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地震是什么 – 译学馆
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地震是什么

What Is An Earthquake? | The Dr. Binocs Show | Educational Videos For Kids

You’re laughing, right?
你是不是在笑?
Watching me tumble like that?
看到我刚刚摔了一跤?
Are you?
我没说错吧?
Oh! No no, go ahead!
噢!没关系 没关系 还是放过你们吧!
But hey, do you know what just happened?
不过话说回来 你知道刚刚发生了什么吗?
There we go again!
又来了!
Well, this is nothing but an earthquake, a small one indeed.
呃 这不过就是一场小地震
Come, let me tell you about Earthquakes today!
来吧 今天我们就来聊聊地震
Zoom In!
闪亮登场!
The surface of the Earth is like a jigsaw puzzle.
地球的表面就像一块七巧板一样
Yes, it’s not a single piece of land
对哦 它可不只是一块简单的陆地
but approximately 20 pieces of a puzzle that constantly move,
而是由大约20块不断移动的“拼图”所构成的
but you don’t feel it because they move quite slowly.
但你们感觉不出来 因为这些“拼图”移动的速度很慢
Each of one those puzzle pieces are called ‘Tectonic Plates’.
每一块这样的“拼图”就叫做一个“板块”
So whenever those plates hit, bump or slide past another plate,
所以每当这些板块相互碰撞 颠簸或相对滑动时
an earthquake is caused!
地震就发生了!
The surface where these plates slip is called the Fault or the Fault plane.
这些板块相对滑动的表面就叫“断层” 或者说“断层面”
So when do you think it happens?
那么你认为地震什么时候会发生呢?
Well, it happens all the time!
其实啊 每时每刻都在发生!
But hey, don’t be scared.
不过呢 不用担心
Most of the times, we don’t feel the quakes
大多数时候 我们感觉不到地震
as they are too small to reach us.
因为它的波及范围太小了
But sometimes, they are so strong
不过有时候 震感会很强烈
that they can be felt over 1000 miles away.
人们相距1000多英里都能感觉到
The place where the earthquake originates is called the Hypocentre,
地震产生的源头叫做“震源”
and the place where it occurs on the Earth’s surfac
而在地球表面发生地震的地方
is called the Epicenter.
就叫作“震中”
There are three types of Earthquakes.
地震分三种类型
Convergent boundary.
首先是“汇聚边界”
Here, one plate is forced over another during an earthquake,
这种情况下 一个板块在地震时受迫抬高到另一板块上方
which causes a Thrust Fault
导致了“逆冲断层”的形成
Many hills and mountains have been formed
许多丘陵和山脉
due to the Convergent Boundary.
都是由“汇聚边界”形成的
Divergent boundary
第二 “离散边界”
Here, plates are drifted apart from each other,
这种情况下 板块因漂移而相互分离
forming a Rift Zone.
形成“断裂带”
This kind gives birth to new ocean floors.
这就使新的海底得以形成
Transform fault
最后一种是“转换断层”
Here, the plates here slip by each other
这种情况下 板块之间走向滑动
and this is also called Strike-Slip.
又叫做“走滑”
So earthquakes are nothing but the shaking,
总之 地震不过只是抖动
rolling or a sudden shock of the earth’s surface.
晃动或者说地表的突然震动
Now you know that whenever the Earth is stressed or angry,
现在你们知道了 一旦地球压力太大或者是生气了
it shakes and grumbles!
它就不停地摇晃 发一发牢骚!
Don’t be scared, I was just kidding
别害怕嘛 我就是开个玩笑
冷知识揭秘!
The instrument used by Scientists to measure the intensity of Earthquake
科学家们用一种仪器来测量地震的强度
is known as a Seismograph!
这就是大家熟知的“地震仪”!
A Tsunami is caused when earthquakes occur under water.
当海底发生地震时 还会导致“海啸”
Yikes! I need to rush before I tumble again.
哎呀!我得赶紧跑了 不然又要摔跤了
So this is me Zooming out.
好了 我要霸气退场了
Tune in next time for more fun facts.
想看更多有趣的知识 下期我们不见不散

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视频概述

这个动画视频用生动有趣的方式介绍了地震是怎么回事,怎么产生的,又分为哪几种类型。相信你看完视频后,一定会对地震有一个基本的了解。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dJpIU1rSOFY

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