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如果爱迪生从未出现 – 译学馆
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如果爱迪生从未出现

What If Thomas Edison Wasn't Born?

《如果爱迪生从未出现?》
Thomas Edison is one of the most famous inventors in history.
托马斯·爱迪生是历史上最著名的发明家之一
He had over 1,000 patents and countless inventions.
他拥有1000多项专利和不计其数的发明
Many of his inventions changed the world.
他的许多发明改变了世界
But how different would our world look if he never existed?
但如果他从未存在 我们的世界会变成什么样呢?
Would we still be living in the dark?
我们会仍旧活在黑暗之中吗?
Would we be listening to the radio?
我们还能听到广播吗?
And without Edison’s own brand of industrial light and magic,
如果没有爱迪生自己的工业光魔公司品牌
would we still have Star Wars?
我们还会有《星球大战》吗?
This is what if
这里是《WHAT IF》频道
And here’s what would happen if Tomas Edison was never born.
如果爱迪生从未存在会如何呢?
Yeah, we know.
是的 我们知道
Thomas Edison wasn’t the sole inventor of the lightbulb.
托马斯·爱迪生并非电灯泡的唯一发明者
Some people would say he stole it from other inventors like,
有人会说他是从其他发明家那里偷来的
Nikola Tesla or Joseph Swan.
比如尼古拉·特斯拉或约瑟夫·斯旺
Many of Thomas Edison’s biggest breakthroughs
托马斯·爱迪生做出许多突破性发明的同时
were creations that other inventors may have been striving towards around the same time.
同时期其他发明家也在努力探索
Multiple Discovery is a hypothesis that most scientific discoveries and inventions
“多重发现理论”假设是指大多数科学发现和发明
like a light bulb,
比如灯泡的发明
are made independently around the same time foe him by multiple scientists and inventors.
都是由多个科学家和发明者在同一时期内独立进行的
That is to say, if it weren’t for Edison
这也就是说 即使没有爱迪生
many of his inventions probably would have been invented anyway.
他的许多发明也一样会实现
But what if they weren’t?
但如果这些发明没有被实现呢?
Remember when we said Edison owned over a thousand patents?
还记得我们说过爱迪生有上千项专利吗?
Yeah, this guy kept busy, inventing tons of different things.
是的 他一直都在忙于各式各样的发明
Some incredibly useful and others… not so much.
有些发明很实用 有些则不然
Edison even invented a version of the telephone.
爱迪生甚至发明了一种电话
We’re most familiar with Edison as the inventor of the light bulbs we use today.
我们熟悉爱迪生是因为他是灯泡的发明者
Now, what if we didn’t have those?
那么 如果我们没有灯泡呢?
Well without them we’d probably be hundreds
如果没有灯泡 世界的发展可能会滞后数百年
if not thousands of years behind compared to where we are today.
甚至上千年
They allowed us to see at night easily.
灯泡让我们夜能视物
Compared to all the technology we have now this might not sound all that special
与我们现有的技术相比 这也许听起来没有那么特别
but it’s one of the most important inventions of all time.
但它是史上最重要的发明之一
Having a convenient light source changed peoples lives.
便捷的光源改变了人们的生活
Gone were the days of not being able to go out at night.
晚上不能出去的日子一去不复返了
This vastly changed every industry.
所有行业都有了翻天覆地的变化
Restaurants, cafes and even offices.
餐厅 咖啡馆甚至办公室
With a convenient light source, people were able to work longer
有了方便的光源 人们就能够工作更久
which led to even more technological innovation.
从而带来了更多的技术革新
It’s safe to say that without light bulbs,
可以肯定地说 如果没有灯泡
we wouldn’t have our smart phones, 4K TVs, even our cars.
智能手机 4K高清电视 甚至汽车都将不复存在
The phonograph was another Edison invention.
留声机是爱迪生的另一项发明
It allowed people to record their voices and play them back for the first time.
它首次让人们能够记录并回放自己的声音
Eventually, this was used to record and playback music.
