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建立垂直农场怎么样?

What If We Built Vertical Farms?

As our population grows,
随着地球上人口的增长
we’re going to need a lot more farms
我们需要更多的农场
to feed the planet.
来养活地球
Yet, in a lot of places,
然而 在很多地方
farming is almost impossible.
耕种几乎是不可能的
And much of the land we can use for farming
而且大量可用于耕种的土地
is disappearing.
正在消失
With so many farms on land,
目前陆地上还有那么多农场
could we build farms vertically to save space?
我们需要建立垂直农场来节省空间吗?
Maybe it’s time to grow … up.
也许是时候开始发展了
哪里需要建立垂直农场?
怎样才能建立起来?
它们是如何帮助拯救地球的?
This is What If.
这里是《自然无常》
and here’s what would happen if we built vertical farms.
本期节目是“建立垂直农场将会怎样”
The United States has 10 percent of the world’s farmland.
美国拥有世界上10%的农田
But between the years 1992 and 2012,
但是在1992年到2012年间
over 12 million hectares (31 million acres)
超过1200万公顷(3100万英亩)
of it was gobbled up due to development.
农田因经济发展而消失
That’s 70 hectares (175 acres) per hour.
即每小时70公顷(175英亩)的速度
As populations grow,
随着人口增长
this is happening in other countries around the world too.
这种情况同时在世界上的其他国家上演
So where can we grow food?
那么 我们能在哪里种植粮食呢?
People have built farms all over our planet,
人们已经在地球各处
in the most unlikely places.
在最不可能的地方建了农场
We’ve grown food in arid deserts and on the sides of mountains,
我们在干旱的荒漠和山坡种植粮食
and used greenhouses to extend growing seasons.
并且利用温室延长植物的生长期
But what about in a plantscraper?
在植物大厦里怎么样呢?
A Swedish company called Plantagon
瑞典一家名为Plantagon的公司
is working on one right now.
眼下正在建造这么一栋大厦
The $40 million World Food Building, in Sweden,
耗资四千万美元 位于瑞典的世界粮食大厦
is set to open in 2020.
计划在2020年开放
The company calls this process
该公司将这个过程称为
Agritechture.
农耕建筑学
No right.
没错
So why should we farm vertically?
我们为什么要垂直种植呢?
Well, we’d save a lot of space
因为这样可以节省大量的空间
and water.
和水
In fact, vertical farming
事实上 垂直种植
saves 80-95% of the water
与传统的露天种植相比
used in traditional outdoor farming,
节省了80-95%的水
by using computer controlled
方法是利用由电脑控制的
mist and slow drip systems.
喷雾和滴灌系统
Vertical farming also means we wouldn’t need
垂直农场也意味着我们不再需要
expensive combines and tractors.
昂贵的联合收割机和拖拉机
Cities would have fresher veggies,
城市将有更新鲜的蔬菜
and we wouldn’t need to send trucks
我们不再需要开着卡车
great distances to transport food.
远距离运输食物
This would cut pollution too.
污染也将减少
So how, exactly,
那么 我们该如何
could we build a vertical farm?
正确地建造一座垂直农场呢?
Using the power of AI,
借助人工智能算法
companies such as Belgium’s Urban Crop Solutions
像比利时“城市作物解决方案”这样的公司
are creating climate-controlled vertical farms
正在建造带有气温控制的垂直农场
up to 24 levels high.
高达24层
Farmers can grow anywhere from 75,000
农民们每年可以在室内的任何地方
to 91.5 million crops per year indoors.
种植7.5万到9150万棵作物
The company also sells indoor vertical farming kits
这家公司还出售可装进40尺柜的
for 12 m (40 ft) shipping containers.
室内垂直农场箱
These kits offer four to six levels,
这些箱子有四到六层
which can grow up to 54,000 crops per year.
每年可以种植54000种作物
With the ability to control the lighting,
由于通过电脑可以控制光的照射
moisture levels and nutrients for each type of crop by using computers,
空气湿度和每种作物所需的营养
plants grow much faster in a vertical farm.
植物在垂直农场里生长得更快
Plus, vertical farms don’t require pesticides,
另外 垂直农场不需要农药
