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如果我们可以在水下呼吸会是什么样? – 译学馆
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如果我们可以在水下呼吸会是什么样?

What if we could Breathe Underwater? | #aumsum

It’s AumSum Time.
欢迎来到《奥萨小课堂》
What if we could Breathe Underwater?
如果我们可以在水下呼吸会怎样?
Then I won’t need to use my submarine anymore!!
那么我就不再需要乘潜水艇了!
Oh AumSum.
噢 AumSum
Firstly, we could just jump in and checkout the amazing coral reefs.
首先 我们可以跳入水中去探寻神奇的珊瑚礁
Secondly, the way we fish could change forever.
第二 我们钓鱼的方式会彻底改变
No more need of those fishing rods,
不再需要那些钓鱼竿
just jump in and catch your fish.
只需跳入水中抓鱼
But on the flip side, we will suffer from hypothermia,
但另一方面 如果我们长时间待在水下
If we start staying in water for a long time.
我们会患上低温症
Secondly, our eyes have not evolved to see underwater.
第二 我们的眼睛还没有进化到能看清水下的程度
Also many water bodies are not clear enough for us to see far off objects.
而且许多水质浑浊 我们无法看到远处的物体
Thirdly, communication would be a huge problem.
第三 交流会成为一大问题
Talking under water will not be easy.
水下交谈会很困难
And our present electronic devices will not work efficiently under water.
而我们目前的电子设备无法在水下有效地工作
Lastly, this might be very bad news for many species living under water.
最后 人们会开始在水下建房
As people will start building their homes under water.
这对许多水下物种来说可能是个非常糟糕的消息
What if we replace water by soft drinks?
如果我们用软饮料代替水会怎样?
No! We should replace salad by burgers and french fries.
不!我们应该用汉堡和薯条来代替沙拉
Oh, AumSum.
噢 AumSum
If we replace our eight glasses of water with eight soft drinks,
如果我们喝8瓶软饮料来代替8瓶水
then we will be a bad trouble.
那么我们会陷入大麻烦的
in a real-life incident
在现实生活中
A woman drank soda instead of water for 16th years.
有个女人连续16年喝软饮料来代替喝水
She was hospitalized.
最后 她住院了
She had irregular heartbeat and low potassium levels.
她的心跳不规律而且含钾量很低
Artificial sweetners and soft drinks can have laxative effects.
虽然人工甜味剂和软饮料有通便效果
Over consumption of same can cause diarrhea.
但是过量食用则会引起腹泻
Many soft drinks contain caffeine,
很多软饮料都含有咖啡因
Over consumption of caffeine can lead to loss of potassium via urine
过量摄入咖啡因会通过尿液导致钾的流失
Flow of potassium regulates our heartbeat,
钾的流动调节我们的心跳
Low potassium levels may lead to heart palpitations orirregular heartbeats.
低钾可能会导致心悸或心率失常
Overconsumption of caffeine can also lead to insomnia,
过量摄入咖啡因也会导致失眠
he might start staring more it’s stars instead of sleeping,
可能开始凝视星星 而不是入睡
so soft drinks are usually sugry drinks.
此外 软饮料通常是含糖的
Hence, this will also lead to weight gain or diabetes.
因此 这也会导致体重增加或糖尿病
What if we drink only seawater?
如果我们只喝海水会怎样?
No! I only drink chocolate milkshack.
不! 我只喝巧克力奶昔
Oh AumSum
噢 AumSum
On average seawater as salinity of about 3.5 percent.
平均海水盐度约为3.5%
When we drink seawater,
当我们喝海水的时候
water as well as excess salt to get absorbed in our blood.
水和多余的盐被我们的血液吸收
One of the functions of our kidneys is to remove this excess salt from our blood.
我们肾脏的功能之一是从血液中清除多余的盐
but urine produced by kidneys has a salt concentration
但肾脏产生的尿液含盐量
which is less than three point five percent of that of seawater.
不到海水的3.5%
Hence a needs more water toremove all the excess salt.
因此需要更多的水去除所有多余的盐分
As a result we feel thirsty after drinking seawater,
最终 我们喝了海水后会感到口渴
Excess sea water consumption can lead to dehydration.
过量饮用海水会导致脱水
Secondly excess drinking of sea water will also hinder the blood purifying process of our kidneys.
其次 过量饮用海水也会阻碍肾脏的血液净化过程
How?
怎么回事?
Because solute concentration inside the filtering units of ourkidneys
因为在肾脏中 过滤单位溶质浓度
will be lower than that of the highly saline blood.
会比高盐血液的低
Hence dude osmosis blood doesn’t get purified.
因此 由于渗透性 血液不能被净化
What if we stop drinking water?
如果我们不喝水会怎样?
We will have to sell our water purifiers to scrap dealers.
那么我们不得不把净水器卖给卖废品的
Huh,you are unbelievable!
呵 你真是难以置信!
About 60% to 80% human body is water,
人体大约有60%-80%是水
we need water for various purposes like digestion and excretion.
我们需要水来消化和排泄等
Water is also a major component of blood.
水也是血液的主要成分
However,every day we lose about 2 to 3 liters of water through sweat urine breathing etc.
但我们每天通过出汗 排尿 呼吸等会损失2到3升的水
thanks to compensate the waterloss
幸亏补充上了流失的水分
if we don’t drink enoughwater then we will get dehydrated.
我们如果没有喝足够的水就会脱水
During dehydration our brainworks harder than normal.
脱水期间 我们的大脑工作比正常情况下更困难
It informs kidneys to retain moisture
它通知肾脏保持水分
thus producing darker concentrated urine.
从而产生又深又浓的尿液
It reduces the production of saliva causing dry mouth.
这减少了唾液的产生 从而导致口干
lack of water also causes our brain tissues to shrink.
缺水也会导致我们的大脑组织萎缩
We get headaches and feel nauseous.
我们会感到头痛和反胃
Our energy levels drop and our skin becomes dry.
我们的能量水平下降 皮肤变得干燥
Besides this,chronic dehydration can lead to severe of problems and even death.
此外 慢性脱水会导致严重的问题 甚至死亡

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视频概述

可以在水下呼吸,听起来不错,但是细细分析,会产生很多严重的问题,如谈话 饮水等

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Felicity

审核员

审核员A

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OGRAzphykF0

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