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吃了兴奋剂会发生什么? – 译学馆
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吃了兴奋剂会发生什么?

What Happens When You Take Steroids?

这一集由hims赞助播出
This episode is supported by hims.
超过三百万美国人正在使用兴奋剂
With over three million Americans having used steroids,
需求还在进一步的加大
the desire to bulk up is strong
当你吃兴奋剂的时候 你的身体
But what even happens to your body when
会发生怎样的变化?吃这些东西有怎样的巨大风险?
you take steroids and are there major risks to performance-enhancing drugs?
每当你锻炼举杠铃时
Every time you pump a weight
都会造成肌肉体验损伤
at the gym your muscles experience damage,
然后身体就会通过
but the body recovers
合成新的肌肉蛋白组织去修复这些肌肉纤维
by forming new muscle protein strands to repair the muscle fibers.
这些组织久而久之会增长到一定密度和数量
Over time these strands increase in thickness and number and
最后合成的肌肉蛋白比原来衰退的更好
ultimately if muscle protein synthesis is greater than muscle protein breakdown
这样你的肌肉就会成长
your muscles will grow.
成长的程度主要由生殖蛋白合成的雄性激素决定
The degree of growth is largely regulated by testosterone, which increases protein synthesis.
因此一般而言
It’s why, generally,
男性因具有更高水平的雄性激素而比女性更强壮
men have larger muscle mass than women as they have higher levels of testosterone.
现在的兴奋剂都是任意有四个碳环的化合物
Now steroids are any compound with a specific 4-carbon ring structure,
所以
so the term
实际上兴奋剂就包括一些常用于治疗发烧和
steroid actually includes some chemicals that can be used to
头疼的化学制品 甚至是一些性激素比如雄性激素和雌性激素
treat fever and headaches and even sex hormones like estrogen and testosterone.
但我们发现
But the type
一种模仿得到增益效果的兴奋剂
of steroid we’ll be looking at actually mimic natural
实质上是人工雄性激素
testosterone with the intention to enhance
还有超过15%的
performance and are used by more than
健身爱好者在使用
15% of gym-goers.
服用的兴奋剂一天内将
Within a single day of taking steroids the expression
改变你的基因表达
of your genes will begin to change.
兴奋剂很容易进入细胞与雄性激素受体结合
Steroids easily enter your cells and bind to the androgen receptor.
通过这个方式它们可以
At this point they can move
移动到细胞核并附着在DNA上
into the nucleus and attach to your DNA,
这样就可以激活数百个基因去合成生殖蛋白 延缓蛋白衰退
which activates hundreds of genes to increase protein synthesis, while slowing protein breakdown.
结果
In the end,
兴奋剂使用者的肌肉细胞内比常人多三到五倍的细胞核
people who take steroids can have three to five times more nuclei in some muscle cells.
兴奋剂还可以使脂肪细胞
Steroids can also stop the differentiation
停止分化和减少个人的肥胖程度
of fat stem cells and decrease a person’s body fat.
它每天都能使你的肌肉很快得到成长和力气
Days in and your quickly increasing muscle size and strength,
同时也在对抗损伤以此保护肌肉纤维
while also protecting muscle fibers against damage,
你可以为了放松锻炼和得到恢复而服用兴奋剂
making steroids ideal for exercise tolerance and recovery as well.
但继续服用下去你的行为举止可能会开始改变
But continue to take them and your behavior may start to change.
因为兴奋剂的受体是存在于
Because steroid receptors are found
我们的神经系统中心部分 比如前脑
in parts of our central nervous system like the forebrain,
下丘脑和垂体腺 兴奋剂会导致典型类固醇癫狂
hypothalamus and pituitary gland, steroids can lead to the classic roid rage.
一项有关兴奋剂成年使用者的研究表明
A study of athletes taking steroids showed
20%的兴奋剂使用者比其他人更可能狂躁和抑郁
20% developed higher manic and depressive scores than non-users.
而服用兴奋剂超过十周的老鼠对
Mice given steroids over ten weeks also become
同一个笼子里的其他老鼠也更加具有攻击性
