班克”系列的《我是一个有钱人的玩物》
The collage brings together Coca Cola advertising,
这些拼贴画汇集了可口可乐广告
and an image of a Second World War fighter plane,
和第二次世界大战战斗机的图像
while a playful magazine cover takes centre stage.
而有趣的杂志封面成为了焦点
Paolozzi also incorporated the word ‘pop’
保罗兹还把“波普”一词加入到
in a cloud emanating from a pistol above the featured starlet’s head.
从特色小明星头部上方的手枪发出的云朵中
In America, artists were also starting to reference, and incorporate images
在美国 艺术家也开始参考
from mass media into their artworks.
并将大众传媒的图像整合到他们的作品中
The New York artist Roy Lichtenstein was inspired by comic books and cartoons.
纽约艺术家罗伊·利希滕斯坦的灵感来自漫画和卡通
His early works from the 1960s included
他始于1960年代的早期作品包括
screen-prints of Mickey Mouse and Popeye.
米老鼠和大力水手的丝网印刷
His source material for the painting, ‘In The Car’ (1962) was
他1962年的画作《在车里》的原始材料是
an image from’ Girls Romances’,
一张《女孩浪漫史》的图片
an anthology by DC Comics.
和一个DC漫画选集
Here he presents an image of contemporary America
他通过运用大众文化中的图像
through appropriating images from mass culture.
在里面呈现了当代美国的形象
Andy Warhol, whose name has become synonymous with Pop Art,
安迪·沃霍尔已成为波普艺术的代名词
emerged at the same time as Lichtenstein.
他与利希滕斯坦同时出现
In the early 1960s, Warhol embarked on a series of portraits of stars
1960年代初期 沃霍尔拍摄了一系列明星肖像
including Elizabeth Taylor, Elvis Presley, and Jackie Kennedy.
包括伊丽莎白·泰勒 猫王和杰基·肯尼迪
He used photographic silkscreen printing to create his celebrity portraits,
他用照相丝网印刷来制作他的名人肖像
enabling him to reproduce recognisable images already out in public
该方法使他能够复制已公开发布的可识别图像
– like publicity shots, or tabloid photographs.
例如宣传照或小报照片
He often repeated the image multiple times
他经常多次重复图像
as both a celebration and critique of contemporary culture.
作为对当代文化的赞美和批判
Contemporary artists influenced by Pop Art,
受波普艺术影响的当代艺术家
and sometimes referred to as Neo Pop
有时也被称为新波普
include Jeff Koons and Damien Hirst.
包括杰夫·昆斯和达米安·赫斯特
Like Warhol before them,
像他们之前的沃霍尔一样
they often celebrate banality using mechanical processes to create their work,
他们经常通过机械工艺来赞美平庸 以创造自己的作品
and repetition within in.
并在其间重复
But the legacy of Pop Art, and its themes of repetition,
但是波普艺术的遗产
daily objects and mass media
及其重复 日常物品和大众媒体主题的存在
lives on beyond art,
超越了艺术
with endless offshoots and commercial designs appearing in contemporary society.
在现代社会中出现了无尽的分支和商业设计
Is this the greatest sign of their success
他们从流行文化中汲取了灵感来创作艺术
– that they took from popular culture to create art,
而现在他们所创造的艺术
and now the art they created has been reclaimed
又被流行文化所重新夺回
by popular culture once more?
是否是他们成功的最大标志呢?

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视频概述

介绍了波普艺术的起源,以及波普艺术家是如何创作的

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

YXG-6949b

审核员

审核员Y

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6qr7cdpGDRo

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