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但丁《神曲炼狱篇》讲解 – 译学馆
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但丁《神曲炼狱篇》讲解

What is Dante's Purgatorio? | Overview & Summary!

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Welcome to I Am Your Target Demographic and
今天继续讲述《神曲》
today we’re continuing the Divine Comedy,
但丁·阿利盖利的《神曲三部曲》
a trio of poems written by Dante Alegheri.
回顾一下第一部分的内容 但丁和向导维吉尔刚刚
To recap, Dante and his guide Virgil have just traveled
游历完整个地狱
through the entirety of Hell
来到地球的另一端
and emerged from the other side of the Earth,
继续前往天堂
ready to make the ascent towards heaven.
所以 让我们从第二篇《炼狱》开始
So let’s begin Purgatorio, the second sectionof the poem.
维吉尔与但丁站在山脚
Virgil and Dante stand at the base of a mountain,
这座山在路西法闯入地球时产生
which was created when Lucifer crashed into the Earth.
这座山通往天堂的阶梯
This mountain is the ascension to Heaven,
旅途从一处大厅开始
so it begins with another lobby of sorts,
叫做安特炼狱
called the Ante-Purgatory.
亡魂在此等待升入天堂
These are people waiting to ascend,
大厅中的人或是被开除教籍
usually in this lobby because they were excommunicated
或是悔罪过晚
or they repented too late in life.
但丁总结道
Dante made a point to include
信徒还在人世时的行为能够影响灵魂在炼狱逗留的时间
that the prayers of the living could affect how long a soul lingered in purgatory.
若人在生前忏悔太晚
If someone repented late in life,
他需要长久等待才能通往天堂
they must wait for a lengthy period before ascending.
这里共有七级阶梯 分别与七宗罪相关
There are seven terraces, each one loosely tied to the seven deadly sins.
不同于地狱的惩罚或折磨
Instead of being punished and tortured like in Inferno,
当你走上阶梯时
as you ascend the terraces you
是在为过去的罪行赎罪
atone for these sins from the past.
第一级是“傲慢”
The first terrace is pride,
亡灵在此受折磨
where the souls there are humbled and humiliated by having
被巨石压背 永不得直起
to carry massive boulders on their backs and are forever hunched over.
第二级是“嫉妒”
The second terrace is envy,
人因妄图得到他人之物而获惩
where people are punished for wanting what is someone else’s.
有人双眼被缝
Some are blinded by their eyes being sewnshut.
在第三级阶梯 愤怒者受惩
The wrathful are being punished in the third terrace,
被黑烟围绕
where a thick black smoke surrounds
置身孤独之中
them and makes them feel alone.
怯弱者却双目明晰
Some even see visions in the darkness, visions and examples of meekness,
正与愤怒者相反
which is the opposite to wrath.
第四级阶梯
In the fourth terrace,
懒人在此处
we have those that were slothful in life and here,
他们必须跑动 如同热爱生命者一样呐喊
they must race and shout about people that showed zealin life.
他们终将为其懒惰赎罪
they will eventually make up for the sloth they exhibited
第五级阶梯
In the fifth terrace,
维吉尔与但丁看到贪婪者与挥霍者
Virgil and Dante encounter the greedy and the reckless spenders
他们正面部朝下 动弹不得 萎靡不振
who are penitent here by being bound facedown, unable to moveor gather anything.
他们必须去理解超越物质和金钱的爱
They must show an understanding of love beyond physical goods and money,
所以他们口呼
so they shout out
慷慨者之名
examples of generosity.
在去达第六级阶梯前
Before we get to terrace six,
但丁与维吉尔遭遇一场地震
there is an earthquake for Dante and Virgil, a sign that
一个灵魂已悔过 能够去达天堂
another soul has repented and is now ableto enter paradise.
他们到达了“贪食”阶梯
The two of them now enter the gluttonous terrace,
贪食者生前不停进食
where those that feasted nonstop in life are forced
死后忍饥受渴
to starve and thirst.
他们登上第七阶 即将到顶
Almost to the peak, they enter terrace seven,
贪欲者从烈火中穿行
where the lustful walk through flames,
他们必须完全抛弃身体 高声歌颂贞洁
where they must show disregard for their bodies completely, shouting stories of chastity.
为离开此地
To leave this terrace,
但丁得走过一堵火墙
Dante must also walk through a wall of flame, .
因为他有心爱之人——在天堂等他的贝阿特丽切
which he does so only because the woman he loves, Beatrice,awaits him in paradise.
这就是《炼狱》篇末的大致内容
And that basically ends Purgatorio, at leastthe major points.
最终但丁可以进入天堂了
Dante stands ready to ascend into the heavens,
这将在下周的《天堂篇》中介绍
which will continue into next week’s Paradiso.
感谢观看三部曲中的第二篇《炼狱》
Thanks for watching the second part of the trilogy of the Divine Comedy: Purgatorio.
如果想收看《天堂篇》
If you want to see Paradiso and it’s been a week,
下周请到这里查看
you can check it out right here.
如果未找到 那就是还未完成
If there’s nothing there, it’s not out yet.
你可以看其他视频
Or you can check out other What Is videos right here
看看其他有趣的东西
about other sorts of cool things.
感谢收看
Thanks for watching!

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