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如果罗马帝国重新统一会怎么样 – 译学馆
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如果罗马帝国重新统一会怎么样

What if the Roman Empire Reunited Today?

这是一副罗马帝国的影像
This is an image of the Roman Empire
在公元117年 它的权力的鼎盛时期
at the height of her power in the year 117 AD.
然而 对这个帝国来说 历史是残酷的 几个世纪过去了
History was cruel to the Empire, however, and over the centuries
它逐渐地失去了权力 到最后 消失了
she gradually lost power and eventually disappeared
不留痕迹
altogether.
但是 一个与这古老帝国有着相同边界的国家
But what would a country with the same borders
在二十一世纪会是什么样子呢?
as the old Empire look like today in the 21st century?
假使罗马帝国所有的领土
What if all of the territory of the Roman Empire
一夕之间突然凝聚起来 并且重建起
suddenly united tomorrow and recreated
一个现代形式的国家
the country in a modern form?
首先 我要说 这是不可能的
Let me start by saying that this is outrageously impossible.
你根本不可能
There is no way that you could possibly
说服西班牙 英格兰 土耳其 以及叙利亚
convince Spain, England, Turkey, and Syria
归并一个国家
into the same country.
而同样地 克里米亚会比它已处的境地更为尴尬
Crimea would get a little more awkward than it already is, too.
但是 让我们暂时把我们的怀疑放在一边
But let us suspend our disbelief for a moment
我们就想象一下它会是什么样子
and just imagine what it would actually look like
在那里的生活又会是什么样子
and what living in it would be like.
首先 这是一幅现代地图
So first off, this is a modern map
这些是罗马帝国的边界
and these are what the borders of the Roman Empire
若罗马帝国边界再现 会是这个样子
would look like were it to come back into existence.
总计 五十三个国家会
In total, 53 different countries would
失去他们全部或部分的领土
lose all or some of their territory
(这些将)归属罗马帝国 它的跨度超过
to the Empire, which would span over
六百万平方公里的大小
six million square kilometers in size.
听上很辽阔 但它实际上只有
This sounds very impressive, but the Empire would actually only
世界上第七大国家的大小
be the seventh largest country in the world by size.
它面积只比印度大些
It would be just bigger than India,
但比澳大利亚和巴西小
but it would be smaller than Australia and Brazil.
与此同时 就其领土大小而言
And Russia, meanwhile, would be nearly three times the size
俄罗斯将近它的三倍大
of the Empire.
但是领土面积大小并不意味着一切
But size isn’t necessarily everything.
如果我们仔细研究一下这个构想帝国的人口
If we examine the population of this hypothetical empire,
大概有7.11亿人或约占
it would be roughly 711 million people, or about 10%
全球总人口的10%
of the total global population.
原有的古代罗马帝国
The original Roman Empire in antiquity
人口不到其十分之一 约7000万人口
had 10 times fewer citizens at about 70 million people.
但在当时 这是全球人口的21%
But back then, that was 21% of the entire global population.
就人口而言 现代帝国的人口
The modern Empire’s population would
就足以排在第三位
be enough to place it in third place in terms of population
但中国和印度
size, but both India and China would
人口仍会较多
retain higher populations.
然而 这个帝国的人口将会是
The Empire would, however, have more than double the population
美国的两倍 并且可以构建
of the United States and would boast
许多大城市
some very impressive cities.
如果我们猜测一下这个帝国的首都
If we were to speculate on a hypothetical capital
我们可能
for this Empire, we would probably
会想到伊斯坦布尔 它是帝国当初的首都
come across Istanbul, which was a historic capital
在当时它被称为君士坦丁堡
of the Empire back when it was known as Constantinople.
现在 伊斯坦布尔的人口
Today, the population of Istanbul
在1460万左右
is sitting around 14.6 million people,
使它成为目前这个帝国最大的城市
making it by far the largest city in this Empire.
在原帝国时期 当这个城市发展到鼎盛时 也就是公元580年
At the height of the city during the actual empire in 500AD
人口是45万
the population was 450,000.
但更早在公元180年 罗马城
But even earlier in 180 AD, however, the city of Rome
是世界上第一个
was the very first city in the world
人口达到了一百万的城市
to reach a population of one million people.
尽管如今 罗马城的人口超过了
Even though today Rome has a population of well over two
二百万 今天在帝国的边界内却还有
million, there would still be much bigger
许多更大的城市
cities within the borders of the Empire today,
比如开罗 伦敦 巴格达和亚历山大港
like Cairo, London, Baghdad, and Alexandria.
起初一想 一个如此巨大的国家会
At first thought, it might seem like such a huge country would
是一个经济强国
be an economic powerhouse.
这或许是真的 但跟你
And while that would be true, it wouldn’t
实际想象中的不一样
be exactly what you think.
所有这些领土结合起来将使现代罗马帝国的
All of this territory combined would give the modern Roman
国内生产总值达到15.99万亿美元
Empire a GDP of $15.99 trillion US, which
也就是说这个帝国仅仅是
would mean that the empire would only be the world’s
世界上第二经济大国
second largest economy.
尽管人口不到现代帝国的一半
