ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

如果文字不存在?-文字系统的历史#1 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

如果文字不存在?-文字系统的历史#1

What if writing didn't exist? - History of Writing Systems #1

Writing, reading, typing, texting.
写作 阅读 打字 发消息
Written language is just one of those things that’s always been around.
书面语只是人们生活中广泛存在的事物之一
It’s a natural way for you to use words.
对你来说 使用文字是很平常的事情
It’s a given.
它是唾手可得的事物
But there’s something you’ve forgotten.
但是你忽略掉了一些事情
It’s understandable.
这情有可原
After all, it’s been a very long time.
毕竟 那已经是很久很久以前的事情了
A long time since no one on the planet knew how to write.
在那时的地球上 还没有人知道怎么写字
关于书写的历史
Our story starts with a legend: the tale of Thoth and Thamus.
我们的故事要从一个传说讲起 透特和萨默斯的传说
No, that’s not a lisp you’re hearing.
不 我刚刚没有口齿不清
Thoth and Thamus.
就是 透特和萨默斯
Thoth and Thamus.
透特和萨默斯
After the Egyptian god Thoth invents writing,
在埃及法老透特发明书写以后
he runs to King Thamus to share this discovery.
他当即跑到萨默斯王那里分享他的发明
But, to his chagrin, the king isn’t impressed.
但是 让他失望的是 这项发明并没有让萨默斯王眼前一亮
At all.
一点都没有
Looking down his nose, he starts pontificating
对这项发明感到十分不屑的萨默斯王
on the destructive power of this newfangled technology.
自以为是地评价这项新奇技术“带有毁灭性的力量”
“Oh, clever Thoth!
噢 自作聪明的透特啊
This invention will produce forgetfulness in the minds of learners,
这项发明将使学习者们变得健忘
with the neglect of their memory,
让他们逐渐忽略掉自己的记忆能力
because their trust in writing comes from strange external marks
因为他们所依赖的文字都将是外界的奇异符号
and not their own internal recall.
而并非他们自身对事物的记忆
The drug you’ve discovered isn’t a memory-enhancer,
你这种所谓的妙药根本无法增强人们的记忆力
but a mentioning-enhancer,
只是借助那些符号来不断提示学生们而已
and you’re offering students pretend wisdom, not truth.”
你将带给他们的智慧都是假的 虚幻的
This sounds strange.
听到这些你可能会有些疑惑
It’s easy for you –
对于生活在充满文字的世界中的你来说
and your world full of writing – to dismiss Thamus.
你一定会反对萨默斯
But hear him out.
但请听他把话说完
He brings you back to the early days of writing,
假设他带你穿越回了那个文字还只有雏形的时代
when it was the hot new thing.
在当时 文字还是一种刚出世的新事物
And, like many other inventions,
而且 和其他众多的新发明一样
not everyone was on board. Ok,
并不是当时所有人都会支持或是喜爱它
so, let’s say,
所以 让我们换个角度 不再各执一词
for the sake of argument, you don’t want writing.
假定我们不要文字了
What are the alternative technologies?
那么我们用什么技术来替代它呢
You could bust out your abacuses.
你可以尽情拨动你的算盘
They’ll help with counting and doing complex calculations.
它能帮助你计数 还能做一些复杂的运算
Or maybe you prefer icons,
又或者 你更倾向于图像
ritualized images that help you relate to
形象的图片可以唤起你对那些
culturally significant figures,events and attitudes.
重要历史人物 事件和观点的回忆
The quipu is an amazing Incan information
古秘鲁人奇异的结绳文字就是一种
storage system using cords, colors and knots.
由彩绳和绳结所构成的图像化信息存储工具
Oh, and don’t overlook rote memorization –
对了 也不要小看死记硬背的记忆方式
a basic option, sure,
虽然那是最没有技术含量的一种选择
but it’s really useful in preliterate societies,
但是 它在文字尚未出现的社会有很大的价值
where sentences can be memorized and recited by the thousands.
在当时 人们会把数以千计有意义的语句强行背诵下来
Your brain’s bigger than you think.
大脑容量比你想象的要大呢
Perhaps you prefer petroglyphs,
又或者你喜欢岩画
rock carvings with major cultural ties
那些作为重要文化纽带的岩石雕刻
that may refer to nearby places or animals.
也许就映射出了附近的环境与动物的状况
Ooh, watch out, writing – we’re getting uncomfortably close.
噢 注意了 我们离文字越来越近了
All of these inventions helped humans keep track of their thoughts.
上述所有发明都使人们得以将自己的思想延续下来
So what makes writing different?
那么 是什么让文字与众不同呢?
What is Thamus afraid of?
萨默斯究竟在畏惧着什么呢?
Let’s talk some ‘ness.
在这里我们要提到这样一个词
Embeddedness.
嵌入
These things are all embedded in minds, tasks, rituals, events, cultures.
这些事物都被嵌入在思维 任务 仪式 事件或是文化之中
Rip them from those contexts and you rip out their expressive heart.
若是把它们从所处的背景中剥离出来 便扼杀了它们表达的能力
Thoth’s drug doesn’t come with so many strings attached.
透特的药剂摆脱了这些关联的束缚
It will de-embed you,
它将使你的思想从那些背景中脱离出来
letting you record any specific thought
使你仅用文字便能记述任何奇思妙想
and letting future generations read it in any context.
并且让未来的一代代人可以不受限制地阅读它们
So, human.
那么 人类啊
Was Thamus right?
你支持萨默斯吗?
Is writing an unnatural intrusion?
文字真的是非自然的入侵者吗?
Or do you want to swallow Thoth’s pill
还是说你愿意吞下透特的小药丸
and see for yourself what we actually unleashed
然后亲自探寻在我们创造文字的同时
when we invented writing?
究竟给这个世界带来了什么样的影响

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

此视频通过引入古老神话来为观众展示文字系统的历史。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

恶狗

审核员

审核员BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a0jqMO63SUg

相关推荐