It’s AumSum Time.
What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
It is a drone used to find pizzerias.
Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS is a mix of intestinal symptoms,
which may include discomfort, bloating, pain, diarrhea, constipation, etc.
它包括不适 腹胀 疼痛 腹泻 便秘等
The exact causes of IBS are unknown,
but experts believe that
a combination of the following factors leads to IBS.
Firstly, poorly coordinated nerve signals between our brain and gut,
cause abnormal contractions in the muscles of our intestines.
If the abnormal contractions are too fast, the food moves faster,
making it difficult for our intestines to absorb excess water,
thus causing diarrhea.
Whereas, if they are too slow,
the food moves very slowly, causing constipation.
Secondly, hyper sensitivity to certain food or pain
may contribute to IBS.
Thirdly, bacterial infection
may lead to loss of useful bacteria in our intestines.
Thus triggering IBS.
Lastly, experts believe that hormones may also have a role to play,
because IBS is more common in females than males.
What causes diarrhea?
Intense love for restrooms.
Diarrhea is a condition in which we frequently passing these watery stools.
Let’s see some causes of diarrhea.
Firstly, during digestion bile acid produced by the liver
is absorbed by the small intestine.
However, in a condition called bile acid malabsorption,
the bile is not absorbed.
Hence the bile enters the large intestine and begins to irritate its lining,
this stimulates the release of water and salts,
thus producing watery stool.
Secondly, the function of our large intestine is to contract and push the undigested food
其次 大肠的功能是收缩 推动未消化的食物
and absorb excess water.
However, in a disorder called irritable bowel syndrome,
the large intestine doesn’t contract normally.
It pushes the food too fast, affecting the absorption of water,
thus leading to diarrhea.
Lastly, a harmful parasite called Giardia
also interrupts the process of absorb of water and our intestines,
What is Constipation?
After much of the digestion and absorption of nutrients,
the unwanted food or stool
which is in a liquid state flows to the large intestine or colon,
here by means of a series of muscular contractions and relaxations,
the stool is pushed or moved through the colon.
As the stool moves,
water is absorbed from the stool making it more solid.
Finally, the stool enters the rectum,
when the rectum is full and stretched,
the nerves of the rectum sends signals to the brain.
At this point, we decide whether to expel the stool or retain it.
Going to the toilet and expelling the waste
is a part of our daily routine.
However, sometimes due to the slow muscle contractions,
the stool passes slower than usual through the colon.
As a result, excess water is absorbed making the stool very hard.
结果 过多的水分被吸收 使得粪便很硬
Such a condition in which an individual has hard stool
but as difficult to expel is called Constipation
Is it bad to hold our urine?
Dude, right now I’m not in a state to answer you.
Okay, I’ll explain.
Our body has various ways
to get rid of unwanted waste materials.
One of these ways is through urine.
Urine is a liquid waste, consisting of unwanted materials
like water, salts, urea, uric acid, etc.
如水 盐 尿素 尿酸等组成
The urinary system consists of two kidneys,
two ureters, a urinary bladder and urethra.
The two kidneys filter blood and produce urine
which flows through the ureters
and starts getting collected in the urinary bladder.
When our urinary bladder starts getting full
and it begins to stretch or expand,
the nerves of the bladder inform the brain to produce an urge to urinate.
Now when we want to urinate,
the bladder contracts and the urine flows out of the body through the urethra
Once in a while, it’s okay to hold our urine.
But stress and pressures of modern life
make us hold our urine more often and for longer periods,
which can have negative effects on our health.
For example, in wet and warm bladder of urine
is the perfect breeding ground for harmful bacteria.
Hence if we don’t empty the bladder regularly,
then the bacteria are more likely to grow and multiply,
causing urinary tract infection or UTI.
Holding the urine can also
cause the bladder to remain expanded or stretched for too long,
this may make it difficult for the bladder
to contract normally while urinating,
as a result, the bladder will not be emptied completely
which can lead to discomfort, pain and other serious problems.
Sometimes the excess urine in bladder even flow back to the kidneys,
causing kidney damage or kidney infection.
In very rare cases,
the bladder may even burst, risking the life of the individual.
It’s AumSum Time.