Cody: The British Empire was the largest empire of all time.
In just 2 centuries, it went from a small island to the sole superpower on Earth.
Its language eventually becoming the 3rd most spoken today.
The empire has been so influential, that the modern world
would be unrecognizable without it.
That…is an interesting concept.
What if the British Empire never existed?
换句话说 因为某些原因 英国人从未殖民过
Say, for some reason, none of this is ever colonized by the Brits.
The most they EVER controlled is their tiny island.
In this video, I’ll try to craft one scenario.
Theorizing about what I believe could’ve happened.
This scenario will be an alternate timeline,
one that diverges from a point in our own history.
This time would need to be before the Act of Union, the creation of the United Kingdom.
Because the English and Scots had some overseas colonies in North America,
even before there was a British empire.
因此 在这条时间线上 从未有过任何苏格兰和英格兰的跨海领土
So, in this alternate timeline, there are never any overseas territories from Scotland or England.
There can be many reasons why the British don’t create colonies.
Maybe the attempted efforts failed horrendously.
Every venture created simply ends up like Roanoke.
Colonies become too much of a risk.
简单地说 无论什么原因 大英帝国并不存在
Simply put, for whatever reason, the British empire doesn’t exist.
In this scenario, we see a main cast of other empires to fill in the space instead.
至少在17世纪 西班牙 葡萄牙 荷兰和法国是中坚力量
Spain, Portugal, The Netherlands, and France, at least in the 17th century, are the main powers.
Now, this is the key point.
Since the British don’t rise,
it’s only logical that their rival would simply take their place instead.
Yes, that’s right.
Get out your croissants and dust off that tricolor.
In a world without the British empire…
…France is a global superpower.
Shocking, I know.
This alternate world is HEAVILY influenced by the French.
Brits and Germans just cry out in sheer terror.
There are many reasons why France,
and say not Spain or Portugal, who also had their own empires, would be the strongest instead.
France had a colonial empire just like the 2,
but it was able to adapt and consistently remain prominent.
Smart economic policy kept it alive,
while Spain, on the other hand, died from silver inflation,
and Portugal simply couldn’t maintain its own empire.
France was the birthplace of Mercantilism,
且在进军新大陆 于北美建立自己的统治 称为新法兰西时
and it used this philisophy when it expanded into The New World,
founding its own dominion on North America, called New France.
By the 16th century, North America was a continent of open potential-
(if you don’t count the native Americans).
Since the British don’t settle the land, and the 13 colonies don’t exist,
everything east of the Mississipi is completely open to France.
Except for New Amsterdam, but they aren’t much of a threat.
By the alternate 17th century, the continent and its natives are divided between two European zones:
New Spain (yellow) and New France (purple).
Spain’s power was much like a candle:
it burned hot, and then faded very fast.
The Spanish rose and fell without the British,
primarily because they weren’t very good with economics.
Good thing they got that fixed.
The Spanish’s wealth was from the silver mines of South America,
but this was destroyed because of silver inflation.
Spain’s fate isn’t too far different in this alternate timeline,
and their fate isn’t too important to talk about.
I’m just saying that you shouldn’t worry about them.
If there was a competition between the French and Spanish in North America,
there would be an obvious winner: France.
When looking at New France, its size is vast.
But it’s also pretty misleading.
The French never had a population like the British did in North America,
and they didn’t even have colonists in most of the region.
Settlement was in tiny forts, primarily around the Great Lakes and rivers.
These were centers to maintain trading routes and friendly alliances.
The French don’t ever care to take the Native American land.
It benefits them to make allies and friendships instead of conquering them.
Now, the French didn’t spare the natives out of the goodness of their own heart.
They didn’t need a farming colony in Virginia, like the British did.
They already had their own gold mine, in Haiti.
但北美有 而海地没有的一样东西 是毛皮
But the one thing that North America had that Haiti didn’t was fur,
primarily beaver fur.
And the people that knew where to find the beavers were the Native Americans.
And so, a trade relationship was born.
Over time, the trade relationships grew into political friendships.
The system of being under French trade is beneficial to Native Americans, since they don’t get kicked out.
But when you have numerous tribes competing over limited resources, like fur,
it can lead to violence.
In this alternate timeline, there are large wars between tribes fighting for hunting grounds.
The tribes that win these conflicts become the strongest,
and some band together to form alliances.
Over centuries, New France is a very multi-ethnic colony.
Enclaves of French colonists populate small towns and forts
在圣劳伦斯河、 大湖、 路易斯安那州和东海岸的兵营
on the St. Lawrence river, Great Lakes, Louisiana, and Eastern Coast.
These become very similar to the Quebec of today.
The majority of the population remains Native American,
divided into tribes and alliances under the New France realm.
