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穿越时空探索史上最大的生物! – 译学馆
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穿越时空探索史上最大的生物!

What if You Were Chased by a Giant Dinosaur? The Biggest Creatures Ever!

Fuzzy and Nutz are on a trip through time
Fuzzy和Nutz正在穿越时空
and along the way are teaching us about
途中他们将向我们介绍
the greatest predators to have ever lived,
曾存活过的巨型食肉动物
the worst jobs in history
历史上最糟糕的事
and the most terrible wars ever waged.
以及曾发生过的激烈战争
But today our furry time travelers
而今天我们毛茸茸的时空旅者
are coming face to face with some of the largest beasts
将和一些巨型生物面对面
to have ever walked the face of the Earth!
那些曾是地表最大的生物!
Possibly the largest dinosaur to ever walk the earth
阿根廷龙或许是陆地上最大的恐龙
Argentinosaurus towered over other dinosaurs
它比别的恐龙高很多
at a whopping 50 feet tall while measuring 75 feet from head to tail
高达50英尺 长达75英尺
and weighting in at 80 tons!
重达80吨
This lumbering goliath was all but immune to predators,
对这个笨重的巨兽 捕食者几乎束手无策
even from the fearsome Tyrannosaurus,
甚至 可怕的霸王龙也不例外
one of the largest meat eaters to ever evolve.
霸王龙可是进化史上最大的肉食动物之一
It’s a good thing Argentinosaurus was so big and powerful too
幸好阿根廷龙又大又强壮
Because with a maximum top speed of 5 miles per hour
它最快每小时只能走5英里
it wasn’t going anywhere fast
因此 去哪里都很慢
but even at these low speeds
但即便走得这么慢
if a herd of giant Argentinosaurs were spooked
一群巨大的阿根廷龙要是受到惊讶
they would’ve absolutely decimated the landscape!
那么 绝对会摧毁你所看到的一切
Living in the middle Cretaceous,
生活在白垩纪中期
Argentinosaurus laid eggs
阿根廷龙产蛋
that measured a whopping foot in diameter
直径达一英尺
and were so big
它太大了
it’s thought they pushed the absolute physical limits of
以至于人们认为它突破了物理学上
how big an egg could be without collapsing in on itself.
一个蛋维持自身不破裂能够拥有的最大体积
This titan of a dinosaur may have been all but immune from predators
对这个恐龙中的巨人 捕食者几乎束手无策
But if there was one predator
不过 如果说有哪种捕食者
that might have had a chance of taking on an Argentinosaurus,
能够有可能和阿根廷龙较量的话
It would’ve been living at our next destination…
那就是生活在我们时光旅行下一站的恐龙
Living 100 million years ago, but on a different continent than Argentionsaurus,
棘龙生活在一亿年前 和阿根廷龙生活在不同的大陆上
Spinosaurus was the largest carnivore ever discovered.
是人类发现的最大食肉动物
Standing 14 feet tall and up to 59 feet long
棘龙高14英尺 长59英尺
Spinosaurus would have been a terrifying beast to stumble into.
绝对是个可怕的巨兽
Luckily for most other dinosaurs though,
对其他恐龙来说幸运的是
Spinosaurus was primarily a fish eater.
棘龙主要吃鱼
Having hollow teeth up to eight inches long similar to a crocodile’s
棘龙和鳄鱼相似 中空牙齿长达八英寸
and an elongated snout with nasal holes at the top of the jaw,
口鼻部分细长 鼻孔长在上颚顶部
this let Spinosaurus slowly cruise the ancient rivers and swamps of North Africa,
这让棘龙可以在北非的古老河流和沼泽里漫游
feeding on fish such as the car-sized Onchopristis.
并以吃鱼为生 如汽车大小的帆锯鳐
Despite being primarily a fish eater though,
尽管棘龙主要吃鱼
it’s thought that Spinosaurus also scavenged the kills of other carnivores
但是有人认为它也会吃被其他肉食恐龙杀死的猎物
as its bite was too weak to kill big dinosaurs on its own.
这是因为 棘龙咬合力太弱无法独立杀死大型恐龙
Armed with five foot long arms each ending in three 8 inch claws,
棘龙上肢达5英尺 爪子长8英寸
what Spinosaurus lacked in bite is made up for in savage slashing power!
野蛮的切割力弥补了棘龙在咬合力上的弱势
Perhaps the most iconic feature of the Spinosaurus is its huge sail,
棘龙最具标志性的特征是它的背棘
of which scientists remain completely at odds about its true purpose,
科学家们对背棘的真实用途 有很大的意见分歧
some claiming it was to help it regulate its body temperature
有的科学家主张它是用来调节体温的
and others that it was merely for display to attract mates and intimidate rivals.
有的认为它只是用来炫耀吸引配偶和恐吓竞争对手的
If indeed used for mating purposes
如果 背棘确实是用来求偶的
such as the display feathers of a male peacock,
和公孔雀炫耀的尾羽一样
it’s possible that male Spinosaurus had very brightly colored sails versus females,
那么很可能公棘龙的背棘颜色要比母棘龙更加绚丽
though the truth is sadly lost to time…
不过真相已经消失在漫漫历史长河中
Splitting off from other whale species around 1 million years ago,
100万年前 蓝鲸从鲸类中分化出来
Blue Whales are the largest animal we have ever known to exist.
蓝鲸是已知现存的最大动物
Measuring up to 105 feet in length and weighing up to an incredible 200 tons,
长达105英尺 重达200吨
Blue Whales are not just the largest animal ever,
蓝鲸不仅是最大的动物
but also the largest carnivore
也是最大的肉食动物
though ironically they feed on the tiniest creatures in the ocean: krill.
但让人哭笑不得的是 蓝鲸吃的是海里非常小的生物 磷虾
Taking in giant mouth fulls of water,
蓝鲸大口喝水
a blue whale then uses its car-sized tongue
然后使用汽车大小的舌头
to force the water past the fingernail-like material called baleen
经过上颚内一层指甲状的鲸须
which lines its upper jaws
把海水排除出去
This sieves out all the thousands of krill that are left behind
就这样筛出成千上万的磷虾后
and quickly swallowed.
蓝鲸会迅速吞掉它们
Blue whales tend to be solitary creatures,
蓝鲸向来独居
and they were specially lonely in the early 1900s when they were hunted almost to extinction.
蓝鲸在1900年代尤其稀少 当时快被猎杀到绝种了
Despite intense hunting though,
尽管 捕鲸活动频繁
blue whale numbers are recovering.
蓝鲸的数量还是正在恢复
But because of their extremely long age up to 110 years!
不过 蓝鲸寿命长达110岁
blue whales are slow to reproduce
繁殖速度缓慢
And their population is today estimated at around 20,000 individuals,
现存蓝鲸总量约为2万头
a far cry form the 300,000 plus that swam the oceans before whaling.
远不及开始捕鲸前的3万多头
Despite being the world’s largest animal,
蓝鲸是世界上最大的动物
this titan of the sea has been made vulnerable to extinction because of man’s actions
但人类的行为很容易让这个海洋巨人灭绝
But in the future, what might the world that manshapes look like?
而在未来 人类塑造的世界会是什么样子呢?

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这一次,和毛茸茸和神经质一起穿越时空探索历史上最大的生物吧!

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视频来源

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