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什么是过度白日梦症? – 译学馆
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什么是过度白日梦症?

What is Maladaptive Daydreaming?

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来吧 心理学
Psych2go.net
什么是过度白日梦症?
What is maladaptive daydreaming?
你可曾在上完一节无聊的课之后
Have you ever sat through a boring class
却发现自己走神做起了白日梦?
only to find yourself drifting into a daydream?
或许你刚刚还在幻想躺在天堂上
Maybe you’ve dreamt about laying in paradise
下一秒又是另一个画面了
minutes before it’s checking out of a shift.
多数情况下
In most cases,
当我们希望
we daydream when we wish to be elsewhere
但无法改变现状时
but can’t change the current setting
我们会做白日梦
or a situation just yet.
这听起来无害、有创造力还有趣 对吧?
It sounds harmless, creative and fun, right?
但凡事过度了都是不好的
But, too much of anything is always bad for you.
以下是关于过度白日梦症你要了解的事情
Here’s what you need to know about maladaptive daydreaming.
什么是过度白日梦症?
What is it?
过度白日梦症是
Maladaptive daydreaming is a term
由阿里·索梅尔教授首次提出的术语
first coined by Professor Ali Saumur.
它是一种精神病学现象
It is a psychiatric phenomenon
会影响你对日常任务的
that can interfere with your ability to
执行能力
to carry out daily tasks,
包括学习 工作
including your academics, work and
以及其它正常活动
other regular activities.
索梅尔教授发现
Professor Saumur found that
过度白日梦症会发生在
maladaptive daydreaming occurs in people’s lives
受过严重创伤的人身上
who have suffered from severe trauma.
而这导致
As a result,
他们为逃避痛苦的现实
they would daydream in order to
做起了白日梦
escape their harsh painful realities.
有趣的是 过度白日梦症
What’s interesting about maladaptive daydreaming
并没有出现在DMS手册中
is that it actually isn’t represented in the DMS handbook
心理学家凭借该手册为病人做诊断
that psychologists often refer to in diagnosing patients.
但一些专家认为
However, some professionals believe
这种精神紊乱
it is a mental disorder
会严重影响患者
that can severely affect the individual.
过度白日梦症有哪些症状?
What are the symptoms?
患有过度白日梦症的人
People who experience maladaptive daydreaming
通常因现实生活中的创伤事件
often get triggered by real-life
或无意的提醒而发病
traumatizing events or mere reminders of them.
他们白日梦十分详细生动
They usually have very vivid detailed daydreams
还有很多想象的情节
that contain rich imaginative plots.
在做这些能持续几小时的白日梦
You might whisper during these daydreams
你可能还会喃喃自语
which can last for hours
而这影响你完成任务的能力
and affect your ability to finish tasks.
晚上你还可能会失眠
You might have trouble sleeping at night, too.
过度白日梦症也可以
Maladaptive daydreaming can also coexist
和其它精神疾病同时存在
with other psychiatric problems,
如注意力缺失症 强迫症 抑郁症
including ADD, OCD and depression.
有治疗它的方法吗?
Is there treatment for it?
不幸的是 过度白日梦症
Unfortunately there is no known treatment
没有已知的治疗方法
for maladaptive daydreaming.
但是有些方法
However, there are techniques
可以减轻症状
you can use to reduce the symptoms,
如避开会让你发病的人或
such as avoiding potentially triggering people,
地点或处境
places and situations.
患者也能通过吃药
There is also medication
来控制白日梦
one can take to manage their day dreams.
尽管过度白日梦症
Although maladaptive daydreaming can not
仍无法被专家诊断出来
be diagnosed yet by professionals,
但我们想以开放的心态去处理
we wanted to approach it with an open mind and
并享受和大家一起探索它的乐趣
enjoyed exploring it with you.
我们也在下方简介栏
We also included a helpful resource,
为正在和白日梦斗争的人
provided in the description box for anyone
提供了有用的资源
who may be struggling with dreaming.
你还知道哪些关于
What other interesting facts do you know
过度白日梦症有趣事实呢?
about maladaptive daydreaming?
请在下方和我们分享你的想法
Share your thoughts with us below.
同时一定要订阅我们的频道
Also please be sure to subscribe to
来获得更多有用的技巧
our channel for more helpful tips and
还有要和别人分享本视频哦
share this video with others.
在你们的帮助下
With your help,
我们能让更多的人
we can reach more people to
了解精神和心理问题
spread awareness on the mind and mental health issues.
感谢收看!
Thanks for watching!

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视频概述

过度白日梦会影响工作、学习以及其它生活中的活动。虽然白日梦有趣,有创造性,但过度白日梦是不好的

听录译者

徘徊的小孩

翻译译者

HE

审核员

审核员YZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VxVOuCg-NG0

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