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什么是爱

What is Love? (Love Styles + Triangular Theory) | Psych2Go

嗨 美女帅哥们 最近怎样
Hey, what’s up all you beautiful people.
我是艾希莉
It’s Ashley here.
今天的主题是
And today’s topic is all about
“什么是爱情”
‘What is LOVE’
今天的主题都是关于“爱情”——
Today’s subject is all about love,
人类所知的最甜蜜 最温暖的感觉
the sweetest, the warmest feeling knowing to mankind,
不用提我多喜欢“爱情”了
needless to say I love ‘love’.
我写了不止一部浪漫同人小说
I write one to many romantic fan fictions.
我收到一些微博客的要求 让我做一个关于爱情或恋爱的视频
I received a tumblr askes to do a video on love or relationship.
于是 这个视频就来啦
So, here we go.
这个视频会分成2部分
So this video is gonna be broken down into two parts.
首先我们会讲到爱情类型
First we’re gonna talk about love styles.
之后我们会讲讲“爱情三角理论”
And then we’re gonna talk about the triangular theory of love.
让我们从爱情类型开始说
So let’s start with love style.
人们的爱情有多种展开方式
Now there are loads of operations of how people love.
这最先由约翰·艾伦·李提出
It was originally developed by John Allen Lee.
他定义了6种基础爱情类型
He identified 6 basic love styles,
或称“爱情色彩”
or colors of love.
人们将这些用于人际关系
And these are what people use in their interpersonal relationships.
很快地解释一下
Real quick,
人际
interpersonal,
这是与爱情
that is of all relating to relationships,
或人与人之间的沟通相关的
or communication between people.
第1种爱情类型
Love style No.1
情欲之爱
‘Eros’
这是一种赋有激情 生理上的 情感上的爱情
Now this is a passionate, physical and emotional love
让人想要满足
of wanting to satisfy,
创造性满足 安全感
create sexual contentment, security,
和彼此的美觉享受
and aesthetic enjoyment for each other.
这也包括了通过努力摒弃与外人
This also includes creating sexual security for the other
分享私密的性自我的权利
by striving to forsake options of
为另一半创造性安全感
sharing one’s intimate and sexual self with outsiders.
下一个是“游戏之爱”
The next one is ‘Ludus’.
这是用于那些
Now this style is used by those
将爱情视为想要彼此互娱互乐的关系
who see love as a desiring to want to have fun with each other,
进行一些户外或室内活动
to do outdoor and indoor activities,
逗乐 放纵
teasing indulgent,
互相做一些无害的恶作剧
playing harmless pranks on each other.
获得爱和关注
The acquisition of love and intention itself
可能也是游戏的一部分
may be part of the game.
这种类型主要用于那些把爱情当作游戏的人
This style is used by those who see love as a game
他们想要“赢得”尽可能多的伴侣
and want to ‘win’ as many partners as possible.
他们关注的是当下的乐趣
The focus is on having fun in the moment.
因此
And therefore,
这种关系持续比较短
relationships of this sort tend to be very short.
第3种是“友谊之爱”
The third one is ‘Storge’.
这种爱情类型从友谊慢慢开始
This style of love grows slowly out of friendship
更多的是基于相似的兴趣
and is based more on similar interests
和对对方的承诺
and in commitment to one another,
而不是激情
rather than on passion.
第4种是“现实之爱”
No.4 is ‘Pragma’.
这种爱情基于
Now, this love style is based on
对实际和现实的感觉
the perceptions of practicality and realism.
偏好这种类型的人们
People who prefre the style
用一种“商业式”方式发展关系
approach their relationship in a ‘business like’ fashion
寻找能分享共同目标的伴侣
and look for partners with whom they can share common goals.
下一个是“狂热之爱”
The next one is ‘Mania’.
这种类型一般是随自尊
This love style usually flows out of low self-esteem,
和对伴侣爱的需求而来
and a need to be loved by one’s partner.
这种类型的爱人有很强的占有欲和嫉妒心
Lovers of this sort usually become very possessive and jealous.
最后一种是“奉献之爱”
And the last one is ‘Agape’.
在这种形式的爱中
In this style of love,
一个人愿意为他们的伴侣牺牲任何东西
the person is willing to sacrifice anything for their partner.
这种爱是基于并不存在的责任感
It is based on an unvirtuable commitment
和一种无条件的无私的爱
and an unconditional selfless love.
好了 这就是所有类型的“爱”
All right, that was love styles.
下面我们进入本视频的下一部分
Now we’re gonna go on to next part of the video,
即名为“爱情三角”的理论
which is called the triangular theory of love.
这一理论由心理学家罗伯特·斯滕伯格提出
This theory was developed by psychologist Robert Sternberg.
爱有三个组成部分
Love has 3 components:
亲密 激情和责任感
intimacy, passion and commitment.
亲密驱动
Imtimacy encompasses the feelings of
依恋 亲近
attachment, closeness,
连接 限制等感觉
connectedness and boundedness.
有这个词吗?
There’s such a word?
是的 有这个词
Oh yeah, there is.
激情激发着动力
Passion encompasses drives,
与痴恋和性吸引都有关系
connected to both limerence and sexual attraction.
而责任感 简言之就是驱动着
And commitment, which encompasses, in short term,
和另一个人保持恋爱关系
the decision to remain with one another
并与之做长期计划的决定
