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什么是人格?—人格心理学 – 译学馆
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什么是人格?—人格心理学

What is Personality? - Personality Psychology

大家好 我是Theodore
Hey my name is Theodore
欢迎收看实用心理学
This is practical psychology
今天我要来告诉你大脑是如何运转的
and my mission is to help you improve yourself
来帮助你提高自己
by learning how your brain works
如果你看懂了这段视频
So if I accomplish that
请记得给我点赞噢
go ahead and leave a like
如果你没看懂
And if I don’t
也欢迎在下方留言
leave a comment
提出建议 帮助改进视频内容
so that I might be able to improve these videos
希望大家喜欢接下来的视频
Hope you enjoyed this video
你做过人格测试吗
Have you ever taken a personality quiz?
测验结果是不是说
The results might tell you
你是万众瞩目的焦点
that you’re the center of attention
或者你属于ENTJ型人格
or maybe something like you’re an ENTJ
人们会用各种方式来定义人格
People describe personalities in different ways
但对于人格究竟
And scientists still have a lot of questions
是怎样影响我们的行为
about how our personalities
让我们成为现在的样子
actually influence our actions
这是科学家们至今仍未参透的疑问
and that make us who we are
如果你对“人格”这一词
If you’ve ever been curious about
到底是什么意思存有好奇
this word personality really means
收看本集视频就对了
we’ll get comfortable
我们会进行关于人格的讨论
In this series, we’re gonna be talking about personality
那么
So first off
到底什么是人格呢
what is personality
定义人格的方法五花八门
Now there are a ton of ways to define personality
比如
In fact
著名的人格心理学家菲斯特曾说
top personality psychologists Feist and Feist says this
尽管没有哪一个定义
Although no single definition
能被所有的人格理论者接受
is acceptable to all personality theorists
我们还是可以说
we can say that
人格是指
personality is a pattern
使人做出
of relatively permanent traits
稳定而独特的行为的
and unique characteristics
一种相对持久的特质
that give both consistency and individuality
或特性模式
to a person’s behavior
让我们来看看
So let’s zoom in
这个词:特质
and focus on one word here, traits
说到人格心理学
You need to know this word in and out
你必须透彻理解它
when it comes to personality psychology
它是重中之重
It’s the center
特质是指影响我们行为的
Traits are a unique characteristics
独一无二的特征
that influence our behavior
是这些特征
These characteristics
让我们与众不同
typically set us apart from other people
例如 你会把自己形容为
For example, you might describe yourself
一个有礼貌的人
as a respectful person
或一个诚恳的人
or a genuine person
这就是两种不同的人格特质
These are two examples of personality traits
在说到大五类人格特征之前
Before we talk about the big five personality traits
你要记住
it’s important to remember
特质会影响而不是直接造成
that traits influence our behavior
我们的所作所为
They don’t dictate it
假如你是个有礼貌的人
When you are a respectful person
你会更容易
you have a tendency
对周围的人表现得恭敬有礼
to be respectful to other people around you
但你也可能因为
But you might act outside of these traits
其他任何原因而表现得不礼貌
due to, well, really anything
比如那天你正好生病不舒服
You might have a sick day
或与对方有不愉快的过往
a bad history with someone
甚至焦虑
or even nervousness
也可能导致你表现出不一样的特征
may cause you to act out of character
这就是为什么我们会在
Now this is one of the reasons
一个程度范围内来衡量特质的原因之一
why traits are usually measured on a scale
再来看看人格的作用原理
Let’s move on to how personality works
我们通过一种叫做心理机制的东西
We display traits through something called
来展现人格
psychological mechanisms
记住这个术语
You need to remember this term too
因为它出现的频率
because it comes up
几乎和“特质”一样高
almost as often as traits does
心理机制跟特质很像
Psychological mechanisms are like traits
唯一的不同是 它是人格的作用过程
except that they are the processes of personality
一个过程包括三个部分
Now a process has three parts
输入
the input
中间过程的决策规则
the rules the decision rules in the middle
最后是输出
and then the output
个人特质决定输出内容
Our traits determine the output
甚至有时还决定了
and sometimes they even determine
我们遇到的输入内容种类
what type of input that we encounter
比如你是一个勇敢的人
Let’s say you’re a courageous person
输入的内容是:危险情况
The input is a dangerous situation
那么你会经历中间的决策规则 对吧
so you have rules in the middle, right, decision rules
决策规则取决于你的个人特质
These rules are based on your traits
并决定着你的反应
and they make decisions on how you act
所以输出的结果
So the output
如果你是个勇敢的人
if you’re a courageous person
就是:勇于面对险境
is to face danger
那如果你不是个勇敢的人
Now if you’re not a courageous person
输出的结果就会变成:逃离险境
the output will be you fleeing the scene
让我们来回顾一下
So let’s go over these two again
特质即特征
Traits are characteristics
是用于描述一个人的
and are the individual words
一组独立词汇
that we use to describe people
而机制 是基于这些特质
Mechanisms are the processes
每个人都要遵守的一个过程
that people follow based on these traits
我再多说一点
So I want to talk a little bit about
关于人格分析的三个层次
the three levels of personality analysis
心理学家是怎样衡量人格的呢
So how do psychologists measure personality?
