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如果地球只有一个季节会怎样 – 译学馆
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如果地球只有一个季节会怎样

What If Earth Only Had One Season?

Hey there!
大家好!
Welcome to Life Noggin.
欢迎收看《品生活》
Uh oh!

The subscribe button and the bell button are getting to a fight again
订阅键和铃声键又想打一架了
Guys you both have things you got to work out, ok?
哥们儿 你们俩都还有事要做呢好吗?
Everyone has their favorite season
每个人都有自己最喜欢的季节
On the internet, people will even fight you over it
在网上 人们甚至会因此开战
But what if there was only one season?
但是如果地球上只有一个季节呢?
Seasons are the result of the Earth’s tilt
季节的更换是由地球的倾斜导致的
The axis – or the imaginary line through the north and south poles that our planet spins around
地轴 或者说想象中贯穿南北两极的直线
isn’t straight up and down.
并不是上下垂直的
It’s actually tilted in about a 23.5-degree angle
它实际上以23.5度角倾斜着
As the Earth makes its journey around the sun
当地球绕着太阳转时
which represents one year
在这一年的时间中
this axis always points in the same direction
地轴一直都指向同一个方向
That’s why, throughout the year
这也就是为什么在一年中
different parts of the Earth are in a direct view of the sun
在地球上的任何地区都可以直接看到太阳
Scientists think the tilt was caused when the Earth was hit
科学家认为地球的倾斜
by a Mars-sized object named Theia
是由于在地球形成后不久
shortly after the Earth was formed
受到一个和火星同等大小的叫Theia的物体的撞击
This theory, called the Giant Impact Hypothesis
这个被叫做“大碰撞假说”的理论
is thought to also be how the moon was formed
也被用来解释月球形成的原因
So what if the entire planet experienced only one season?
那么 如果整个地球都只有一个季节会怎么样呢?
Well, instead of cycling between hot and cold weather
酷暑和严寒的循环更替将不复存在
average temperatures would remain constant
平均气温将会保持恒定
This would have a big effect on plants and animals
这会对植物和动物产生巨大的影响
and in turn, a huge impact on humans as well
转而也会对人类产生巨大影响
There actually has sort of been an example of this over 200 years ago due to a volcanic eruption
实际上 200多年前的一场火山喷发就是先例
When a volcano erupts, it releases dust, ash
火山喷发时
and sulfur into the atmosphere
会向大气中喷发沙土 灰尘还有硫
that could block solar rays and actually cool the planet
这些物质阻挡了太阳能射线 使地球降温
These effects can last from months to years
这种情况可以持续几个月甚至几年
The largest known eruption occurred in 1815
已知的最大的一次火山喷发发生在1815年
when Indonesia’s Mount Tambora released
当时印度尼西亚的Tambora山
so many particles into the air
向空气中释放了太多颗粒
that it darkened the sky
以至于天都变黑了
and affected the climate for months
对气候的影响持续了数月
In fact, due to this event
事实上 因为这一次事件
in the summer of 1816 New England and Europe experienced frost
新英格兰和欧洲在1816年的整个夏季
snow, and ice storms throughout the summer months
都在经历霜冻 下雪 以及冰暴
This was later dubbed the “Year Without a Summer.”
这次事件被称为“无夏之年”
But would an endless winter really be so bad?
但是无尽的冬天真的有这么糟糕吗?
Think about all the skiing, or sledding or hot cocoa drinking you could do
想想看你可以滑雪 坐雪橇 还可以喝热可可
Well, if you happen to enjoy eating as I do
如果你正好和我一样喜欢美食
I have some bad news
那我有坏消息想告诉你
While some very important crops, like wheat
一些非常重要的作物
various vegetables, and some fruit trees
比如小麦 许多蔬菜还有一些果树
require a period of cold to stimulate growth
需要一段时间的低温来促进生长
they won’t sprout until after it warms up
在回暖前它们是不会发芽的
So without spring and summer
所以如果没有了春天和夏天
it would be nearly impossible to grow any produce or grains
作物 谷物 还有其他相关的植物
or any other plant for that matter
几乎是不可能生长的了
During the Year Without a Summer
在无夏之年中
many crops died from the frost and lack of sunshine
许多作物死于霜冻和缺少阳光
resulting in famine and poverty due to skyrocketing food prices
而食物价格的猛涨也导致了饥荒和贫困
The cold temperatures also killed many animals, from sheep to birds
低温同样杀死了许多动物 比如羊和鸟
And without spring
没有了春天
you can forget any new animals being born
任何动物的诞生都是痴心妄想
Most species time their mating behaviors
大多物种都选在
to produce offspring in warmer months
有很多食物来源的温暖的时候
when there are lots of food sources
进行交配生子
So it turns out that getting hit by that big rock
所以说被那个大石头撞了一下
was the best thing to happen to our planet
是我们星球上发生过的最好的事
Without that tilt and our four seasons
如果没有地球的倾斜和四季
life here would be pretty difficult
在这里生活会很艰难
Hopefully this will make you enjoy your summer vacation even more
希望这个事实会使你更加享受你的暑假
if you have one!
如果你有暑假的话
So what season is your favorite
你最喜欢哪个季节
Let me know the reason in the comment section below
在下方的评论区告诉我哦
and be civil about it, ok guys
注意留言要文明 好吗
Curious to know what would happen if you never left the pool?
想知道如果你一直泡在泳池里会发生什么吗?
Check out this video
点击这个视频
One of the first things you’d experience is
你会经历的第一件事情是
some really, really wrinkled fingers and toes
起皱的手指和脚趾
This feature actually gives you improved grip
这个特性使你可以在水下
on objects underwater
更好地对物体施力
It’s thought that this extreme constriction
这种血管的极度收缩
of blood vessels was an evolutionary advantage for humans
被认为是人类进化出的一个优势
As always my name is Blocko!
我是Bloko!
This has been Life Noggin!
这里是《品生活》!
Don’t forget to keep on thinking
不要停止思考

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视频概述

如果地球只有一个季节,会发生什么呢

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

潘魁

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审核员BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-TQHdMdBf20

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