Despite having a population that would be less than half
美国
of the modern Empire’s, the United States
仍然占有较高的GDP
would actually still have a larger GDP,
大约18万亿美元
at around $18 trillion.
然而 人均收入的差异
The differences in per capita income,
更让人震惊
however, would be even more shocking.
现代罗马会拥有
The modern Roman Empire would have
更富裕的地域 如英格兰 法国
territory in wealthier areas, like England, France,
德国 但也有许多贫瘠的地域
and Germany, but also in more impoverished areas
比如伊拉克 亚美尼亚和利比亚
like Iraq, Armenia, and Libya.
由于这些原因
For this reason, the average income
帝国内公民的平均收入在二万四千六百二十三美元左右
of citizens within the empire would be at around $24,623.
这是一个是十分低的值
And this is a pretty low value.
就普通公民挣多少钱而言
The Empire would be placed 52nd in the world in terms
罗马帝国处于世界第52位 仅仅位于
of how much money the average citizen was earning, just
哈萨克斯坦之前 但位于拉脱维亚之后
ahead of Kazakhstan but behind Latvia.
然而 由于GDP和人口较大
With a large GDP and population, however, the Empire
帝国会有巨大的常备军
would have a very large standing army.
帝国内
Averaging all of the active military personnel
所有的在岗的军事人员
in the territories within the empire, that
也就是说 帝国的常备军
would mean the Empire’s standing military
大约有277万1千人
would be at around 2,771,000, which
这将会使罗马帝国成为最大的常备部队
would make the Roman military the largest standing
在目前的世界
force in the world currently.
让我们来看看最后剩下的两个
The final two big questions we have
有关这个国家的大问题
left to examine with this country
第一 它的主流语言是什么 第二
are, one, what would be the dominant languages and, two,
主流宗教是什么
what would be the dominant religions.
首先 帝国内最广泛使用的语言
To begin, the most widely spoken language within the country
肯定是阿拉伯语 32%的人口
would certainly be Arabic, which 32% of the population
将会使用(此语言)
would be speaking.
法语将会成为第二大使用语 大概14%
French would be the second most spoken language, with about 14%
的人口能够理解它
of the population understanding it,
土耳其语排在第三 约9.5%的人口使用它
while Turkish would be third at about 9.5%,
其次是意大利语和英语 共同组成了
followed by Italian and English to collectively form
在罗马帝国境内
the top five most spoken languages
使用排名前五的语言
within the modern Empire.
最后 我们需要探讨
And finally, we need to explore what
这样一个广阔的国家 宗教构成是什么样的
the religious make-up of such a vast country would look like.
总体上 在现代帝国境内
Basically, Muslims would be the largest religious group
穆斯林将会是最大的宗教团体
inside the modern Empire, making up 44.6%
占总人口的44.6%
of the total population.
约42.2%是逊尼派穆斯林 而只有2.4%
42.2% of that value would be Sunni Muslims, while just 2.4%
是什叶派回教徒
would be Shia Muslims.
有意思的是 这会使现代罗马帝国
Interestingly, this would make the modern Roman Empire
成为世界上最大的穆斯林国家
the largest Muslim country in the world.
基督徒将会成为第二大宗教团体
Christians would be the second largest group collectively,
占人口的39.3%
forming 39.3% of the population.
其中 天主教徒
Of that, Catholics would comprise
占总人口的25.2%
25.2% of the total population, while Orthodox Christians would
而正统的基督教徒占8.2% 新教徒占5.6%
be 8.2% and Protestants would be 5.6%.
有意思的是 这些数据
Also interestingly, these numbers
也意味着现代罗马帝国也是
would mean that the modern Roman Empire would also
世界上最大的基督教国家
be the world’s largest Christian nation.
犹太人只占总人口的1%
Jews would form only about 1% of the total population,
然而无神论者 不可知论者和非宗教人士
while atheists, agnostics, or non-religious would
占10.5%
form 10.5% of the country.
这真的特别吸引人去思考,像这样的一个国家在
It’s really fascinating to think what a country like this
现代社会会是什么样子
would look like in the modern world
有着现代技术与现代思想
and with modern technology and with modern ideas.
它真的有可能存在吗?
Could it possibly ever survive and
在这样的国家生活又会是什么样?
what would daily life be like living within it?
这些问题下次为您解答
These are questions for another time.
若你有自己的见解或疑问的话
But please leave your comments.
请留言
If you have your own answers or questions,
若您希望将来更新更多的
if you’d like to stay updated with more
这样的视频
videos like this one in the future,
在完成观看后 请点击此处并点赞以订阅
please subscribe to my channel by clicking here and liking
此视频 关注我的频道
this video after you have finished watching.
我们将在几星期内发布下一个视频
We will be releasing our next video in a couple weeks.
像往常一样 感谢大家的观看
And as always, everybody, thank you for watching.
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视频概述

如果罗马帝国重新统一会怎样呢,它会影响世界的总体格局吗?它的人口的构成与宗教信仰以及经济的发展又会是什么情况呢

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pbvrncwxzxU

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