more aggressive towards other mice put in the same cages.
公鼠变得更有统治风范且
Male mice also become more dominant and are
更愿意为和母鼠交配而竞争
more willing to compete for sex with female mice.
但交配的动力并不能转化为更好的性技术
But that sex drive may not translate to better sex.
对女性使用者而言
For female users
兴奋剂会干扰发情周期甚至减少性欲
steroids can interfere with the estrus cycle and may decrease sexual drive.
还会使人更加男性化
Masculinization can occur as well
她们将有更深沉的声音并开始蓄胡子长体毛
with female users gaining deeper voices and starting to grow more body and facial hair.
男性使用者的精子也可能减少并变得畸形
Male users may experience sperm cell abnormalities and decreased sperm count.
兴奋剂还会减少
Steroids also decreased natural production
使男性维持生殖器官尺码的激素
of hormones that are necessary for maintaining testicular size,
也就是说你的蛋蛋将会萎缩
meaning your balls will shrink.
而且由于大部分兴奋剂使用者只能
And since most steroid users follow a cycle
断断续续地遵循服药周期
of on and off dosing periods
雄性激素的自然水平很快下降
natural levels of testosterone can be quite low
有时会造成不举并失去开车的梦想
at times causing erectile dysfunction and decreased libido in males.
有40%的男性使用者会增大乳房组织
40 % of male users also developed enlarged breast tissue,
因为兴奋剂会分解为雌二醇
as steroids break down into estradiol,
从而刺激乳房组织的成长
which stimulates the growth of mammary tissue.
最后 兴奋剂还会导致
Finally steroids can cause a high level
几乎所有的使用者长粉刺
of acne in almost half of users and
并增加犯心脏病和中风的风险
increase the risk of heart disease and stroke
当然了 兴奋剂可以使你更快地变强
So yes, steroids will make you bulk
并提高你的运动能力
up faster and improve your athletic ability,
但最重要的是
but as with most things,
你也将同时体验一系列的风险和副作用
comes with a set of risks and side effects that you’ll likely experience as well.
我们非常感谢您今天
We want to send a big thank you to hims
对hims视频的支持
for sponsoring today’s video.
hims是一家专为男人
Hims is a company that makes it easier
处理某类尴尬问题的公司
for men to deal with issues that can sometimes feel embarrassing,
比如脱发 不举或是皮肤病
like hair loss erectile dysfunction or skin issues.
hims提供人性化的推荐服务和网上医生的建议
Hims offers personalized recommendations and advice from doctors online
并对所有事情进行保密 所有的治疗手段也都经过科学验证
and everything is confidential and all the treatments are scientifically validated.
除此之外
On top of this,
他们并不会用名牌产品 价格十分优惠
their products are way cheaper because they use generic versions instead of brand names.
还可以将产品邮递到你家门口
And it’s delivered right to your door.
你可以去forhims.com/asaphair支持我们
You can show support for our show by visiting forhims.com/asaphair
得到一套综合理发产品只需要五元
to get a comprehensive haircut for only $ 5,
没想到吧
which is an amazing deal.
当我们和朋友们逐渐变老
As we, and our friends get older,
关于脱发之类的话题也
there’s lots of conversations that come up about
变得越来越多了
hair loss and so something
这套综合工具就是一个完美的开始
like this comprehensive kit is a perfect way to get started.
大兄弟 要照顾好自己啊
So dudes, let’s take care of ourselves,
你也赶紧去forhims.com/asaphair
and you can start by visiting forhims.com/asaphair
记得点订阅 我们下周再见
Make sure you subscribe, and we’ll see you next week.

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视频概述

本视频主要介绍了服用兴奋剂会有哪些风险,强身健体靠锻炼,依赖药物需谨慎。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

孤竹君

审核员

审核员SX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K2V7YQhsFo4

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