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什么是肠易激综合征

What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome? | #aumsum

It’s AumSum Time.
《奥萨小课堂》来啦
What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
什么是肠易激综合征?
It is a drone used to find pizzerias.
这是一架用来寻找披萨店的无人机
No.

Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS is a mix of intestinal symptoms,
肠易激综合征或IBS是多种肠道症状的混合
which may include discomfort, bloating, pain, diarrhea, constipation, etc.
它包括不适 腹胀 疼痛 腹泻 便秘等
The exact causes of IBS are unknown,
虽然IBS的确切病因尚不清楚
but experts believe that
但专家认为
a combination of the following factors leads to IBS.
以下几种因素将引发IBS
Firstly, poorly coordinated nerve signals between our brain and gut,
首先 大脑和肠道之间神经信号协调不良
cause abnormal contractions in the muscles of our intestines.
就会引起肠道肌肉的异常收缩
If the abnormal contractions are too fast, the food moves faster,
若这种异常收缩过快 食物会移动地更快
making it difficult for our intestines to absorb excess water,
使肠道难以吸收多余的水分
thus causing diarrhea.
从而引起腹泻
Whereas, if they are too slow,
反之 若这种异常收缩过慢
the food moves very slowly, causing constipation.
进而食物移动缓慢 最终导致便秘
Secondly, hyper sensitivity to certain food or pain
其次 对某些食物或疼痛的过度敏感
may contribute to IBS.
可能会导致IBS
Thirdly, bacterial infection
第三 细菌感染
may lead to loss of useful bacteria in our intestines.
可能会导致肠道内有益细菌的损失
Thus triggering IBS.
从而引发IBS
Lastly, experts believe that hormones may also have a role to play,
最后 专家认为激素可能也有一定作用
because IBS is more common in females than males.
因为女性比男性更易患肠易激综合征
What causes diarrhea?
什么原因会导致腹泻?
Intense love for restrooms.
对洗手间的热爱
Diarrhea is a condition in which we frequently passing these watery stools.
腹泻是一种经常排出水样粪便的疾病
Let’s see some causes of diarrhea.
让我们看看腹泻的一些原因
Firstly, during digestion bile acid produced by the liver
首先 在消化过程中由肝脏产生的胆汁酸
is absorbed by the small intestine.
被小肠吸收
However, in a condition called bile acid malabsorption,
但在胆汁酸吸收不良的情况下
the bile is not absorbed.
胆汁却没有被吸收
Hence the bile enters the large intestine and begins to irritate its lining,
因此 胆汁进入大肠并开始刺激其内壁
this stimulates the release of water and salts,
这刺激了水和盐的释放
thus producing watery stool.
由此产生了水样粪便
Secondly, the function of our large intestine is to contract and push the undigested food
其次 大肠的功能是收缩 推动未消化的食物
and absorb excess water.
并且吸收多余的水
However, in a disorder called irritable bowel syndrome,
然而 在一种叫做肠易激综合征的疾病中
the large intestine doesn’t contract normally.
大肠不能正常收缩
It pushes the food too fast, affecting the absorption of water,
它把食物推得太快 影响了水的吸收
thus leading to diarrhea.
从而导致腹泻
Lastly, a harmful parasite called Giardia
最后 一种叫做贾第鞭毛虫的有害寄生虫
also interrupts the process of absorb of water and our intestines,
也会干扰我们吸收水分和肠道的过程
causing diarrhea.
导致腹泻
What is Constipation?
什么是便秘?
After much of the digestion and absorption of nutrients,
经过大量的营养物质的消化和吸收
the unwanted food or stool
不需要的食物或粪便
which is in a liquid state flows to the large intestine or colon,
以液体状态流入大肠或结肠
here by means of a series of muscular contractions and relaxations,
通过一系列的肌肉的收缩和放松
the stool is pushed or moved through the colon.
粪便在结肠中被推动或移动
As the stool moves,
随着粪便的移动
water is absorbed from the stool making it more solid.
粪便中的水被吸收 粪便变得更成形
