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做爱时我们的身体会发生哪些变化?

What Happens to Your Body While You Are Having Sex?

[Narrator] As the Hollywood cliché goes,
[旁白] 就像好莱坞老套的剧情
post-coital, some of us sit back against the headboard,
有些人做爱后 会坐在床头点烟
proud of our accomplishment at gratifying our lover,
为自己成功取悦恋人
spouse, or one-night stand, and then light up a cigarette.
伴侣或一夜情对象而自豪
How was it for you?
你做爱后是怎么样的?
Good enough, you surmise, as you take a well-earned drag.
你边慰劳自己抽着烟 边臆想自己干得相当不错
Or are you the kind of person to roll over in an instant,
还是 那种做完倒头就睡的人
perhaps leaving your bed-fellow exasperated
不顾恼火的床伴
and hardly ready to catch some Zs?
恨不得马上睡着
Or, perhaps you spare just a moment reposing,
又或者 你是那种稍作休息
and then compose yourself and start again?
就又蓄势待发的人?
Do you cuddle up, have a chat, talk about deep things,
你会和伴侣相拥 聊一些深入的话题
or even request a favor of your lover?
或请求伴侣帮忙吗?
According to research, these are all common,
研究显示 这些都很正常
but what happens to our bodies during and after sex?
但是 在性爱中和性爱后 我们的身体发生了什么?
That’s what we’ll find out today
这就是本期《图形信息秀》
in this episode of The Infographics Show,
我们要弄清楚的问题
What Happens to Your Body While You Are Having Sex?
做爱时你的身体发生了哪些变化?
Today we’ll talk about what happens to both men
今天我们要探讨 异性做爱的男女双方
and women having heterosexual sex.
身体会发生什么变化
And when we say sex we mean intercourse, lovemaking,
当我们谈到“性”时 指的是性交 做爱
copulation, fornication, or as the Brits say, having it off.
交配 婚外性行为 或者英式一点的说法 打炮
So, let’s start with the man,
现在 让我们从男性说起
what happens to him?
做爱时男性的身体会有哪些变化?
At some point during sex, men reach a point of no return.
性交过程中的某一时刻 男性不得不射精
This is sometimes called Ejaculatory Inevitability.
有时也被称作 “射精必然性”
Pulse rate and blood pressure rise, the sperm leaves him,
男性射精时 脉搏和血压升高 精子喷射出体外
and his penis has contractions.
同时 阴茎痉挛缩紧
Now he can return to resting and let his body calm down,
高潮后 男性会恢复放松状态 让身体不再亢奋
which apparently happens faster for men than women.
据说男性高潮后比女性恢复得更快
The penis becomes flaccid,
阴茎在射精后变软
and most men will have to wait some time before they can go at it again,
大部分男性需要过一段时间才能再次勃起
but it all depends on age, fitness, and, of course,
不过 这完全得看男性的年龄 健康状况 以及
the urge to return to the hearth of passion.
想再次点燃欲火的冲动
Some guys at this point will just want to go to sleep;
有些男性在高潮后只想好好睡一觉
is this plain rude or is it a biological necessity?
这究竟是明晃晃的无礼 还是生理所需?
Well, listen up disgruntled women:
不满的女性朋友们听好了
Science says it’s natural for men to want to sleep,
科学研究表明 男性在高潮后想睡觉是正常的
and for various reasons.
而且原因 各种各样不尽相同
Notwithstanding the obvious,
尽管显而易见 有个原因是
in that it’s often nighttime and tiredness might be normal.
做爱通常在夜里 疲惫再正常不过
another reason is because, upon reaching orgasm,
另一个原因是 男性在高潮时
men release lots of pent-up anxiety.
释放了许多累积的压力
So do women, and they might feel tired, too.
女性同样如此 因此高潮后也会感觉疲惫
But it seems men sleep more after sex,
但研究结果显示
according to research.
高潮后男性入睡的情况似乎更多
Another thing is brain chemistry
还有一个原因是脑化学
All these chemicals spill out in the brain when men ejaculate,
男性射精时 大脑会产生
including serotonin, oxytocin,
血清素 催产素
norepinephrine, vasopressin, and nitric oxide.
去甲肾上腺素 加压素和一氧化氮等化学物质
Some of these chemicals are related to de-stressing
其中一些与缓解压力
and the readiness to sleep.
有助入眠 是有关系的
This can lead to that feeling of Phew,
这些物质让人产生一种如释重负的感觉
and then men want to relax, just as they would
就像剧烈运动之后很想休息
after any strenuous exercise.
