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修条环球公路可好?

What if we build a Road Around the World? | #aumsum

[ MUSIC PLAYING ]
[音乐播放中]
It’s AumSum Time.
欢迎来到《奥萨小课堂》
如果我们围绕世界修一条路会怎样?
Then I will name it the AumSum Highway.
那我将把它命名为“奥萨高速公路”
Wow , AumSum.
真棒 Aumsum
Firstly, you will definitely find its name
首先 你肯定会在《吉尼斯世界纪录》里
in The Guinness Book of World Records.
找到它的名字
Secondly, if it had a dedicated bike lane.
其次 如果它有专用的自行车道
The entire world will get fitter, much faster.
整个世界将变得更美好 更快捷
Thirdly, it sounds like a good idea.
第三 这听起来是个好主意
But would prove to be extremely difficult to execute from
但由于地形 经济及政治因素
Geographical, financial as well as political point of view.
修条环球高速将极其困难
Fourthly , global trade will probably get a major boost.
第四 全球贸易可能会大幅提升
It will also prove to be a major engine of worldwide job-creation.
这也证明了它是全球创造就业的主要引擎
Fifthly, car companies would be one happy lot.
第五 汽车制造商们将会很高兴
While airplane manufacturers might not be too excited about it.
但飞机制造商们可能就不太开心了
Lastly, if all the countries were to agree on this,
最后 如果全世界能达成一致
then it would prove to be
那证实它将是
one of the biggest show of solidarity by humanity.
人类团结的最大表现之一
要是轮子从未被发明会怎样?
No problem.
那没什么
I’ll just use my private rocket.
我就开着自己的私人火箭好了
Oh… AumSum.
啊…… AumSum
Wheels are believed to have been invented almost 5,500 years ago.
据说轮子是在大约5500年前被发明的
Ever imagined what the world would be like without wheels ?
你可曾想过没有轮子的世界是什么样子?
How would you go to school , work or even holiday?
你们将如何上学 工作 甚至度假?
若自行车 汽车 蒸汽机 甚至飞机
没有轮子的话 它们将都不会存在
Yes. Horses and sledges will be there,
是的 虽然有马和雪橇
but it would be a super slow and super rough ride.
但却非常缓慢 非常颠簸
不仅在运输领域
就是工业革命中 轮子也是一个重要组成部分
Elevators, blinds, cranes, etc,
比如电梯 百叶窗 起重机等
all have some form of wheels hidden in them .
它们构造中都有各种形式的轮子
on adding teeth to wheels,gears were invented
给轮子增加齿 于是就发明了齿轮
clocks, blenders, car engines, bicycles
时钟 搅拌机 汽车引擎 自行车
and other complicated machines all work with the help of gears.
及其他复杂的机器 都是借助齿轮来工作
So basically,
所以 总的来说
如果从来没有发明轮子
我们可能仍过着史前生活
要是我们耗尽所有化石燃料会怎样?
Then I will eat all the burges in the world.
那我就吃掉世界上所有的汉堡
Oh… AumSum.
啊…… AumSum
Fossil fuels and natural fuels
化石燃料和天然燃料
such as coal,oil or natural gas,
比如 煤 石油 天然气
which is formed over millions of years.
是由死去的生物的厌氧分解
from the anaerobic decomposition of dead organisms.
经过数百万年形成的
Now, if we were burning of the fossil fuels in the world,
现在 如果我们在世界上燃烧化石燃料
then more than 5 trillion tons of greenhouse gases mostly carbon dioxide
那么 会有超过五万亿吨主要是二氧化碳的温室气体
will be released in the atmosphere.
被排放到大气中
这会导致我们超过四亿年看不见温室标高
As a result,
最终
global temperature will increase by more than 10 degrees celsius.
全球温度将升高10℃以上
All the ice on earth would melt
地球上所有的冰将融化
increasing sea levels by more than 100 feet
海平面上升100多英尺
plus submerging all the costal cities of the world.
淹没世界上所有的沿海城市
lastly , rainfall would be highly unpredictable.
最后一点 我们将很难预测降雨
Some areas will receive the extreme rainfall,
一些地区会迎来强降雨
while others would receive very less.
而另一些地区雨量却很少
What if we will plant a trillion trees?
要是我们种一万亿棵树会怎样?
I will eat up billion burgers.
那我就吃掉十亿个汉堡包
Oh… AumSum.
啊…… AumSum
There are about three trillion trees on earth right now.
现在地球上大约有三万亿棵树
So planting a trillion trees would increase that number by 33%.
所以种一万亿棵树就会增加33%
The impact will definitely be positive
它对我们以及所有生物的影响
for us as well as all the living things.
肯定是积极的
但这不会马上解决气候变化问题
Firstly,we bring up so much land for planting trees.
首先 我们划出这么多的土地用于种树
Seems like a mammoth task.
这似乎是一项很艰巨的任务
Secondly , these trees will take a number of years to grow big enough
其次 这些树要过几年才能长大
to make any meaning for contribution
到那时才能发挥作用
towards reducing carbon dioxide from air.
降低空气中二氧化碳的浓度
Thirdly , if we do nothing about emissions
第三 如果我们对排放什么都不做
and even adding carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.
甚至向大气中释放更多二氧化碳
Then, by the time trees grow,
那 等到树长大之时
we would have added more than one trillion tons of carbon dioxide.
我们会增加一万亿吨以上的二氧化碳
Does not find the effects of these trees?
没发现这些树的作用吗?
So plantation of trees plus cutting emissions
那就栽树的同时减少碳排放
or the need of the year.
或降低全年需要
Hmmmm hmmmm Hurrah !
嗯嗯 啊哈哈哈
What plastic was never invented ?
什么塑料从未被发明过呢?
No problem.
不用着急
Instead of plastic, people all use on mastic.
人们都用乳香代替塑料
Stop it , AumSum.
停! AumSum
Plastic is not biodegradable
与有机废料相比
as compared to organic waste.
塑料不能被生物降解
It takes hundreds of years to decompose.
分解它需要几百年的时间
没有塑料意味着
土地和水污染将大大减少
But , plastic is cheap,
但是 塑料很便宜
extremely easy to manufacture,very versatile and doesn’t get affected by water.
它极易制造 通用性强且不受水的影响
It would be very difficult to replace plastic.
理论上讲 玻璃和纸可以代替塑料
Glass and paper can theoretically replace plastic
但这将会耗费巨大的成本
but this would come at a great cost.
所以它们又很难代替塑料
Firstly,it would prove to be expensive
首先 它确实是昂贵的
Secondly,as paper is made from trees,
其次 由于纸是由树木制作而成的
they can prove to be a disaster for the environment.
用纸取代塑料 对环境是场灾难
The electronics industry would greatly suffer
随着塑料在各地的广泛使用
as plastic is widely used everywhere
从电脑到智能手机
from computers to smartphones.
电子产业都将受到严重影响
To conclude,
总之
与其禁止使用所有塑料制品
不如禁止使用一次性塑料制品
这似乎是世界正期待的一种解决方案

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视频概述

公路是联系人类文明的纽带,交通工具在公路上通行,如果建立一条通往世界的公路,若是没有轮子,就没有汽车等交通工具;若是没有化石燃料,世界将会变成什么样子?

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NM9Oow9mh-4

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