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如果闪电雷暴永不停止会怎样?

What If Lightning Storms Never Stopped?

[Lightning]
[闪电声]
Your body is shaking and you’re feeling nauseous.
你的身体在颤抖 你也感到想吐
There’s a sharp pain in your chest,
你的胸口剧烈地疼痛着
and with each passing moment, it gets harder and harder to breathe.
每过去一刻 呼吸就变得愈加困难
And even harder to stop crying!
甚至忍不住大喊!
Don’t worry. It’s not a heart attack.
别担心 这不是心脏病
You are just experiencing a bout of astrophobia.
你只是在经历一阵雷电恐惧症
你并不孤单
Astrophobia is the third most common phobia in the U. S.
雷电恐惧症是美国第三常见的恐惧症
但这有什么恐惧的呢?
This is What If
这里是《自然无常》
And here’s what would happen If lightening storms never stopped
这里是 如果闪电雷暴永不停止会如何?
If you couldn’t guess
要是猜不出来
雷电恐惧症是对电闪雷鸣的恐惧
And while you might be able to keep your cool in a storm.
你也许能够在一场风暴中保持冷静
Lightning is undeniably a force to be reckoned with.
但闪电 无疑是一种不容小觑的力量
A single bolt of lightning can have up to 1 billion volts of electricity.
仅仅一束闪电就有高达十亿伏的电压
That’s more than enough power to start massive fires,
它的能量足以引起多场大火
destroy homes, and take lives.
摧毁家园 夺走生命
As many as 24,000 people die from lightning strikes each year.
每年多达2.4万人死于闪电袭击
But if lightning storms raged 24/7,
但如果闪电雷暴每天持续不停地咆哮
the number of deaths would get a lot higher.
死亡人数就会大很多
If you want to escape a lifetime of thunder and lightning,
如果你想脱离永不停止的雷电
you should consider moving to Egypt,
你就应该考虑搬去埃及
or the Patagonia region of South America, or Antarctica.
或南美洲的巴塔哥尼亚地区 或南极洲
Those are the three places that are virtually untouched
那3个地方基本不会
by the 8 million bolts of lightning that hit Earth each day.
被那每天八百万道袭击地球的闪电影响
As for the rest of the world,
至于世界的其他地方
a never-ending lightning storm would force us to rethink our priorities.
一场永不停止的闪电雷暴会迫使我们重新思考优先事项
Wildfires would pose a constant threat,
山火会是一个持续的威胁
and we’d likely be fighting several at once, the whole year ’round!
而我们可能一整年都要时刻对抗各处的山火!
We’d need to devote more resources to combatting these wildfires,
我们会需要投放更多的资源来扑灭这些山火
not only to protect ourselves,
这不仅是为了保护我们自身
but to preserve wildlife, ecosystems,
也是为了保护野生动物 生态系统
and valuable natural resources.
以及珍贵的自然资源
We’d also have to update the way we build buildings.
我们也会需要更新我们的建筑方式
How could anyone learn, or get any work done,
有谁能够在雷声轰隆不断的情况下
with the constant sound of thunder booming in their ears?
学习或完成工作呢?
We’d need to make soundproof walls and windows
我们需要安装隔音墙和隔音窗
to block out the harsh noise.
来隔断刺耳的噪声
We’d also put lightning rods at the top of every building.
我们也需要在每座建筑物的顶端安装避雷针
And at the bottom, hopefully something better than sandbags.
同时在底部 希望有比沙袋更有用的东西
Thunderstorms are almost always accompanied by rain, snow, or hail.
雷暴几乎总是伴随着雨雪或冰雹
So if lightning storms never stopped,
因此 如果闪电雷暴永不停止
constant flooding would be a huge issue.
持续的洪水就会成为一大问题
And even below ground, never-ending lightning storms
甚至在地表下 永不停止的闪电雷暴
would require a complete upheaval of our plumbing systems.
将需要我们大幅度改变下水管道系统
You might already know that
你可能早就知道
lightning tends to hit the tallest object in the area,
闪电往往会击中一个地区内最高的物体
but its charge can travel in all directions.
但它的电荷可以向各个方向传递
So when lightning strikes a house,
所以 当闪电击中一所房子时
it can send an electrical charge all the way down to its metal plumbing pipes.
它就会传出一束电荷一路直达房子的金属管道
To prevent this risk,
为了预防这种风险
we’d be better off switching to PVC pipes for plumbing, which don’t conduct electricity.
我们最好把管道改为不导电的PVC管
While never-ending lightning storms would be very inconvenient,
虽然永不停止的闪电雷暴会造成极大的不便
and incredibly dangerous,
和巨大的危险
“Why won’t it stop?”
“为什么不停下来?”
there’s a secret benefit to lightning that we don’t usually think about.
闪电其实有一个隐秘的好处 我们通常想不到它
闪电能产生臭氧
which is an essential gas in our atmosphere
那是大气层中的一种重要气体
that protects the Earth from the Sun’s harmful UV rays.
它保护地球免受太阳紫外线的伤害
Bursts of lightning trigger chemical reactions
一阵阵的闪电会触发化学反应
that release nitrogen-oxygen compounds.
该反应会释放出氮氧化物
These compounds react with the oxygen in our atmosphere to create ozone,
这些化合物与大气中的氧气反应产生臭氧
which shields us from solar radiation.
它会保护我们免受太阳的辐射
So while lightning can be loud and scary,
所以 虽然闪电可能很响 也很吓人
keep in mind that it’s also working to protect you.
但是要记住 它也一直在保护你
We’ll never live in a world where lightning storms never stop,
我们永远不会生活在一个闪电雷暴永不停止的世界
but with climate change on the rise,
但随着气候变化的加剧
we might expect to see more lightning storms.
我们可能会看到更多的闪电雷暴
一项研究表明
地球温度每上升1度
闪电活动预期会增加12%
If that’s true, by the turn of the century,
如果这真的发生 那在本世纪末
the U.S. could see a 50% increase in lightning strikes.
美国看到闪电雷暴的次数应该会增加50%
Then again, a newer study suggests that warming temperatures will actually
但同时 一项更新的研究表明 到本世纪末
reduce the number of lightning storms by 15% by the turn of the century.
温度变暖将减少15%的闪电雷暴次数
But whether we get more or less,
但不管我们经历更多或更少的闪电雷暴
and whether you hate it or love it,
也不管你喜欢还是讨厌它
the world needs lightning.
世界需要闪电
And who says we couldn’t use a little spark every now and then too?
而且谁说我们不会时不时想要有一点小火花呢?
But if you want to see something that’s even more shocking,
但如果你想看到一些更加惊人的事情
think about what would happen if a massive solar storm hit Earth!
想想 如果一场巨大的太阳风暴撞击地球会发生什么!
Well, that’s a story for another WHAT IF.
呃 那就是另一个《自然无常》的故事了

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视频概述

自然中的闪电雷暴有哪些好处和坏处?我们一起来一探究竟吧。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

徘徊的小孩

审核员

审核员HC

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J2y-L1zWlPg

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