要找寻答案
Well, for the answer
我们来看看Kluckhohn和Murray的研究
we look to Kluckhohn and and Murray
1953年
In 1953
他们出版了《自然 社会 文化中的人格》一书
they published Personality in Nature, Society & Culture
在书里
In the book
他们认为每个人都在某些方面
they say that every man is in certain respects
与所有人别无二致
like all other men
在另一些方面只和部分人相似
like some other men
还有一些特质独一无二
and like no other man
仔细想想
So think about it
是一些普适的特质和机制
There are universal traits and mechanisms
使得人类区别于其他生物种类
that make humans unique to other species
例如
Like, for example
马斯洛的需求层次理论
think of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
我们同属于一个群组
We all belong to one big group
即人类
the human race
而在这个物种里
but within our species
我们又分为了不同的群体
we separate ourselves in other groups
我们会说自己是内向者
We might call ourselves introverts
或美国人 邋遢的人 进取者等
Americans, messy people, go-getters
这些群体有着相同的人格特质
These smaller groups share personality traits
在最具体的层面上
At the most specific level
我们都有让自己与众不同的东西
we all have things that make us unique
比如一种特殊的才能
Maybe you have a special talent
或是让朋友们搞不懂的行为习惯
or a strange behavior that confuses your friends
兴趣爱好 日常生活
Habits, routines
人与人之间的情感交流等
and emotional connections to people
都属于各种
are all types of things
使我们不同于周围人的东西
that make us different from the person next to us
下面是三个
So here’s three examples of ways
证明你与所有人类似的例子
that you’re like all other humans
你需要归属感
You have a need to belong
你想要有使命感
You want a feeling of purpose
每个人都想
All humans want this
如果我用力打你的鼻子
And you might tear up
你就会泪流满面
if I smack your nose
这叫做
that’s actually called
鼻侧神经反射
the nasal cilary nerve reflex
接下来我们再说几个
Here’s some examples of ways
你与某些人类似的例子
that you’re like some other humans
也许你是内向者
You might be introverted
你擅长清算税收
You might be really good at doing your taxes
当你看到别人
And maybe you wince
不小心被纸割伤
whenever you watch someone
你的脸会抽搐
give themselves a papercut
最后是你不像任何人的例子
And lastly, you’re like no other humans
你超级热衷于清算税收
Maybe you absolutely love doing your taxes
你规划每一天
Maybe you plan your days
要做的每件事
and you set very specific goals
细致到全世界没有任何人比得上
that nobody else on this planet does
当我拿出一张
And you might cry
你已故家人的照片 你会大哭
if I show an image of your deceased family member
这也许是你经历过
That’s something that might happen to you
而其他人都未经历过的事
but doesn’t happen to anyone else
这些共性与差异并不仅仅
So these similarities and differences
区分我们属于哪种人群
don’t just give us a group to belong to
更是预测行为的基石
They’re the cornerstone of predicting behavior
所以如你所见
So as you can see
许多的人格类型
a lot of personality
都是去理解
is understanding the similarities
人与人之间的共性和差异
and the differences of different people
以及可能做出的行为
and how they act
接下来
So let’s move on to
我们来看看人格从何而来
where does personality come from
你的亲戚可能告诉你
You might hear your family members tell you
你的性格
that you have a similar personality to your mother
就跟你母亲或父亲一样
or to your father
这是否意味着人格是通过遗传而来呢
Now, does this mean our personality is inherited?
我们的人格来源于家族吗
Do we get it from our family?
