ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

如果珠穆朗玛峰是一座活火山会怎样? – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

如果珠穆朗玛峰是一座活火山会怎样?

What If Mount Everest Were an Active Volcano?

We all know how dangerous climbing Mount Everest can be.
我们都知道攀登珠穆朗玛峰十分危险
Historically, over 300 people died attempting to reach the summit.
历史上 超过300人在试图登顶珠峰时丧生
In 2019 alone, it claimed the lives of 11 people.
仅2019年 它就夺去了11个人的生命
Yet despite the risk,
尽管存在风险
its sheer magnitude and beauty
其惊人的规模和美景
inspires around 800 climbers a year
每年都会吸引大约800名攀登者
to flock to the mountain.
涌向这座山峰
But what if we stepped it up a notch and made Everest even more dangerous?
但是要是我们增加难度 使珠峰更加危险呢
Imagine this peaceful giant was an angry volcano
想象一下这个平静的巨人是一座愤怒的火山
waiting to burst.
等待爆发
How’s that for an adrenaline rush?
这会多么让人热血沸腾?
如果珠穆朗玛峰爆发怎么办?
它将如何影响世界的其他地区?
我们可以防止它和其他类似事件的发生吗?
This is WHAT IF and here’s what would happen
本期《自然无常》将为您讲述
如果珠穆朗玛峰是一座活火山怎么办?
There are 1,500 active volcanoes around the world,
世界各地有1500座活火山
and many of them found deep in the ocean.
其中绝大部分沉于深海
Yet, there are only 20 supervolcanoes on Earth.
然而地球上仅有20座超级火山
If Everest was one of them,
如果珠穆朗玛峰是其中之一
and happened to be sitting on a giant pool of magma
并碰巧立于一个巨大的岩浆池上
ready to explode,
随时准备爆炸
we’d be in serious trouble.
我们就会有大麻烦了
To put this into perspective,
从长远来看
the largest eruption on record,
有史以来最大的火山爆发
happened in 1815
发生在1815年(坦博拉火山)
on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa.
印度尼西亚松巴哇岛上
At only half the size of Mount Everest,
它只有珠峰的一半大小
it was once a 4,000 meter (13,123 foot) tall stratovolcano
曾是4000米(13123英尺)高的成层火山
which melted down to a 1109 meter (3,640 foot) deep caldera.
融化成1109米(3640英尺)深的破火山口
This classifies it as a supervolcano,
它被归类于超级火山
as it initially erupted over 1,000 cubic meters (240 cubic miles) of material
因为它最初在大约43000年前
around 43,000 years ago.
喷出了1000多立方米(24立方英里)的物质
根据火山爆发性指数
the 1815 eruption of Mt. Tambora
1815年坦博拉火山的爆发
earned the highest ranking ever recorded
以7级火山爆发指数获有史以来的最高排名
The most catastrophic eruptions
最具灾难性的爆发
火山爆发指数达到8级
happened thousands and millions of years ago.
发生在数千万年之前
The explosion of Mt. Tambora sent volcanic ash kilometers up into the sky,
坦博拉火山的爆发使火山灰飞到了上千米的高空
destroying crops and burying entire villages.
摧毁农作物并掩埋整个村庄
It triggered earthquakes and possibly large tsunamis.
它引发了地震 可能还有大型海啸
The release of ash and aerosols in the stratosphere blocked the sun
平流层中释放的火山灰和气溶胶阻挡了阳光
causing nearby temperatures to drop.
导致附近的温度下降
This made food and oxygen scarce,
这造成了食物和氧气的缺乏
killing over 100,000 people. Yikes.
夺走了超10万人的生命!
So if Everest happened to be a volcano ready to burst,
那么如果珠峰恰好是即将爆发的火山
what would happen?
将会发生什么?
尽管珠峰高达8849米(29035英尺)
in the world of volcanoes, and relationships,
对火山而言 以及在恋爱关系中
size doesn’t always matter.
大小并不总是那么重要
It’s what’s inside that counts.
内在的东西才是真正重要的
Deep below a volcano, beneath the Earth’s mantle,
在火山的深处 在地幔之下
is a magma chamber waiting to blow skyward.
是一个正等待着喷向天空的岩浆库
It’s hard to say how big Everest’s magma chamber might be,
很难说珠峰的岩浆库可能有多大
but it would have to be pretty large
但它必须足够大
to send magma high enough to reach the surface.
才能将岩浆喷发到足以到达地表的高度
If you happened to summit Everest on this fateful day,
如果你碰巧在火山爆发的这天攀登到顶点
you would be vaporised in seconds.
你会在几秒内汽化
Giant chunks of burning rock,
巨大的大块燃烧的岩石
也被称为火山弹
would be flung outward crushing villages