Finally, the stool enters the rectum,
最后 粪便进入直肠
when the rectum is full and stretched,
当直肠被充满并且发生拉伸时
the nerves of the rectum sends signals to the brain.
它的神经向大脑发出信号
At this point, we decide whether to expel the stool or retain it.
这时候 我们要决定是排便还是憋着
Going to the toilet and expelling the waste
上厕所排便
is a part of our daily routine.
是我们日常生活的一部分
However, sometimes due to the slow muscle contractions,
然而 有时由于缓慢的肌肉收缩
the stool passes slower than usual through the colon.
粪便通过结肠的速度比平时慢
As a result, excess water is absorbed making the stool very hard.
结果 过多的水分被吸收 使得粪便很硬
Such a condition in which an individual has hard stool
因此当粪便过硬而难以排出时
but as difficult to expel is called Constipation
这种情况就被称为便秘
Is it bad to hold our urine?
憋尿对身体不好吗?
Dude, right now I’m not in a state to answer you.
伙计 我现在没办法回答你
Okay, I’ll explain.
好吧 我来解释一下
Our body has various ways
我们的身体有各种方法
to get rid of unwanted waste materials.
来处理不想要的废物
One of these ways is through urine.
其中一种方式就是排尿
Urine is a liquid waste, consisting of unwanted materials
尿液是一种液体废物 由不需要的物质
like water, salts, urea, uric acid, etc.
如水 盐 尿素 尿酸等组成
The urinary system consists of two kidneys,
泌尿系统由两个肾脏
two ureters, a urinary bladder and urethra.
两个输尿管 一个膀胱和尿道组成
The two kidneys filter blood and produce urine
两个肾过滤血液并产生尿液
which flows through the ureters
尿液流经输尿管
and starts getting collected in the urinary bladder.
在膀胱中开始聚集
When our urinary bladder starts getting full
当我们的膀胱逐渐充满
and it begins to stretch or expand,
膀胱肌肉受到拉伸
the nerves of the bladder inform the brain to produce an urge to urinate.
膀胱神经就会通知大脑产生排尿的冲动
Now when we want to urinate,
当我们想要排尿的时候
the bladder contracts and the urine flows out of the body through the urethra
膀胱收缩 尿液通过尿道排到体外
Once in a while, it’s okay to hold our urine.
偶尔憋尿是可以的
But stress and pressures of modern life
但是现代生活的压力和紧迫感
make us hold our urine more often and for longer periods,
让我们更频繁 更长时间地憋尿
which can have negative effects on our health.
这些会对我们的健康有负面影响
For example, in wet and warm bladder of urine
例如 潮湿和温暖的膀胱尿液
is the perfect breeding ground for harmful bacteria.
是有害细菌的完美滋生地
Hence if we don’t empty the bladder regularly,
因此 如果我们不定期排空膀胱
then the bacteria are more likely to grow and multiply,
那么细菌更有可能生长和繁殖
causing urinary tract infection or UTI.
从而引起泌尿道感染
Holding the urine can also
长期憋尿还会
cause the bladder to remain expanded or stretched for too long,
导致膀胱扩张或拉伸
this may make it difficult for the bladder
这可能会使其在排尿时
to contract normally while urinating,
难以正常收缩
as a result, the bladder will not be emptied completely
因此 膀胱无法完全排空
which can lead to discomfort, pain and other serious problems.
导致出现不适感 疼痛感以及其他严重的问题
Sometimes the excess urine in bladder even flow back to the kidneys,
有时膀胱内多余的尿液甚至会回流到肾脏
causing kidney damage or kidney infection.
造成肾脏损伤或肾脏感染
In very rare cases,
在非常罕见的情况下
the bladder may even burst, risking the life of the individual.
膀胱甚至可能破裂 危及个人的生命

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视频概述

这个小视频形象介绍了肠易激综合征这种功能性疾病的特征和产生因素,还介绍了腹泻、便秘的由来并说明它们是如何产生的以及向我们说明了憋尿对人身体的危害

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

肥嘟嘟左卫门

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZuNPynB_cJU

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