最终它被用于录制和播放音乐
Over time a smaller version was invented, and soldiers took the phonograph to war,
随后 袖珍留声机问世了 并被士兵们带到了战场上
almost like an old-school boombox.
几乎就像一个老式的扬声器
Without this invention, we wouldn’t hear much music on the radio.
没有它 我们就无法在收音机上听到这么多音乐
There would have been no record players, Walkmans or eventually iPods.
届时唱片机 随身听乃至iPod可能都不会出现
Would Michael Jackson, as we knew him, have even existed?
在这种情况下我们所认识的迈克尔·杰克逊还会存在吗?
Thomas Edison invented the alkaline battery.
爱迪生发明了碱性电池
Throughout history, alkaline batteries have been in nearly every wireless device,
纵观历史 几乎每一种无线设备都曾用过碱性电池
from flashlights to Xbox controllers to computer mice.
从手电筒到Xbox手柄再到电脑鼠标
The world would look vastly different without these devices in our life.
如果没有这些设备 我们生活的世界将会大不相同
Now, as we said, Edison is considered the father of a lot of these things, but,
正如我们所说 爱迪生被认为是很多新发明的创造者
taking Multiple Discovery into consideration,
但是考虑到多重发现假设
it’s safe to say they would’ve been invented anyway,
可以肯定地说 这些发明无论如何都会出现的
and, the world would look pretty similar to how it does today.
这个世界并不会因此发生太大变化
But one thing that would look completely different without Edison is Hollywood.
但是没有爱迪生的话 好莱坞肯定会与现在大相庭径
Edison’s lab invented one of the very first movie cameras,
爱迪生的工作室发明了最早的电影摄像机
and in 1893, Edison invented the very first movie production studio known as the Black Maria.
1893年爱迪生成立了第一家电影制作公司 即黑色玛利亚
Short films were made here featuring vaudeville performances,
他们在这里制作短片
magic tricks, and even the world’s first cat video.
内容涵盖杂耍 魔术 甚至世界上第一部猫片
With several patents involving filmmaking,
爱迪生拥有多项涉及电影制作的专利
Edison would sue any other filmmaker he saw as a threat.
因此他可以起诉任何他认为构成威胁的电影制作人
Other film studios created camera technology of their own
其他电影公司为了不被起诉
to avoid being sued.
也创造了自己的摄影技术
So Edison decided to join forces with them and established the Motion Picture Patents Company.
于是爱迪生决定与他们合流 成立了电影专利公司
Filmmakers had to pay the company to make films,
电影制片人不得不付费给这家公司
and even then, they were saddled with tons of restrictions.
即便如此 他们还是受到了各种条条框框的约束
So, sick of Edison’s rules, the artists packed up
由于厌倦了爱迪生的约束 艺术家们决定另辟蹊径
and move to a little agricultural town known as Hollywood.
收拾行装 搬到一个名叫好莱坞的农业小镇
A perfect spot for rogue filmmakers.
这里是野生电影制片人的理想基地
The land was cheap, the weather was great, and most importantly,
这里地价不高 气候宜人 最重要的是
California lawyers didn’t take Edison’s patents as seriously as they did on the East Coast.
加利福尼亚律师没有像在东海岸那样认真对待爱迪生的专利
Hollywood was born. Feature films were made, then television shows.
好莱坞就此诞生 各种电影电视节目接连问世
What if Hollywood never existed?
如果没有好莱坞?
No Citizen Kane? No Star Wars? No Avatar?
没有《公民凯恩》?没有《星球大战》? 没有《阿凡达》?
The television would still be invented, but would there have been any good shows to watch?
电视虽然仍将会被发明 但还有好节目看吗?
If it weren’t for Thomas Edison
如果没有托马斯·爱迪生的话
would you even have been able to watch WHAT IF?
你还有机会看到《WHAT IF》系列节目吗?

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爱迪生有许多发明创造,但如果爱迪生从未出现,人类的生活会有怎样的变化呢?

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翻译译者

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WPs0SwuXSEw

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