男性在做爱后也是如此
It’s kind of like getting a hit of morphine,
这有点像打了一剂吗啡
and apparently that hit is much stronger
显然 做爱产生的吗啡剂量
when having sex than when masturbating.
比自慰大得多
One doctor puts it like this when talking
谈论脑内化学物质释放时
about the release of chemicals:
有医生是这样说的:
“They give you a very relaxed feeling,
“这些物质减缓脑波和脑机能
“slow down your brain waves and cerebral functioning,
让你感到放松
“and make you feel pleasantly tired.”
产生一种舒适的疲惫感”
But it’s thought the hormone that is released,
但有人认为 大脑内释放的催乳素这种荷尔蒙
called prolactin, is the main reason men want to sleep.
是男性想睡觉的主要原因
It gives you satisfaction, and the less of it you have,
催乳素产生满足感 它分泌得越少
the more likely you will go for round two quicker.
你越可能在短时间内来第二发
Really satisfied men may just turn over and start to snore.
真正感到满足的男性也许倒头就睡
Another thing is, is that he might want to go for a pee.
此外 男性在事后还可能想小便
The reason?
原因何在?
It’s chemicals again.
还是化学物质搞的鬼
Oxytocin and prolactin affect the kidneys,
催产素和催乳素影响到肾
and this makes him run off to the bathroom.
导致男性跑去厕所解手
Some experts also think it’s to clean the urethra
一些专家认为 排尿为的是清除尿道中的细菌
from bacteria, a kind of natural need.
这是一种自然需要
It might also just be because he’s been holding it in
也可能只是因为
during all that messing around.
他在做爱过程中一直撇着尿
He then finds the pee won’t come out.
随后 他会发现自己尿不出来
That is normal, because for the sperm to come out,
这是正常的 因为体内括约肌
your internal sphincter muscle clamps, and this is to close the bladder.
为了射精会缩紧
This is to stop the semen from entering the bladder.
以便 关闭膀胱防止精子进入
In a recent article in Cosmopolitan magazine,
《大都会》杂志一篇最新文章认为
it was suggested that men who want to cuddle are keepers,
高潮后要拥抱伴侣的男性 是能够长相厮守的人
but it also says that men who don’t might just be succumbing
但也说 不这样做的男性 也许只是
to their own body’s demands.
无法抵御自己犯困的生理需求
You might find that your penis feels a bit sore,
在剧烈的收缩后 你会觉得
but this is just normal after all that contracting.
阴茎有点疼 这是正常的
Don’t worry, it shouldn’t last long.
别担心 很快就会好
And don’t be shocked if your testicles have shrunk,
也别为蛋蛋缩小感到惊讶
because this is normal, too.
因为这也是正常的
A doctor talking to Men’s Health magazine explained it like this,
一位医生在《男性健康杂志》对此做出了解释
“When you ejaculate,
“男性射精时
“the cremaster muscle contracts
提睾肌收缩
“and brings your testicles up closer to your body,
使得睾丸与身体贴合得更紧
“giving you the perception that they’re smaller.”
于是让人产生蛋蛋缩小的错觉”
Lastly, you may get a cramp in the toe.
最后 你的脚趾可能会抽筋
Apparently, this happens a lot,
显然 这种情况经常发生
but it’s just because orgasm
但这只是因为高潮
causes stimulation in the nerves, especially S1 in the spinal column,
刺激到了神经 尤其是骶椎S1神经
and that nerve affects the toes.
从而影响到脚趾
If you look at some research,
如果你去看一些研究
it also says some men’s moods change dramatically after sex,
还会发现有些男性事后的情绪起伏非常大
but given the release of all that tension
但考虑到做爱后压力的释放
and all those chemicals flooding out,
和各种化学物质的产生
that’s not so surprising.
这也就不足为奇了
Some men have reported feeling emotionally handicapped after a great orgasm,
有些男性反应 其在强烈高潮后 会有情绪障碍
and that’s thought to be because huge amounts of dopamine were released.
有人认为是身体释了大量的多巴胺导致的
It’s like coming down from a drug
类似于 人们从愉悦狂喜的
that makes you feel happy or ecstatic.
毒品药效中清醒过来
In women, the feelings can be similar, as we shall see.
我们将会在女性中看到相似的情况
So, what about post-coital women?
所以女性做爱后 身体会有哪些变化?
Well, women may not always orgasm.
女性并不总是能高潮
According to an article in Psychology Today,
《今日心理学》期刊
which cited a number of studies,
一篇旁征博引的文章显示
around half of women will regularly orgasm during intercourse,
在性交中 约50%的女性经常高潮
about 20% of women rarely orgasm,
约20%的女性很少高潮
20% consistently orgasm, and 5% never orgasm.
