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达沃斯是什么?

What is Davos? | CNBC Explains

This is Davos, Switzerland.
这里是瑞士的达沃斯
For 51weeks of the year, it’s a traditional resort town in the Alps.
一年51周都是阿尔卑斯山的休闲圣地
But for one week,
但有一周
it turns into the meeting place of some of the world’s most powerful leaders
它会变成一些重要国家领导人的会面地点
达沃斯是什么?
Every January, some of the biggest names in business and government
每年一月 一些商界及政界的名人
come here for the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum.
来到这里参加年度世界经济论坛
Think presidents and prime ministers.
比如各国总统 总理
And business heavyweights.
以及商业巨头等
It’s popular among celebrities, too.
还包括各界名流
So why do all of these people come to the snowy Alps
他们为何要到多雪的阿尔卑斯山
for a conference about the economy?
来参加一个经济会议呢?
Let me take you back nearly five decades to understand.
让我来带你们了解下过去五十年的情况
It was 1971,
一九七一年的时候
when 450 participants from 31 countries
来自三十一国的450名参与者
gathered in Davos for the inaugural European Management Symposium.
聚集在达沃斯参加首届欧洲管理研讨会
The meeting was called by this guy, a German professor named Klaus Schwab.
该会议由德国专家克劳斯·施瓦布发起
Schwab wanted business leaders to brainstorm how Europe’s major firms
施瓦布希望商业领袖们集思广益共同探讨
could be more competitive with their American counterparts.
如何让欧洲公司比美国同类公司更胜一筹
He said, Davos,
他说 达沃斯
which was already a top holiday destination for Europe’s elite,
本就是欧洲精英人士首选的休假胜地
had “all of the elements for hosting a productive working retreat for top CEOs.”
具备接待顶级领导人高效工作的一切要素
By 1974,
到1974年
the world was facing an oil crisis, the collapse of a fixed exchange rate system,
全球石油危机 固定汇率制度崩塌
and fallout from the Arab-Israeli War.
以及阿以战争爆发
The line between economics and politics was getting blurrier.
使得经济与政治间的界线更加模糊
So, political leaders were invited to Davos for the first time.
因此 政治领袖们首次受邀来到达沃斯
And by 1987, the institution had become so global
到1987年 该机构越来越全球化
that it changed its name to the World Economic Forum.
因此更名为世界经济论坛
Today, the World Economic Forum is an international non-profit organization
如今 世界经济论坛属于国际非盈利组织
with about 600 employees.
拥有近六百名工作人员
It’s funded by some of biggest companies in the world.
它是由部分全球最大的公司给予资助
And the price for membership isn’t cheap,
会员费较高
ranging from roughly $60,000 to $600,000.
约在六万至六十万美元之间
On top of that,
更重要的是
some company CEOs have to pay an additional fee to participate in Davos.
部分公司总裁为参加论坛必须支付附加费
So it’s not surprising the gathering has gotten a reputation
因此 毫不奇怪 该论坛被誉为
as a place where rich, middle-aged, mostly, men hang out.
中年高富帅们的聚会
Among Davos’ 3,000 participants in 2017,
2017年 达沃斯三千名与会者中
only a fifth were women.
女性仅占五分之一
99 countries were represented,
虽有九十九个国家派代表出席
but two-thirds of participants came from Western Europe and North America.
但有三分之二的人员来自西欧和北美地区
Every year’s meeting has a theme,
每年会议都有个主题
highlighting topics like technological change,
强调一些话题 如技术变革
globalization, or economic prosperity.
全球化或经济繁荣
Badges are different colors, and since security is super tight,
由于治安十分严格 证件有颜色区分
each color gives you access to a different part of the conference.
每种颜色的证件能让你出入相对应的会议
But what everyone really wants is the white badge,
但是每个人真正想得到的是白色证件
which is your ticket to some of the most exclusive panels and events.
靠它能进入一些最高级的座谈会及活动
And for many at Davos, the action doesn’t happen on stage.
达沃斯中大部分活动都不会大肆宣传
It’s about meetings behind closed doors and invite-only parties away from the main event.
主要是远离主场的闭门会议及限邀派对
The World Economic Forum says it aims to address global challenges
世界经济论坛旨在为处理全球性挑战
by bringing together the influential people who have the ability to make change.
聚集有能力做出改变的风云人物
But lately,
但最近
Davos has been a frequent target of populist anger on the left and right.
左右两派民粹主义人士猛烈抨击达沃斯
Critics say Davos is all about champagne and cocktails.
批评者称 达沃斯充斥着香槟美酒
They say the Davos elites put on a show about fixing inequality,
称达沃斯精英们在上演解决全球差异化的真人秀
when it’s really all talk and no action.
而实际上都是空谈
So maybe it’s no surprise the World Economic Forum made its 2018 theme,
也难怪2018年世界经济论坛主题会是
“Creating a Shared Future in a Fractured World.”
“在破碎的世界中创造共享的未来”
Hey everyone it’s Elizabeth.
我是伊丽莎白
Thanks so much for watching our video from snowy Davos here.
非常感谢观看来自雪中达沃斯的视频
You can check out more of our videos over here,
右手边能看到更多我们的视频
and be sure to leave any of your ideas for future CNBC Explains in our comments section.
评论区留下观点 用于CNBC解读频道
See you later!
再会!

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