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如果地球停止绕太阳转动

What If The Earth Stopped Orbiting The Sun

Earth zooms around the sun at 110,000 kph,
地球以每小时11万公里速度绕太阳旋转
but what if it just…stopped?
如果它停止转动的话?
Well, for one thing, you’d have only a month to live.
嗯 首先你只有一个月的生命了
如果地球停止绕太阳转动
First off, if Earth stopped short,
首先 如果地球突然停止转动
you’d actually die immediately
你真的会马上就死亡
because you’d fly off the planet and hurtle into space,
因为你会飞离这个星球 冲进太空
just like you lurch forward in a car when a driver slams on the brakes.
就像司机猛踩刹车时你会在车里突然前倾
But if Earth slows down more gradually,
但是如果地球减速得很缓慢
you’d instead suffer a slower but still horrific death.
你会遭受缓慢但仍然可怕的死亡
That’s because the planet is about to get very, very hot.
那是因为地球即将变得非常非常热
You see, the sun’s tremendous gravity pulls the Earth right toward it.
你看 太阳的巨大引力把地球拉向它
Meanwhile, the planet is trying to whiz away in this direction.
与此同时 这颗行星正试图朝这个方向疾驰而去
This tug of war keeps us in orbit.
这场拉锯战让我们保持在轨道上
But if the Earth slows down and stops,
但如果地球减速并停止绕太阳转
the sun wins and yanks us toward our doom.
太阳就会获胜 把我们拖向末日
In fact, a model from the University of Colorado
事实上科罗拉多大学的一个模型
shows us how long that terrible trip would take.
向我们展示了那次可怕的旅行需要多长时间
Just two months.
只需要两个月
In the first week, you wouldn’t notice much of a change.
在第一周你不会注意到有太多的变化
The average global temperature would climb less than 1 degree Celsius
全球平均气温将攀升不到1摄氏度
and hover around 16 degrees for another week.
并在未来一周徘徊在16摄氏度左右
But the closer we get, the stronger the sun’s pull
但是我们离得越近 太阳的吸引力就越大
and the faster we go.
我们走得越快
This causes the temperature to rise exponentially.
这会导致温度呈指数上升
By day 21, global temperatures will have jumped to 35 degrees.
到第21天 全球气温将跃升至35度
That’s hotter than an average day in the Sahara.
这比撒哈拉沙漠的寻常气温还要高
And with desert heat comes desert droughts,
随沙漠高温而来的是沙漠干旱
sparking wildfires and killing crops.
引发野火 杀死庄稼
UV radiation from the sun is so strong,
太阳的紫外线辐射太强了
we’d get severe sunburn after just 15 minutes outdoors.
我们在户外只待15分钟就会被严重晒伤
At this point, our bodies also will have hit the upper limit of their heat tolerance.
此时 我们的身体也将达到其耐热性的上限
Any hotter, and heat stroke can set in,
再热一点就会中暑
leading to exhaustion, delirium, or even a coma.
导致精疲力竭 谵妄甚至昏迷
And guess what? It gets hotter.
然后你猜会怎么样?天气变得更热了
By day 35, world temperatures will reach 48 degrees.
到第35天 世界气温将达到48度
That’s as hot as every summer day in Death Valley,
堪比世界上最热的地区之一
one of the hottest places on Earth.
死亡谷的夏季温度
Most mammals, birds, and insects die
大多数哺乳动物 鸟类和昆虫
as the proteins that make up their cells start to cook.
随着构成它们细胞的蛋白质开始被烤熟而死亡
Yes, even roaches can’t withstand this apocalypse.
是的 即使是蟑螂也抵挡不住这场末日
If we want to live,
如果我们想要生存
we need some indoor air-conditioning stand.
就需要立即运行室内空调
Except, the amount of energy you need to run millions of AC units at once
只不过同时运行数百万台空调所需的能量
would wipe out power grids around the world.
会摧毁世界各地的电网
So, with no way to keep cool, humanity dies.
因此如果没有办法保持凉爽 人类将死亡
By day 41, the Earth has passed by Venus.
到第41天 地球已经越过金星
We’re now the second planet from the sun,
我们现在是距离太阳第二的行星
and temperatures have climbed to 66 degrees.
气温已经攀升到66度
But believe it or not,
但信不信由你
some creatures still cling to life.
有些生物仍然活着
Like Thermus aquaticus, a bacteria that lives in Yellowstone’s hot geysers.
比如生活在黄石公园炎热间歇泉中的水生栖热菌
But less than a week later,
但不到一周后
temperatures are hot enough to boil water
温度高到足以烧开水
and kill even that bacteria.
甚至杀死了这种细菌
By day 54, temperatures surpass 160 degrees,
到第54天 气温超过160度
and the last remnant of life on Earth flickers out.
地球上最后的生命也逐渐消逝了
Soon after, the barren planet crosses Mercury’s orbit.
不久之后 这颗贫瘠的行星穿过水星轨道
For its last week of existence,
在它存在的最后一周
Earth is the first planet from the sun.
地球是距离太阳最近的一颗行星
Until day 65. The final day.
直到第65天 最后一天
By now, the sun’s extreme gravity
现在 太阳的极端引力
stretches the planet into an oval shape,
将地球拉伸成椭圆形
and magma begins to leak through the crust.
岩浆开始渗漏到地壳中
At about noon, Earth tears apart,
中午时分 随着气温达到3800度
bleeding liquid rock as temperatures hit 3,800 degrees.
地球裂开 流出液态岩石
Our planet is no more.
我们的地球将不复存在

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视频概述

如果地球停止绕太阳转动会发生什么?我们人类还能生存吗?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

叁秋

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zjjL9yaFrFc

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