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如果大家都过美式生活会怎样?

What If Everyone Lived Like Americans?

该视频由23andMe提供支持
This episode is supported by 23andMe.
现在全球有75亿人
There are currently 7.5 billion people alive on Earth
其中 有3.23亿人住在美国
of which 323 million live in the United States of America.
作为世界强国 虽然很多人对美式生活方式的看法不尽相同
As a global powerhouse, many have an opinion on the American lifestyle.
不过还是先让我们看看统计数据是怎么说的吧
But what do the statistics say and
假设我们都像美国人那样生活 又会发生什么呢?
what would actually happen if we all lived like Americans?
首先 你会有更多性生活
First off, you will be having more sex.
调查表明 美国人平均每年做爱约138次
Surveys indicate the Americans have sex 138 times per year on average,
位居世界第二 仅次于法国
which is the second highest in the world behind France.
色情片更加泛滥
Porn would also be even more abundant
世界约73%的黄片产自美国
as 73 percent of the world’s porn is produced in America.
美国人每年开车约13.476千米 位居世界第一
Americans drive 13476 miles per year, which is the most in the world.
这恰恰解释了为什么美国的交通事故居高不下
This explains why they have the highest rates of vehicle collisions worldwide
还有为什么那么多人在车里吃饭
and number of meals eating in a car.
说真的 统计数字表明约有20%的美式快餐是在车里吃的
Seriously, statistics show that 20 percent of American meals are consumed in a vehicle.
美国人平均每天吃掉约8盎司(226.8g)的肉
Americans eat eight ounces of meat per day on average,
几乎是世界均值的两倍
which is almost double the world average.
这使得美国每年宰杀吃掉近100亿只动物
This lead to Americans killing and eating 10 billion animals annually,
占世界总消费量的15%
which is 15 percent of world’s total consumption.
一个美国人每年通常会喝掉403瓶可口可乐饮料
The average American also drinks 403 Coca Cola products per year,
而世界平均值是92瓶
compare to the world’s average which is 92.
这些都造成美国
This all contributes to the US having the
卡路里 糖 脂肪摄取量
highest total caloric intake, sugar intake and fat intake,
与其它16个国家相比均为最高
compare to all of the other sixteen wealthiest countries.
但在水果蔬菜方面上 各个国家的消耗量不相上下
But consumption is similar in one category: fruit and vegetable consumption.
然而 食物又造出很多垃圾
And all of this eating contributes to trash.
美国人每年会丢掉约16亿只钢笔
Americans throw 1.6 billion pens
还有2.2亿个汽车轮胎
and 220 million car tires per year.
每个美国人每年约产729千克垃圾
An individual American produces 729 kilograms of garbage per year,
其中 约544千克是有机废弃物
of which 544 kilograms is organic waste.
这意味着大约占世界人口5%的
This means that the population of America,
美国人
which is roughly 5 percent of the world
产生了世界上40%的废弃物
generates 40 percent of the world’s waste.
对大多数人来说 美式生活意味着寿命长
For most of the world, the American lifestyle would mean living longer.
美国女性平均寿命约82.1年
The U.S. life expectancy is 82.1 years for women,
男性平均寿命约77.5年
and 77.5 for men.
但美国在世界上仍仅排第四十二名
But it still only ranges the forty-second in the world behind
排在澳大利亚 加拿大等其它工业化国家之后
other industrialized nations like Australia and Canada.
这种现象很可能是因为这些国家公费医疗条件更好
This is likely because these countries have better publicly funded health care.
美国的年龄中位数约37.9岁
The median age in the United States is 37.9.
意思是如果把美国人口分为两个数量相等的群体
Meaning if you divided the whole population of America into two equal groups,
那么会有一半人比37.9岁小
half of the people would be younger than 37.9 and
研究调查表明美国人口已进入老龄化 因为
America is defined as having an aging population in that
世界的年龄中位数低于30.1岁
the world’s median age is lower at 30.1.
尼日尔的年龄中位数最小 约15.3岁 相比日本
Niger has the lowest median age at 15.3 years old,compared Japan with
日本的年龄中位数是46.9岁 这是个大问题
could become an issue as their median age is 46.9.
按照美国人的方式生活每天大约需要10升油
The lifestyle of an American requires about 10 liters of oil per day.
但其它一些发达国家平均耗油量甚至更多
But some other developed countries consume even more on average,
比如加拿大人 每天要用10.2升油
like Canadians who use 10.2 liters per day,
然而孟加拉人耗油量最少的
while some of the lowest consumers of oil are Bangladesh
他们每天只用0.1升油
who only uses 0.1 liters per day.
要衡量全世界转换成美式生活的影响 一个直接方法是
A direct way of measuring the impact of the world switching to an American lifestyle
用全球性公顷衡量
is using the global hectare.
该测量方式评测每人每年所需土地和海洋面积的大小
This measurement looks at how much land, sea,
还有其它所需生产的自然资源
and other natural resources are needed to produce
即一个人每年消耗的资源量
what each person consumes per year.
例如 他们吃的米
For example, the rice they eat,
买的置物架 或者穿的衣服
the shelving unit they buy, or the clothes they wear.
世界人均每年需用2.7全球性公顷
The average person in the world uses 2.7 global hectares per year.
科威特式生活消耗最高 每年人均所需达8.9全球公顷
Highest is the lifestyles of those in Kuwait, who use 8.9 global hectares annually.
美国稍稍落后于科威特式生活 每年消耗6.8全球公顷
with the US trailing slightly behind with 6.8 global hectares per year.
因人类活动产生二氧化碳
With the amount of CO2 released from this,
研究表明我们也许需要另一半地球那么大的陆地
study showed that we would need a another half of an Earth
以在安全范围内利用地球资源
in order to absorb it at a safe rate.
尽管其它研究认为该估值过低
Although other studies suggest that these are underestimations.
那么设想一下 如果我们都像美国人般生活
So you can imagine if we were all living like Americans,
那太可怕了
it would be catastrophic.
事实上 我们需要4.1个地球以维持
In fact, we would need 4.1 Earth in order to sustain
所有人像美国人那样生活
everyone living like an American.
特别感谢23andMe的赞助
Special thanks to 23andMe for sponsoring this video.
如果你曾想要的知道自己的基因
If you ever wanted to understand you own DNA and
了解你的祖先来自于世界上的哪个区域
see which region of the world your ancestors come from,
或者你的基因会怎样影响你身体性状和身体健康
or how your DNA influences physical traits and health,
那么请登录网址23andMe.com/asap
then check out 23andMe.com/asap.
我们已经亲身测试 发现
We’ve tried it ourselves and found out that
格雷格拥有的尼安特德人基因更多
Greg has a lot of Neanderthal DNA,
而米奇发现了为什么他那么爱吃披萨
while Mitch found out why he loves pizza so much.
你只需将自己的唾液吐进一个管内
All you have to do is spit in a tube and
他们会分析你的23对染色体
they’ll analyze your 23 pairs of chromosomes,
这也是该公司名字的来源
which is where the name comes from.
再说一次 点进网址23andMe.com/asap 来了解自己吧
Again, head to 23andMe.com/asap, to learn about yourself now.

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视频概述

23andme成立于2006年,是一家基因测序公司,用户可以通过公司的检测产品了解到自己的基因状况,并收到分析报告。

听录译者

Rrrr

翻译译者

海绵

审核员

ZY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7knPYg5S4hY

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