我们又是如何形成那些
How do we adopt the personality traits
人人具备
that make us like all other people,
或部分人具有
like some other people
或独一无二的人格特质的呢?
and like no other people?
针对这个问题
Well, there are a ton of different explanations
有着各种解释
that explain this or
或尝试解释
or attempt to explain this
遗传学就是其中之一
Genetics is one
但你所处的环境
but the environment
经历的事件
the experiences you have
以及生理和文化的变化
biology, and trends going on in your culture
也都能解释你的人格特质从何而来
may also explain where you get your personality traits
一种有意思的说法是
One interesting thought is
我们共同创造了
that we co-create our personalities
自己及周围人的人格
and the personalities of the people where you interact with
所以它们都在不停变化
So they’re all changing
接下来是几种普遍的人格理论
Now here are some common personality theories
我也将在后续的其他视频中进行深入探讨
and I’m gonna be going in depth in the future videos
如果你以前对此并不了解
So if you haven’t read about it
而现在已经爱上了这个系列的视频
and you already like this style of videos
记得订阅我们噢
go ahead and click the subscribe button
我们会先讲特质论
Number one is trait theory
接着到行为理论
then behavioral theory
人本论
then humanistic theory
生物学理论
then biological theory
以及来自弗洛伊德的
and psychoanalytic theory
精神分析理论
which is basically from Freud
并非所有的人格特质都是积极的
Now not all personality traits are positive
但是我们一般
but we usually prefer
只谈积极的那些
to talk about positive personality traits
我们会倾向于奖励那些
We tend to reward people
展现出积极人格特质的人
that show positive personalitytraits
比如表现恭敬或诚恳
Maybe like being respectful or genuine
如果一个人表现友善
Now if someone is kind
我们通常也会友善地对待他
we usually reward that type of behavior
这就是一种奖励
by being kind back. Right
你也许发现了一些
Now already you might find some arguments
反驳此观点的论据
against this idea
比如每个人对于积极或消极特质
Not everyone characterizes the same traits
的定义可能不同
to be positive or negative
也许有的人认为
Someone may think
恭敬有礼是你在文化中取得成功
that respectfulness is a top-tier personality trait
所必需的一种最好的人格特质
that you need to have in culture to succeed
但另一些不信任当局
Someone else who has a lot of distrust
或所谓的体制的人
in authority or the so called system
就会认为恭敬有礼
they might view respectfullness
是一种消极的人格特质
as a negative personality trait
那当人们在不同的情况下
So how do people form their personalities
因同一种特质既受到奖励又受到责罚时
when they’re both rewarded and chastised
会如何形成人格呢?
for the same trait in different situations?
这恰恰也是心理学家们
Well, these are some of the questions
正努力尝试解答的问题
that psychologists are trying to answer
现在你可能会明白
So at this point, you might be thinking
为什么人格心理学这么重要了
why is personality psychology important
还有许多其他的问题也是
Well, there are tons of other questions
只能通过人格心理学的研究
that can only be answered with research and the study
来给出解答
of personality psychology
我们来回顾一些主要的问题
And I’m going to go over a few of the big ones
首先是自由论还是决定论
The first one is freedom versus determinism
这基本就是在问
So this is basically asking
我们是否可以选择自己的行为
do we really choose our behavior?
如果我们作为人类想要改变
And if we wanted to change as humans
真的可以吗
could we actually change
还是说我们早已注定
or are we determined
会成为特定类型的人了呢
to become a specific type of person
第二个问题是:遗传还是环境
Question number two is hereditary versus environment
那么到底
so in reality
我们的人格特质从何而来
where do our personality traits actually come from
先天的 还是后天的
nature or nurture
第三个问题是:独特还是普遍
Number three is unique or universal
有的心理学家认为人类是独特的
some psychologists say humans are very unique
而有的认为
while others agree
我们普遍都差不多
that we’re pretty fairly universally the same
那么我们到底是哪种呢
so what are we?