The natives have begun to recover from the massive population loss, from smallpox, generations ago.
As the natives aren’t deported by the 18th-19th centuries,
that means tribes have had interactions with the French for a few hundred years.
我想 此刻 几个问题会被提出来
I think by this time, a few questions would start to be asked.
Are the French partners, or rulers of the natives?
Does New France have control over the tribes?
Do tribes have the same rights in New France?
在我们的时间线上 与这些想法有关 新法兰西永远迁移不够
In our timeline, New France never got populated enough for these ideas to be relevant.
但是 随着人口的增长 相互影响远不止于贸易
But, as population grows, and interaction extends farther than just trade,
these questions would have to be answered.
Conflicts could easily occur.
A weak New France could die under tribal conflict.
North America might easily become a poverty-stricken region if these questions aren’t answered soon enough,
and tribal conflicts aren’t prevented.
North America would be seen by Europe like we see sub-Saharan Africa today.
France was not a bastion of tolerance centuries ago, either.
They aren’t even tolerant to other Europeans.
So as both groups, Native Americans and French, begin to craft a society together,
things could get ugly.
Until those problems arrive, France would use this wealth from North America to bring itself about as a global power.
同时又资助另一场战争 可能对战英国 这并不令人惊讶
Unsuprisingly, also using this wealth to fund alternate wars, probably against Britain as well.
France remains the prominent power in a world without the British Empire.
The French culture and Catholicism are a common trait across the globe.
What this also affects is religion.
As the British don’t create the U.S, Protestantism is not spread as far.
The French and the Spanish, however, are left to spread Catholicism as far as they want.
Catholicism (if missionaries were successful) far outpopulates Protestantism,
which simply remains an enclave in Northern Europe.
French becomes the international language of commerce,
as France controls the trade throughout much of the world.
But wait a second…
Ironically, for a video talking about the British,
why did I spend most of the time talking about the French?
For the last few centuries, the rivalry between these 2 people has been a determining factor on world history.
Had one failed colonially, the other one would’ve succeeded.
This was the common theme…at least until the last century.
And in our timeline, Britain was the cultural victor.
在这种情况下 如果没有大英帝国 英语绝不会流行
In this scenario, English NEVER becomes a popular language without this empire.
This “English” language is simply restricted to one small island off the coast of Europe.
The greatest change of all is for Britain itself.
They’d be COMPLETELY at the whim of their rival.
The British could never challenge the French,
who would use their colonial power to dominate the island.
Ironically, in the biggest twist of fate,
the only way to stop themselves from being conquered was to conquer others.
Even though today, they seem to be close allies,
these 2 countries affected each other’s legacy in the world.
It only makes sense, had one side never even been in competition in the first place,
that the other would spread its influence and culture, after all.
One of the most influential factors making this video was
the idea that only 200 years ago,
where I was born, Ohio, was considered foreign land.
但经过了几代人的时间 人们来这定居 我的祖先移民到这 最终我出生了
But over generations, people settled, my ancestors migrated here, and eventually led to me.
Had Britain never created their empire, I unsurprisingly wouldn’t exist.
This video was sponsored by AncestryDNA.
AncestryDNA is a service that uses your genetics to determine where you ancestors came from.
It is a quick, easy test that is sent to you through the mail.
Months ago, I took this test.
And I was sent this box in the mail.
我要做的就是向这个管子中吐口唾沫 密封起来 然后再寄回去
All I had to do was spit in this tube, seal it up, and send it back in.
Then, in a matter of weeks, I got my results back from my DNA test.
You can do this to, by clicking in the link in the description.
Anyway, the service showed that my ancestry was roughly 40% British.
If you’re curious about the rest, it was
29％斯堪的纳维亚人 20％爱尔兰人 7%意大利人
29% Scandinavian, 20% Irish, 7% Italian,
and then a mix of some western European and 2% Jewish.
现在 甚至有 能让你看到你的祖先可能在美国呆了多久
And now, there is even a feature that allows you to see how long your ancestors may have been on America.
(If you’re American).
For me, it’s likely a possibility that my ancestors have been here since before the Revolution,
on the future Ohio border in Appalachia.
所以 在300年的时间里 我们只迁移了……
So, in the period of 300 years, we moved…
Like I said, it’s very easy to do.
去买一个小盒子 再把你的唾液寄回去 该公司就会分析出你的DNA
Order your kit, return a small saliva sample, and then Ancestry will analyze your DNA.
Wait around, and you’ll get your results in 6-8 weeks.
The test is $99, but if you use this url,
or click on the link in the description,
you’ll actually get 10% off.
当你真的拿到你的结果了 在评论里告诉我们 或者通过
When you do get your results, let me know in the comments, or by tweeting #MyAncestry.
This is Cody…of AlternateHistoryHub.