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什么是病毒? – 译学馆
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什么是病毒?

What Is A Virus ? | Best Learning Videos For Kids | Dr Binocs | Peekaboo Kidz

Hey friends, I’m not feeling too well today.
嘿 朋友们 我今天感觉不太舒服
I think I have a cold…
我想我感冒了
Well, I guess it is a good time to tell you about what causes cold
我觉得这是个好机会来告诉你们感冒
and many other such diseases.
和其它类似的疾病是由什么引起的
Sorry.
对不起
And that’s why,…
这就是为什么
We’ll talk about Virus!
我们来谈谈 病毒!
ZooZoooo..ZOOOOOMINNNNN!
放 放 放大
You know that a bacterium is a very tiny organism, right?
你知道细菌是一种非常小的生物 对吧?
Well, a virus is so small,
不过 病毒更小
that its invisible to even a bacterium.
甚至细菌都看不见它
This is how it is able to infect the tiny bacterium
这就是为什么它能够感染微小的细菌
and the cells in our bodies.
和我们体内的细胞
Unlike the bacterium, the virus has no cytoplasm.
与细菌不同 病毒没有细胞质
Or a nucleus
或细胞核
or anything resembling a cell.
或者任何类似细胞的东西
It has a very basic structure of the DNA
它有一个非常基本的DNA结构
covered by an outer protein shell and some fats.
被一层蛋白质外壳和一些脂肪所覆盖
That’s why viruses can’t even be considered organisms at all.
这就是为什么病毒甚至不能被称作是生物体
They are not actually living.
它们并不是生命体
They float around like debris in space
它们像太空中的碎片一样四处飘浮
waiting to contact a host.
等待着与宿主接触
And only once they enter a host,
只有进入宿主体内
can they reproduce!
它们才能复制!
This is where the true terror of Viruses is seen!
这就是病毒的真正可怕之处!
once inside,
一旦进入宿主体内
these little fellas hijack the cells of the organism
这些小家伙就会通过从细胞膜进入
by entering through the cell membrane.
来劫持宿主细胞
Once they do,
一旦它们这样做了
the virus takes over the protein building structures of the host cell.
病毒就接管了组成宿主细胞结构的蛋白质
and forces them to replicate the virus instead.
迫使宿主细胞转而复制病毒
The poor cell unknowingly
可怜的细胞不知不觉地
begins manufacturing an army of the virus till the entire is infected!
开始制造大量的病毒 直到整个细胞被感染!
This poor mindless slave cell does this till it explodes.
这个可怜的没有头脑的奴隶细胞一直这样做 直到它破裂
Releasing all the virus to infect the nearby cells.
释放所有病毒感染周围的细胞
And that’s how an infection spreads.
这就是感染传播的方式
That’s why I got sick.
这就是为什么我会生病
But don’t worry,
但是别担心
your bodies are super smart
说到拯救你自己
when it comes to saving you.
你的身体可是超级聪明的
Every time we fall ill with a virus,..
每次我们感染病毒生病的时候
..the body makes a special cell
身体会产生一种特殊的细胞
called a Memory Cell.
称为记忆细胞
This cell stores all the information about the virus
这种细胞储存关于病毒的所有信息
and how it was defeated…
以及它是如何被击败的
..so that the next time the virus attacks,
所以下次病毒攻击时
your body’s defense is ready to destroy it!
你身体的防御系统就会准备好摧毁它!
TRIVIA TIME!
小知识时间!
Did you know that even antibiotics
你知道即使抗生素
don’t work on viruses?
对病毒也不起作用吗?
Because antibiotics are designed to fight bacteria!
因为抗生素是用来对抗细菌的!
In our body, the most common viruses
在我们的身体中 最常见的病毒
are actually bacteriophages…
事实上是噬菌体
..that infect and destroy bacteria!
它能感染和破坏细菌!
I think I have a cold again.
我想我又感冒了
Well kids, before I go,..
好吧 孩子们 在我走之前
..what’s the common virus in our body that destroys bacteria?
我们体内常见的杀死细菌的病毒是什么?
And here’s hoping i feel better soon.
希望我能快点好起来
So that I can keep bringing you such fun
这样我才能一直给你们带来那么多的乐趣
and interesting…
和有趣的
..facts.
事实
Until next time, this is me zoooming out!
下次见 这就是本期的内容
Oh no!
哦 不
Hey kids, you liked my videos didn’t you?
嗨 小伙伴 你们喜欢我的视频 对吧
Before you go,
在你走之前
don’t forget to click on the subscribe button and the bell.
别忘了点击订阅按钮和通知
So you won’t miss out on my latest videos.
这样你就不会错过我最新的视频
See you.
再见

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视频概述

一起来了解病毒吧

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YS7vsBgWszI

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