最后一个问题:主动还是被动
Lastly, is proactive versus reactive
作为人类
Now as humans
我们是有意识地去反应
do we act on our own initiative
还是仅仅对刺激作出反应
or do we simply respond to stimuli
在我们继续下面的内容之前
So as we continue to move forward in this video
你要清楚
you should know
为什么人格心理学家们都那么坚定
why our personality psychologist so determined
为什么
why is it so important
解答这些类型的问题那么重要
to answer these type of questions
因为通过这些
Well, they can use it
能够预测你的行为
to predict your future behavior
如果你有能力预测
If you had the ability to predict
谁将会成为罪犯
who is on track to becoming a criminal
你难道不想引导他们去往正确的方向吗
wouldn’t you want to steer them in a different path
甚至拯救他们
and maybe even save someone’s life
免受一辈子的牢狱之灾
from a life in prison
我们来看看泰德·邦迪的人格
look at Ted Bundy’s personality
心理学家普遍认为
psychologists generally agree
他是典型的的反社会人格
that he had a classic sociopathic personality
这种人格是怎么形成的呢
where did it come from?
有人说 自从他年轻时被爱人拒绝
well, some people say that he started forming a sociopathic personality
这种反社会人格
when he was rejected
就已经开始逐步形成了
by the love of his life at a young age
有的人则认为是他没能如愿成为律师的经历
others believe his failure to become a lawyer
促使了这种人格的形成
sparked these personality traits
还有的心理学家认为 他因从不知道
and other psychologists traced the root of his personality
生身父母是谁而感到耻辱 这才是根本原因
to the shame of never knowing his real birth parents
的确我们也知道他反社会的行为
well we do know that his sociopathic behaviors
很早就有了
did start early
而有的人甚至认为
and some argue his killings
他的杀人行为本来完全可以被预测
could have been statistically predicted
想想都不可思议
how crazy is that
杀人竟然能被预测
predict that someone would kill someone else
他还是个纵火狂
He was a pyromaniac
而且幼年时就虐待动物
and he had tortured animals as a child
一些心理学家指出 他早期的尿床行为
some psychologists point to his early bedwetting as a sign
就是一个反社会者的标志
that he was on track to becoming sociopaths
实际上
in fact
有三种特质会形成反社会人格
these three traits form the sociopathic personality
一是被取笑嘲弄并且玩火
number one being amused and playing with fire
就像纵火犯一样
which would be like a pyromaniac
二是幼年时期的尿床行为
number two bedwetting when you’re a child
三是虐待动物
and number three torturing animals
虽然不知道这些为什么会发生
You don’t really know why this happens
但它们似乎就是一直在发生
but it seems to happen throughout time
也因此
And because of that
我们能够通过这些去预测反社会人格的形成
we can use it to predict sociopathic personalities
当然 被领养
now, being adopted
或尿床
or wetting the bed
并不意味着
obviously doesn’t mean
你生来就会成为反社会者
that you were born to become a sociopath
这些理论和发现
but these theories and discoveries
是确定我们的人格
are the first steps in determining
是如何形成的 它又是怎样
how we actually form our personalities
影响我们的行为的第一步
and how those personalities influence our behavior
心理学家如果对于我们如何被引导做出特定行为
if psychologists can get a good idea of a map
能够有一个完整的流程图
that leads us to certain behaviors
也许我们就能修改这个过程
then maybe we can redraw that map
找到人格形成的新路径
and develop a co-creation process
以塑造更多积极的而非反社会的
that influences more positive personality traits
人格特质
and less sociopathic ones
人格心理学
psychology of personality
不仅对决定人类未来有着重要作用
isn’t just important for determining the future of humans
科学家及人工智能
scientists, in fact, and artificial intelligence
进行了大量关于人格特质
look at massive amounts of data
及其表现行为的数据分析
relating to personality traits andtheir behaviors
人工智能可以帮助我们
artificial intelligence can help us in our efforts
根据具体的人格表现
to predict future behavior
预测其未来行为
from specific personalities
从而尽量避免坏事的发生
and possibly prevent bad things from happening
人格数据的分析过程
since analyzing personality data
涉及大量的信息处理
involves looking at massive amounts of information
你能了解到人们的过往
you know the history of people
他们是怎样的人
what they’re like
发现特质
recognizing traits
整理特质
organizing traits
人工智能非常擅长
well, artificial intelligence is really good at
整理及查看大量数据
organizing and looking at massive amounts of data
目前的数据只能展现
right now, data currently just shows
不同层次的人格特质与未来的行为
correlations between different levels of personality traits
或分类之间的相关性
and future behavior or classifications
比如一所学校的敬业度
for example there‘s a correlation
与学生的好成绩之间存在关联
between conscientiousness and good grades in school
外向者与车祸之间
there’s also a correlation that exists between
也存在关联
extroverts and car accidents
人格心理学家认为
now personality psychologists say
这可能是因为外向者会不断寻求刺激的缘故
that this could be due to extroverts need for constant stimulation
数据还显示 较低程度的亲和力
the data also links low agreeableness
与有竞争力的行为也有关联
to competitive behaviors
如果你想成为一个企业家
so if you want to be an entrepreneur
那么也许应该降低一点你的亲和力
you probably want to have a little bit lower agreeableness
同时 高度的神经敏感
also high neuroticism
也许是精神疾病的前兆
may predict the presence of a mental illness
事实上 高度神经敏感与精神疾病
in fact, high neuroticism is very closely
有密切联系
linked to mental illnesses.