since they are contained indoors
因为它们是长在室内的
and are high up off the ground where many insects thrive
并且高高远离昆虫生长的地面
The majority of the crops grown in vertical farms include
垂直农场种植的主要作物有
leafy green vegetables like
绿叶蔬菜比如
kale, bok choi, watercress,
甘蓝 白菜 水芹
arugula, lettuce, mizuna,
芝麻菜 生菜 水菜
mustard greens, collard greens, and chives.
芥菜 芥蓝和香葱
That’s almost everything you’d need for a power smoothie.
这几乎是做能量饮料的全部食材
Companies have started building vertical farms
公司已经开始在现有的城市空间中
in existing urban spaces,
建造垂直农场
such as abandoned warehouses and factories.
比如废弃的仓库和工厂
The vertical farms can turn cities’ excess heat and waste
垂直农场可以将城市里的余热和垃圾
into vital assets for local food production.
变为当地粮食生产必不可少的资源
In China, entire districts are devoted to
在中国 所有地区都致力于
agriculture and vertical farming.
农业和垂直农业
With a rapidly growing population,
随着人口快速增长
less and less land has become available,
可用的土地越来越少
and pollution is a big problem
同时对于传统农场来说
for traditional farms.
污染是一大问题
In this case, growing vertically
在这种情况下 垂直种植
has become a necessity.
已经势在必行
Vertical farms have proven to be invaluable after natural disasters,
自然灾害发生后 垂直农场更显重要
such as the destruction of the nuclear power plant at Fukushima in Japan in 2011.
比如2011年日本福岛核电站爆炸一事
Since land near the reactor
由于反应堆附近的土地
was not safe for growing crops,
种植作物不安全
consumers were happy to have their lettuce grown indoors.
因此消费者乐于购买室内种植的生菜
Five years later,
五年以后
there were more than 190 vertical farms in Japan.
日本将有超过190个垂直农场
One company says
一家公司表示
it grows 21,000 heads of lettuce per day.
他们每天种植2.1万棵生菜
That’s a lot of salad!
那是非常多的沙拉!
Many countries in the Middle East
在中东地区的许多国家
import almost 80% of their food
几乎80%的粮食依靠进口
due to their arid climate and landscape.
因为那里气候干旱 环境贫瘠
Vertical farms could drastically
垂直农场可以
improve this situation,
大大改善这种情况
and would also create more jobs in the area.
也将为该地区创造更多就业岗位
Tech companies like Google, Amazon and Asia-Pacific
像谷歌 亚马逊这样的科技公司以及亚太地区
are already investing in vertical farming and automated agriculture.
已经在垂直农业和自动化农业领域投资
Soon we’ll start seeing vertical farms in many more urban areas.
我们很快就将在更多城区里见到垂直农场
These will help to bring communities together
它们将有助于社区团结
and provide safe access to nutritious food.
提供安全且营养的食物
But in order for vertical farms to succeed,
然而 为了垂直农场发展顺利
they will need the backing of consumers.
他们需要消费者的支持
Some people argue that this kind of farm
有些人争论道 这种农场
is too unnatural or expensive.
很不天然或者太贵了
While others like the idea
而另一些人就喜欢
of fresh food produced closer to home.
新鲜食品产于自家附近这种理念
What do you think?
你怎么认为呢?
Let us know in the comments below.
请在下方评论区告诉我们
In the near future,
在不久的将来
we may need to make vertical farming
我们可能要把垂直农业
an even bigger priority,
作为首选
especially if we run out of oil.
尤其是在石油耗尽的情况下
But that’s the story for another.
但这就是另外一个故事了
What If
《自然无常》

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视频概述

我们建立垂直农场的原因、方式,以及垂直农场的优势和重要性。垂直农业将成为未来趋势。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

晚糖

审核员

审核员MS

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jeN2ynwny6A

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