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如果太阳能电池板覆盖撒哈拉沙漠

What if Sahara Desert is covered with Solar Panels? | #aumsum

It’s AumSum Time.
这里是奥萨小课堂
What if Sahara Desert is covered with Solar Panels?
如果整个撒哈拉沙漠都被太阳能电池板覆盖会怎样?
Noo.
不要啊
Let’s cover it with pizzas and burgers.
让我们给它铺满披萨和汉堡
Oh listen.
哦 听着
The Sahara desert is around 9.2 million square kilometers in area.
撒哈拉沙漠大约有920万平方公里
Based on this, it can be estimated that the total energy produced
据此 我们可以估算出它通过太阳能电池板产生的总能量
by the solar panels would be approximately 22 billion gigawatt-hours per year.
大约为每年220亿千瓦时
This would be thousands of time our current electricity requirement.
这些能量将是我们现在需要的数千倍
Secondly, while generating electricity, fossil fuel power plants
其次 当产生电能时 化石燃料发电站
produce harmful gases and
会产生有毒气体
nuclear power plants produce radioactive waste.
核能发电站将会产生辐射性废料
But solar panels produce electrocity
但是太阳能电池板产生电能的过程
without causing harm to the environment.
不会对环境造成危害
Now, let’s have a look at some minor disadvantages.
现在 让我们来看看缺点
Firstly,
首先
sandstorms in the desert would regularly cover the solar panels with sand.
沙漠中的沙尘暴会经常遮盖太阳能电池板
Thus reducing their efficiency.
这就会降低它们的性能
Secondly, in a place where water is so scarce,
第二 在一个水资源如此稀有的地方
cleaning the panels would definitely be challenging.
清洗这些电池板无疑会是一个挑战
Lastly, the project would prove to be extremely costly.
最后 这一项目的实施代价昂贵
But, looking at the advantages, the cost seems to be worth it.
但是 看看那些优点 这些花费似乎是值得的
Oh…No!
喔 不
What if we dump our trash into volcanos?
如果我们把垃圾倒到火山里呢?
That’s a great idea, dude.
这是个好主意 兄弟
Now, listen.
现在 认真听
Now the only advantage here as compared to existing garbage incinerators
和已有的垃圾焚烧炉相比
would be conservation of fuel required for burn.
唯一的优点就是可以节省用于焚烧的燃料
However,
但是
there will be quite a number of disadvantages.
其中也有许多的不足
Firstly, in order to burn the trash,
首先 为了燃烧垃圾
we would have to locate currently active volcano, which also has a lava lake,
我们必须找到带有熔岩湖的活火山
such volcanoes are quite rare.
但是这种火山现在相当稀有
Secondly, transporting the garbage work us time, money and a whole lot of fuel.
第二 运输垃圾会耗费时间 金钱和大量的燃料
Thirdly, modern gabage incinerator plants more efficient in
第三 现代垃圾焚烧炉比起火山
controlling harmful emissions into the atmosphere as compared to volcanoes
在控制毒气进入大气层时更有效
Fourthly, although lava is extremely hot,
第四 尽管岩浆温度极高
it can’t melt everything.
但它不能够熔化一切
Hence, the remaining trash would just flow
因此 燃烧过后残留的垃圾会流动
and when the volcano would erupt
当火山喷发时
the trash would spread to surrounding area contaminating the soil.
垃圾就会喷射到周边的区域 破坏土壤
Fifthly,
第五
water and trash trapped in lava expands hundreds of times
留在熔岩中的废弃物变成蒸汽
its original volume to form steam.
会使它们的体积膨胀数百倍
This expanding steam
这些膨胀的水蒸气
which puts extreme pressure on the lava may burst out,
在熔岩中产生高压 继而可能会炸开
thus creating mini explosions.
因此造成小规模的爆炸
Lastly,
最后
an active volcano can be unpredictable.
活火山是不可预测的
Hence, if it errupts while one is dumping garbage,
因此 如果在它喷发的时候 有人正在倾倒垃圾
explosion will be fatal.
那会是致命的
Humm What if wind suddently stoppted?
那么 如果风突然停止了呢
Wind might stop,
风也许会停止
but Aumsum the great will never stop.
但是厉害的奥萨永远不会停止
Stop it, Aumsum.
得了吧 奥萨
Firstly, if there was no wind in heavily industrilized places,
首先 如果高度工业化的地方没有风
pollutants would not disperse
污染物就不会消散
making the air extremely toxic.
导致空气严重污染
Secondly, equator would get more hotter
第二 赤道将会更热
while poles would get more cooler.
极地将会更冷
Why?
为什么
Because in the absence of winds,
因为在没有风的情况下
heat at the equator will not be carried to the poles.
赤道的热量将不会传到极地
Thirly, kite and sailing ship enthusiasts would be extremely unhappy
第三 风筝及帆船爱好者将会非常不高兴
as kites are suddenly fall down and sailing ships are suddenly hault.
因为风筝飞不起来 帆船会突然停止前行
Forthly,
第四
birds would be very sad
鸟类会很伤心
as there would not be free lift anymore,
因为它们不能够乘风飞翔
they will have to flap their wings all the time .
它们必须要不停地拍打翅膀
Fifthly, as winds are major source of pollination,
第五 风作为主要的播种途径
without winds, plant life would greatly suffer.
没有风 植物的生活将会很痛苦
Sixly,
第六
wind energy companies will not be happy with this sudden change.
风能企业不会对这一突然变化感到高兴
One plus point of winds stopping suddenly is that
风突然停止的一个好处是
there will be no more tornadoes and hurricanes.
不再有龙卷风和飓风
What if there were no clouds?
那么如果没有云了呢?
No problem.
没事
I have my magic carpet.
我有我的魔法地毯
Oh, Aumsum.
喔 奥萨
Firstly, without any clouds,
第一 如果没有云
sunsets would no longer looks spectacular.
日落景象将不再壮观
Secondly, without any clouds,
第二 没有任何云的话
there will be no way to redistribute fresh water from one place to another.
将没办法把淡水从一个地方重新分配到另一个地方
Why?
为什么呢
because no clouds means no rains.
因为没有云意味着不下雨
Eventually,
最后
all the water present on earth would evaporate
如果地球上所有水都蒸发了
our earth would begin to look like Mars
那么地球就会像火星一样
dry and barren.
干旱而又贫瘠
Thirdly,
第三
temperatures would suddenly rise during daytime and drop at night.
气温会在白天飙升又在夜晚骤降
Why?
为什么
This is because clouds help regulate temperature.
因为云会调节温度
As clouds are generally white in colored,
因为云通常是白色的
they reflecting good amout of sunlight.
它们反射了大量的阳光
thus helping keep our day temperatures down, but at the same time
因此帮助保持白天的温度适宜 与此同时
at night
在晚上
it don’t allowed all the heat reflected from earth to escape.
他们不让反射的热量全部从地球逃逸
Thus, not allowing our nights to get too cold.
这样我们晚上也就不会太冷

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视频概述

如果撒哈拉沙漠被太阳能电池板覆盖,视频从不同方面分析了这一项目,同时讨论了如果没有风和没有云会对我们生活的产生的影响。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Christopher7

审核员

审核员SR

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhttNj7ZdtM

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