诸如此类的例子层出不穷
this list of examples goes on and on
但这个数据并非无懈可击
but this data still isn’t perfect yet
在该系列的后续视频中 我也会提及
and I’ll talk about all kinds of predictions you can make
根据你的性格测试结果 你自己都能做出哪些预测
from your results of a personality test in future videos
所以如果你还没有订阅我的频道
so again hit that subscribe button and that bell icon
记得点击按键和铃铛图标哦
if you haven’t already
心理学家们使用了各种方法
psychologists use a lot of different sources
来收集此类数据
to collect this type of data
比如研究 调查 犯罪数据
they use studies, surveys, crime data
以及其他各种各样的信息渠道
and all kinds of other sources of information
接下来 我将试着
and I’m going to attempt
用一种简洁明了的方式
to explain all of this to you
来把这些收集数据的方式
in an easy-to-understand format
都解释给你听
in the rest of the series
关于人格的数据研究结果
the results from data and studies of personality
有助于改善人类命运
can help improve humankind
这点毋庸置疑
there’s no doubt about that
那么我们至今都收集到了哪些数据呢
but what have we actually collected so far
在本集视频中
As I in this video
我想给大家介绍一个
I want to let you know about something called
叫做统一理论的东西
the unifying theory of personality
在视频中大家已经听到了好多科学家
so far you’ve heard a lot of names and theories
及理论学说的名字了
mentioned in this video
你也许会好奇
well, you might be wondering
我们到底
who can we look to
能找谁拿到那些关于
for the end-all-be-all theories
如何开发人格特质并用它作出决策的
of how we actually develop personality traits
完美无缺的理论学说
and how we use them to make decisions
其实不是这么个逻辑
well it doesn’t work like that yet
大统一理论
we have grand unifying theories
解答了许多我们的疑问
that explain a lot of our questions
比如自然选择的进化论
for example, the theory of evolution by natural selection
就是生物学领域的一种统一理论
is a grand unifying theory in the world of biology
我们也还在研究
we’re still looking for a theory
人格心理学领域中是否也有类似理论
like that in personality psychology
我们现在能想到的
think of a grand unifying theory of personality
人格心理学统一理论
like a bunch of blind men
就好比一群盲人在摸象
trying to feel an elephant
一人走到大象的前面
one man walks up to the elephant from the front
摸到了大象长长的鼻子
and it feels its long nose
便说大象就像一条蛇
this blind man says the elephant is much like a snake
另一个人走到了大象的身侧
another man walks up to the elephant from the side
便说大象就像一头巨大的奶牛
he says the elephant is very much like a large cow
这是他所感知到的
because that’s what he can feel
最后一个人走过去
the last blind man walks up to the elephant
摸到了大象的耳朵
and feels his ear
便说大象就像陆上的黄貂鱼
he says much like a land-dwelling stingray this is
每个人都只摸到了大象的一部分
Now each man is only touching one part of the elephant
所以他们无法了解
so they don’t fully understand
一只完整的大象是什么样子
what a whole elephant looks like
我们用来描述人格的理论
Similarly, the theories that we use to describe personality
也与之相似
are much like this
那些理论只触及了我们人格的一部分
they only touch a specific part of our personality
要知道 一只大象是由
an elephant is a combination
一个又大又圆的身躯
of a large round body
加上像蛇一样长长的鼻子
a long snake-like nose
和又大又软的耳朵组成的整体
and big floppy ears
人格也一样是由
Personality is likely made up of
生理行为和认知层面共同组成
biological behavioral and cognitive aspects
所以我们
so you should know that
其实还是掌握了
we do have a grasp on
人格心理学中各种不同的组成要素
different elements of personality psychology
本系列视频中
And again, in this series
我会给大家介绍
I’ll take you through the elements of
人格特质论 行为理论
traits theory, behavioral theory
人本主义理论 生物学理论
humanistic theory, biological theory
及臭名昭著的精神分析理论
and the infamous psycho analytical theory
现在我们知道
right now, we believe
这些理论也许在
that those theories may play a part
心理学大统一理论中占有一席之地
in the grand unifying theory of psychology
当然 更多细节还有待研究
but there’s still a lot of research to be done
我们最后来看下
And lastly in this video
大五类人格特征
I want to talk about the Big Five personality traits