将被抛向外面损毁村庄
and smothering them with ash.
火山灰会令人们窒息
A flaming hot avalanche
炙热的雪崩
would decimate everything in its path.
会毁掉它面前的一切事物
All five countries circling Everest,
五个环绕珠峰的国家
including Nepal, India, Pakistan, Bhutan,
包括尼泊尔 印度 巴基斯坦 不丹
and The People’s Republic of China,
还有中华人民共和国
would be absolutely devastated.
都将会被彻底毁灭
Many earthquakes would trigger along the Indo-Australian and Eurasian fault lines.
沿着印澳和欧亚的断层线的很多地震都会被触发
Essentially, this would be very bad news for everyone.
本来这对于每个人都算是极坏的消息
But it gets worse.
但是情况会变得更糟
To add insult to injury,
雪上加霜的是
the release of ash into the stratosphere would block the Sun,
喷发的火山灰进入平流层 会挡住太阳
triggering a volcanic winter that could last for several years.
从而导致可能持续数年的火山冬季
This would destroy crops
这会摧毁农作物
and the United Nations estimates
据联合国估计
Earth would run out of food in just over 2 months.
地球会在短短两个多月内消耗完所有食物
If there were any survivors,
如果有幸存者
they would probably be deep in a bomb shelter somewhere,
他们可能会藏在某个地方的防空洞中
hoarding a lifetime supply of food and toilet paper.
囤积一生所需的食物和卫生纸
There is some light at the end of this tunnel though.
不过无尽的黑暗后还存有一丝光明
After about a hundred years,
大约一百年后
all these gases would actually start to warm the climate again.
所有这些气体实际上会再次使气候变暖
But that’s a long wait for a volcanic summer.
但这对于火山夏季是一个漫长的等待
If anybody actually survived this,
如果真的有人能够幸免于难
climbing Everest would be a whole new experience,
攀登珠峰将是一个全新的体验
and probably a lot easier to accomplish
也可能会变得更加容易完成
as a much smaller and hollowed out caldera.
因为它变得更小 且成为了一个中空的破火山口
You could finally check that off your bucket list.
你终于可以将它从你的愿望清单里划掉
But let’s rewind.
但是让我们倒带
What if we knew Everest was going to explode?
如果我们知道珠峰即将爆炸会怎么样?
What could we do?
我们能做什么?
As it turns out, scientists at NASA
事实证明 美国宇航局的科学家
have an almost $4 billion solution.
有一个40亿美元的解决方案
It would involve drilling a series of wells
这将涉及在火山周围
around the perimeter of the volcano
进行一系列钻井工程
to send ice-cold water down to the magma chamber.
以将冰冷的水送至岩浆室
This, in turn, would form a protective ring of cool rock
反过来 这将形成一个凉爽的岩石保护环
to help prevent a cataclysmic burst.
以帮助防止灾难性爆炸
As the water heats up,
当水变热时
NASA would extract it at the surface for electric power generation.
美国宇航局又会将其提取到地表发电
Talk about a win-win!
正好双赢!
Mind you, if they happened to drill in a sensitive area,
请注意 如果他们碰巧在敏感地带进行钻探
there’s a chance they could actually trigger an eruption,
是就有可能触动一场火山喷发的
which would be the biggest facepalm in the history of humanity.
这将是人类历史上最大的捂脸事件
Just to put you at ease,
不过放轻松
Everest is not a volcano and will never erupt.
珠穆朗玛峰不是火山 也永远不会爆发
Sherpas and climbers will stay in business for a long time.
夏尔巴人和攀登者将会保持长期合作
Yet, there are a number of supervolcanoes on Earth building pressure.
然而地球上有很多超级火山正在积蓄压力
These eruptions are extremely rare,
这些喷发是很罕见的
as pressure building isn’t always what triggers a volcanic event.
因为压力的形成并不总是会触发火山
Unlike earthquakes,
不像地震
volcanoes are much harder to predict.
火山喷发难预测得多
With that said, Yellowstone, America’s supervolcano,
说起来 美国的超级火山 “黄石”
is supposedly overdue.
已经过了预计爆发的时间
But that’s a story for another WHAT IF.
但那是另外一个故事了

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

想象一下,如果珠穆朗玛峰变成一座超级火山,会发生什么?我们又该怎么办呢?一起来看吧

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

JUST DO IT (JDI)

审核员

审核员CL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5MW37FcZI_A

相关推荐