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什么是麻醉 – 译学馆
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什么是麻醉

What is Anesthesia? – Anesthesiology | Medical Education Videos

女士们 先生们 你们好
Hello, ladies and gentlemen.
以下的问题和回答
Here are series of questions and answers
会引起你对麻醉的思考
that start you thinking about anesthesiology.
同时我会简短描述麻醉学的历史
I’ll follow that with a short history of the specialty,
并且讨论 麻醉是怎样改变我们的世界的
and a discussion on how anesthesiology has changed the world.
人们问我的一个普通的 但也同时合乎常理的问题是
A common question i am asked is a reasonable question
为什么有人告诉我 在手术过程中我会进入睡眠状态
I’ve been told I will be asleep during my surgery.
如果我真的睡着了 我觉得手术不可能进行得了
I don’t think surgery could be performed on me if I were just asleep.
全身麻醉和睡觉一样吗
Is general anesthesia the same as sleep?
全身麻醉不只是进入深度睡眠
General anethesia is not just deeper sleep.
拿它与可逆性昏迷
It’s much better compared
比较更为恰当
to a state of reversible coma.
这种昏迷状态 可以人为 同时也可以使之苏醒
It’s a kind of coma that we can induce and we can reverse.
没错 它是可逆的
and yes,we can reverse it.
你可以从麻醉状态醒来
and you will wake up from your anesthetic.
我被问的第二个很常见的问题是:为什么有人告诉我 在手术过程中
The second common question i am asked is: I have been told that i will be paralyzed
我会处于瘫痪状态
during my surgery.
那岂不是很危险? 我如何呼吸呢?
Isn’t this dangerous? How will i breath?
以下是我的学生的回应 他们的反应是:
the statement all from the company by my students whose statements like
那太变态了 你怎么能这么对病人呢
That’s really gross!And how could you do that to people?
问题的答案是 的确可能如此
The answer is you may be paralyzed during your surgery
如果外科医生希望病人肌肉松弛
If the surgeon requires muscle relaxations
从而保证手术成功并且安全
they complete the surgery successfully and safely
或者如果麻醉师必须要在你的气管上安装呼吸管 这两种情况都会使得你在术中处于瘫痪状态
or if the anesthesiologist must place a breathing tube in your trachea.
麻醉师不仅仅要负责控制你的呼吸
The anethesiologist is just responsible for managing your breathing.
同时也要确保你术后苏醒时不会对整个手术过程
and will make sure that you have no memory
留下印象
for this whole experience.
第三个问题是:我会记得手术过程吗
Third question that’s common they ask is:Will i remember being operated upon?
你会记得你走进了手术室
You will remember entering the operating room and
医生向你介绍 参与本次手术的团队
being introduced to the team members that are going to involved in you surgery.
然后你就会被麻醉 从而消除你对整个手术
You will then be given an anesthetic which will eliminate all memory
过程的记忆
of the surgical experience itself.
手术过程中你不会苏醒
And you will not be awaken and you will not reform your memory,
手术完全结束后你会重拾记忆
until the surgery is completed.
麻醉过后 我会很疼吗
After the anesthetic is gone,won’t i have a lot of pain?
如果麻醉操作恰当 麻醉师会确保减轻病人的疼痛感
When anesthesia is properly delivered,the provider would ensure the pain prevention
止痛是护理的关键所在
is an important aspect of the care
在手术结束前 麻醉师会给你
Before the end of surgery,the anesthesiologist will provide you
镇痛剂
with pain killers
这样你醒来的时候就不会太疼了
that would produce good pain relief when you wake up.
除此之外 在术后恢复期间
In addition,that nurses in the recovery room
如果你需要镇痛剂的话 护士也会向你提供
will give you additional pain relief if you require it.
这个是牛津字典上
So here’s a definition
对麻醉的定义
from the Oxford Dictionary.
它指的不是睡着了
It is not sleep
一般来说 在睡眠状态下是无法进行手术的
Surgery cannot be performed under conditions of normal sleep period.
字典上说 麻痹全身
the Oxford Dictionary says,An anesthetic that affects the whole body
同时通常情况下造成意识缺失
and usually causes a loss of consciousness:
的麻醉 就是全麻
I.E. he had the operation under general anesthesia
这里的关键词是可逆性的 药物诱发的意识缺失
the critical word here is A reversible drug-induce state of unconsciousness
它和昏迷状态很类似
which is characterized by a coma-like state
但是一切处于麻醉师的操控之下
under the control of an anesthetist
有些国家 麻醉师一词会用anesthesiologist 反正一样了
the term it is also known as anesthesiologist depending what part of the world you’re in
麻醉经常与肌肉瘫痪有关
It’s often associated with muscle paralysis
它也经常会与
It’s always associated with profound
手术时的失忆有关
amnesia for the surgical event.
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You’ve just completed the first video of the world’s
第一期视频
best medical exam preparation
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Lecturio brings the knowledge of worldwide leading medical
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experts and teaching a world-winners
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prepare yourself,and check your progress with thousands of
你的学习进度 题目都依据美国医师执照考试标准制定
quiz questions,customize to USMLE standard
最棒的是
And the very best,
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you can get in touch with our medical experts personally.
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Visit lecturio.com Now
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And continue with the most insipring medical
最具影响力的医学教育类视频
education around the globe
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anytime,anywhere

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视频概述

听说麻醉就是眼睛一闭一睁手术就over的神奇东东?听说麻醉时你会出于瘫痪状态?听说麻醉失效后你的疼痛感会席卷而来?以上这些问题看完这期视频你就会茅塞顿开,不容错过的好视频尽在lectueio!

听录译者

小山米

翻译译者

打完沁园好睡觉

审核员

Ah~Qiu

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PfRi6NnQi78

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