人格心理学家正在
So traits psychologists have been trying
建立一个简明扼要的
to create a concise list of personality traits
可用于描述
that can be used
任何人的基本人格的清单
to describe the basics of anyone’s personality
他们从列出数千词汇的清单中
After coming up with lists of thousands of words
选出了16个词 又从中挑出3个
and then sixteen words, and then three
最后他们定了个折衷办法
well top psychologists have settled on a happy medium
5种特质
Five traits
如果你准备评估自己的人格
you should keep these big five traits in mind
那么需要记住这五大人格
as you start to evaluate your own personality
很多人用首字母缩略词
Many people use an acronym
来记帮助记忆大五人格
to remember the Big Five
OCEAN 或 CANOE
ocean or canoe
这五大人格特质分别是
the big five personality traits are
开放性 责任心
openness, conscientiousness
外倾性 宜人性 和神经质性
extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism
在另外的视频中 我会详细介绍其中一种
And I’ll explain one of these in depth in another video
这五大特质都有对应的反义词
Each of these traits has a polar opposite
开放性的反义词是内向性
The opposite of extraversion, is introversion
人格心理学家认为
a trait psychologists believe
每个人都处在
that we all lie somewhere along a scale
这五大特质与其反义词之间
between each of these big five traits and its opposite
比如 你既非内向性也非外向性人格
so example, you are not an introvert, you are not an extrovert,
但你有25%的外向性
but maybe you’re 25% extraversion
和75%的内向性
and 75 % introversion
这只是我自己的一点看法
Now here’s a little bit of my own thoughts
关于这点并没有太多的研究
there’s not very much research on this
但自我提升最主要的一点
but I think one of the main things in self-improvement
就是去突破你人格的局限
is learning to push the boundaries of your personality
也许最开始你有7成内向性
so you might be a 0.7 introverted
随着你不断
well over time
提升自我
as you improve yourself
你可以在五成到九成之间
you can extend your range from 0.5 to 0.9
根据实际情况变换
and depending on your situation
就像一条变色龙
you can change, you can become a chameleon
不断突破限制
and push your boundaries
通过这个视频我想让大家看到
So as I in this video, I want to let you know
这项研究多么激动人心
that this research is really exciting
我很享受阅读这些教材
I had a ton of fun going through all these text books
及学到这些知识的过程
and learning all this type of stuff
难以想象如果我们彻底理解了
Imagine what could really happen
自尊 信任 甚至领导特质的话
if we fully understood self-esteem
又会发生什么神奇的事
or trust, or even leadership traits
如果你还想看看本系列其他视频
If you want to watch the rest of the videos in this series
以了解自己可以如何的有预见性
to learn how predictable that you really are
人格是否能够改变
and if you can actually change your personality
未来是否已成定局
or if your future is set in stone
如果你喜欢这个视频
If you enjoyed this video
也欢迎去看看人格系列中其他视频
feel free to watch some of the other videos in this personality series
如果你想更多了解自己的人格
And if you want to learn more about your own personality
在下方评论里有一个免费的
check out my free three-in-one personality quiz
三合一人格测试
in the description below
它由三种
it basically combines
人格测试组成
three of the major personality quizzes
10分钟内即可做完
into one quiz that you can take in under 10 minutes
它也会预测一些比如
It also predicts some things about you
你的政治立场
like your political stances
人际关系
your relationship style
健康状况等
your health
如果你有兴趣做做
Anyways, the link is in the description below
测试链接就在下方评论区
if you’re interested in that
谢谢大家捧场
and I just wanted to thank you guys for watching
今天的视频较长
This was a longer video than normal
祝大家天天开心
And I hope you have a great day

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视频概述

作者通过自己的理解以及人格心理学家的研究成果,举例介绍了实用的人格心理学,旨在帮助人们更好认识自己和提升自己

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

沁水格格

审核员

审核员_DY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dcsc_EsJmsA

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