and in a long-term plan to make with the other.
因此 在这三个组成成分的基础上
So, based on the 3 components of love,
我们实际上就能够得到7种不同类型的爱
we can actually have 7 different varieties of love.
嗯……其实是8种
Well, there’re actually 8,
但是第一种不包括在内
but the first one is not included.
第一种是“无爱”
The first one is ‘non love’.
它不包括这些成分中的任何一个
It consists of none of the components.
“无爱”的特点体现在我们大多数的个人关系
Non love characterizes the large majority of our personal relationships,
就是简单的日常交往
which are simply casual interactions.
第二种是“喜欢/友谊”关系
The second one is ‘liking/friendship’.
这里包含了爱情里的亲密成分
This consists of the intimacy component of love.
具体指一个人在恋爱中经历的
It refers to the set of feelings
各种感觉
one experiences in a relationship
而这些感觉确实可以被归为“友谊”范畴
that can truly be categorized as friendship.
就是一个人对另一个人感到
One feels closeness,
亲近 有益而且温暖
bonus and warm towards the other,
却没有强烈的激情
without the feelings of intense passion
或负有长期责任的感觉
or long-term commitment.
“迷恋的爱”包含激情成分
‘Infatuated love’ consists of the passion component.
浪漫的爱情通常是从迷恋的爱开始
Romantic relationships often start out as infatuated love
然后再随着之间的亲密与日俱增
and become romantic love
变成浪漫的爱
as intimacy develops over time.
但如果没有继续发展亲密或责任感
But without developing intimacy or commitment,
迷恋的爱可能会立刻消失
infatuated love may disappear suddenly.
“浪漫的爱”?
‘Romantic love’?
我说“浪漫的爱”是什么意思?
What do I mean by romantic love?
“浪漫的爱”包括激情和亲密
Well, romantic love consists of passion and intimacy.
浪漫的爱人之间不仅会在生理上互相吸引
Romantic lovers are not only drawn physically to each other,
而且情感上也连接在一起
but they’re also bounded emotionally.
但是却不包含持续的责任感
But it’s without sustaining commitment.
下一个是“空洞的爱情”
The next one is ‘Empty love’.
这种爱情只包括责任
Now this one is categorized by commitment only,
没有亲密或激情
and there’s no intimacy or passion.
但举个例子 在包办婚姻中
But for example, in an arranged marriage,
伴侣之间的关系可能就是从“空洞的爱情”开始的
the spouse’s relationship may begin as empty love
然后再发展成为另一种形式的爱情
and develop into another form,
这也暗示着“空洞的爱情”不必成为
indicating how empty love need not be the terminal state
长期的恋爱关系的最后阶段
for the long-term relationship.
“伴侣式爱情”
‘Companionate love’.
这是一种亲密的没有激情的爱情
Now this is an intimate non-passionate type of love
比友谊要牢固
that stronger than friendship,
因为其中包含长期责任感的因素
because of the element of long-term commitment.
在已经没有激情
This type of love is observed in long-term marriages
但是却有深深的爱恋和责任感的
where passion is no longer present,
婚姻中可以看到这种爱情
but where a deep affection and commitment remain.
理想地说 家人之间分享的爱
This love ideally shared between family members
就是“伴侣式爱情”的一种形式
is a form of compassionate love,
这种爱就像亲密朋友之间的爱
as is the love between close friends
一种柏拉图式的但却坚固的友谊
who have a platonic but strong friendship.
下一个是“愚昧的爱”
And next one is ‘Fatuous love’.
这种爱包含激情和责任感
This is passion and commitment.
从这种意义上来说 “愚昧的爱”就是在激情的基础上
Fatuous love in the sense that a commitment is made on the basis of passion,
不随着亲密关系的稳步发展而建立起责任感
without the stablizing influence of intimate involvement.
最后一种爱
And the very last one of love
是“完美式爱情”
is ‘Consummate love’.
它包含所有……
Now this has all 3…
爱的所有3种成分
all 3 components of love,
亲密 激情和责任感
intimacy, passion and commitment.
这是最完美的爱情形式
It is the complete form of love,
象征着一种人们不断努力追求的
representing an ideal relationship
理想恋爱关系
which people strive towards.
在这7种爱情之中
Of the 7 varieties of love,
“完美式爱情”理论上是
consummate love is theorized to be the love
完美恋人之间的爱情
that is associated with the perfect couple.
好啦你已经知道
And there you have it,
爱情三角理论了
the triangular theory of love.
你也明白了
And there you have it.
爱情
Love.
谁说爱情不复杂的?
Who said that it wasn’t complicated.
很显然 爱情是一个内容非常非常广泛的话题
Obviously love is a very very wide topic,
这次我只讨论了人际关系中的爱情
in this case I only talked about interpersonal love.
但我还是希望你们喜欢这次视频
So I hope you guys enjoy it nontheless.
好啦 我说完了
Well, that is my time.
十分感谢大家的观看!
Thank you so much for watching this video.
我所有资源的链接
The links to all of my sources
都在说明栏下方哦
are in the description box below.

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译制信息
视频概述

爱有几种形式?你知道“爱情三角理论”吗?

听录译者

可可天使

翻译译者

海参崴

审核员

审核员 DL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_MHdz_FzPHE

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