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如果我们造一颗“月亮”会怎样? – 译学馆
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如果我们造一颗“月亮”会怎样?

What If We Created an Artificial Moon?

We can build really big things in space.
我们可以在太空中建造超大的物体
Okay, not that big – yet.
好吧 暂时还没那么大
But we’ve packed the Earth’s lower orbit
而我们将大约5千颗卫星
with about 5,000 satellites,
送入近地轨道上
some still functioning and some not.
其中一些还在工作 另一些则报废了
What if we could build a bigger,
如果我们建造一颗更大
brighter satellite,
更亮的卫星
and put it into Earth’s lower orbit?
并把它放在近地轨道会怎样呢
Something that would reflect so much sunlight,
它能强烈反射太阳光
that we’d never have to turn our lights on again.
那样我们永远都不用开灯照明
I’m talking about an artificial moon
我说的是一颗人造月亮
How big could we possibly make it?
我们可以把它建到多大?
And why would be a bad idea
为何进行这样的太空项目建设
to proceed with this space construction project?
不会是个好主意?
This is What If
欢迎收看《自然无常》
and here is what will happen if we created an artificial moon.
本期视频将讲解 如果人为造一颗“月亮” 会发生什么呢
The largest satellite we’ve put into lower orbit,
我们送入近地轨道的最大卫星
the International Space Station,
是国际空间站
is as long as a football field.
它有一个足球场那么长
We assembled it in pieces in several launches,
我们将它拆分 多次发射并拼接起来
and now it’s revolving around the Earth
现在它正在距我们约400千米的地方
some 400 km (250 mi) above us.
绕着地球转动
How would we launch an artificial moon that’s ten times bigger than that,
我们如何将这颗比空间站大十倍的人造月球
and position it high above the Earth’s surface?
发射到离地表这么高的地方?
Most of the Earth’s satellites in low orbit
近地轨道里大多数卫星
are operating just above the ISS.
都在国际空间站之上工作
Some of them are parked in geostationary orbit,
其中一些停在地球静止轨道
about 35,000 km (22,000 mi) above the Earth’s equator.
距地球赤道约35000千米
The real Moon revolves around us
真正的月球
from a distance of 380,000 km (236,000 mi) away.
在距我们38万千米之外运转
But we don’t need to put our artificial moon that far away.
但我们没必要把人造月球送那么远
We’d place it somewhere between the Earth and the ISS.
我们可以将它放在地球与空间站之间的某处
That’s a good spot right there.
那地方还不错
We’d have to make sure
我们得保证
it maintains a speed of 27,400 km/h (17,000 mph).
它的速度保持在27400千米每小时
Otherwise, it falls back to Earth.
否则它就会朝地球坠落
We’d cover its surface with some highly reflective material
我们要用高反光材料包裹它的表面
so that it could bounce the light from the Sun back at us.
这样它才能将日光反射到地球
Then, we’d turn off our lights
然后我们就能关掉灯
and enjoy bright nights all year long.
一整年都能享受明亮的夜晚
If you’re not into falling asleep with the lights on,
如果你因为灯光无法入睡
you’d need to get some very dark blinds for your bedroom.
你就得在卧室装上深色窗帘
Too bad animals wouldn’t have the same option.
糟糕的是 动物们可没有这个选项
This new moon might cause havoc for nocturnal creatures
新的“月光”可能给夜间活动动物带来灾难
who rely on moonlight to mate, hunt, or navigate.
它们在月色下进行交配 捕猎 或迁徙
Too much light at night could mess around with your body too,
你的身体也会被过度的月光搞垮
leading to obesity and a higher chance of heart disease,
导致肥胖症 以及更大几率罹患心脏病
diabetes and depression.
糖尿病以及抑郁症
The artificial moon would also obscure the view of the natural sky.
这颗人造月球也会使晴朗的天空变模糊
Ground-based telescopes
地面的望远镜
wouldn’t be able to capture images of deep space.
没法捕捉到外太空影像
It could result in us giving up on our dreams to go to distant stars,
我们可能会因此放弃探索远处星球的梦想
imprisoning us on Earth forever.
将我们永远困在地球上
So think about it,do we really want the second moon?
思考一下 我们真的想要第二颗月球吗
Wait for it…
等等
Some sources have reported
一些报道称
that Chinese space engineers are already working on it.
中国太空工程师早已着手这项工程
Their moon would be not just ten,
他们的月球不止是十倍
but eighty times bigger that the ISS.
而是国际空间站的八十倍
It would shine 8 times brighter than the natural Moon,
它反射的太阳光是月球的八倍
and it would supposedly save them
而且每年会为他们
$173 million/year in electricity bills.
节约一亿七千三百万美元的电费
However, we haven’t seen the actual plans
然而 我们还没有任何确切计划
or a development strategy, so…
或者发展策略 所以
don’t be upset if an artificial moon
即使人造月球不会马上实现
doesn’t appear in the sky sometime soon.
也不要沮丧
We still like our natural, beautiful Moon
我们依旧喜欢这颗天然美丽的月球
that we could colonize and
我们可以在月球上殖民
use as a cosmic airport for future space travel.
可以把它当作未来太空旅行的一处宇宙机场
But that’s a story for another WHAT IF.
但那就是另一期《自然无常》的故事了

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视频概述

人造月球可能吗?为什么不好的事都要中国背锅?

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vihEAWWhQVo

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