20%的女性能连续高潮 5%女性则无法高潮
When they do, it’s different from a man’s one great push to the sun,
不像男性高潮时一次性射精
as women have what has been called,
女性高潮是
“Rapid, rhythmic contractions.”
“快速而有规律的收缩”
This can be quite the event,
这可以表现得比较明显
and some women certainly show this in their face,
有些女性会明确地在脸上表现出来
sometimes looking like they’ve had an ecstatic experience.
有时看上去 她们好像经历了天堂般的体验
These shock waves go through her genitals, her anus,
高潮感从生殖器蔓延到肛门
her uterus, and her pelvis,
子宫和骨盆
and she too will have a magnificent rush
这时女性的大脑也会
of chemicals flooding through her brain.
迅速分泌大量化学物质
She may experience female ejaculation,
她有可能出现潮吹
which is when a milky liquid will come out of her urethra.
即从尿道中排出乳白色液体
Don’t worry, women, there’s nothing wrong with this.
女生们别担心 这没什么
But what about when a lot of liquid comes out?
但如果排出了大量的液体呢?
A neurophysiologist from Rutgers University in Newark,
罗格斯大学纽华克分校一位神经生理学家说
says, “It’s not the same milky stuff if it comes out in large amounts;”
“液体要是排量很大 就不会还是乳白色的”
in that case, she says,
如果那样的话 她说
“It is urine diluted with substances
“那是尿道旁腺分泌物
“from the female prostate.”
稀释过的尿液”
Scientists are still not clear as to why some women do this and others don’t,
科学家还不清楚 为什么只有部分女性才有这种现象
but it’s certainly not harmful.
但可以肯定的是 这是无害的
So, why are women often up for a chat
为什么女性经常在做爱后愿意聊天
about tomorrow’s activities or the meaning of life
闲聊 明天的活动或者人生的意义
while some men are already halfway to Lalaland?
而男性却昏昏欲睡呢?
According to a study in the Netherlands undertaken in 2005,
根据2005年在荷兰进行的一项研究
women are more focused than men during sex,
相较男性 女性在做爱时更专注
their minds completely set to the task of reaching orgasm.
她们一门心思想让自己达到高潮
This is because their amygdala and hippocampus,
这是因为大脑中负责情绪活动的
which regulate feelings, kind of turns off.
杏仁体和海马体 功能有些停滞
They are at one with sex, well,
至少 她们如果专心做爱
at least if they are fully immersed in it.
就会和性爱融为一体
“Once we’ve come, we return to our bodies,
“一旦高潮 我们的身体就会恢复
“our consciousness re-calibrates,
意识重新调整
“and our emotional intelligence returns,”
情商也回来了”
said an article in Bustle about this phenomenon.
《Bustle》杂志上的一篇文章如是说
But after sex they switch back,
在做爱后 身体状态会恢复
and it’s then they get that lovely hit of oxytocin,
女性就是在这时 会分泌催产素
sometimes called the cuddle chemical.
有时也被称作“诱导拥抱”的激素
One study found that people with high levels
研究发现 睾酮水平高的人
of testosterone release less of this after sex,
在做爱后 分泌的催产素更少
and men generally have high levels;
而男性的睾酮水平通常较高
some women do too, of course, just not as much.
有些女性的睾酮水平也很高 当然 没男性那么高
So men, next time you turn over,
所以男生们 下次做爱后想睡觉
blame your lack of oxytocin.
就把责任推给 缺乏催产素吧
And women may not experience a refractory period at all.
女性有可能在做爱后压根不会发困
This is the downtime men need to get ready to do it again.
男性则需要休息才能再次勃起
Note: teenagers may not need much downtime, but then again,
注意 青春期的男性可能不需要休息那么久
sex doesn’t always last that long
但对这些性欲旺盛的男孩来说
for these hyper-carnal kids.
再次做爱时 持续时间可能会变短
Women are multi-orgasmic,
能够多次高潮的女性
and they usually could just start again.
通常不经休息就可以再次高潮
But be careful there, women, because sex can be more painful
但需要注意的是 做爱对女性来说
for you than it can be for men.
可能会更痛苦
Women might cramp up in the uterus,
由于“诱导拥抱”的激素 催产素的作用
and this is due to the cuddle drug, oxytocin.
女性子宫可能会痉挛
Let’s now call that the double-edged sword chemical.
因此 可以说催产素是一把“双刃剑”
There might also be some burning
还可能 女性由于阴道干涩
because of the vaginal tissues getting dry,
产生灼烧感
but lubrication can help.
不过 能够使用润滑剂改善
The stinging doesn’t mean there is a problem,
有灼烧感并不意味着有问题
but obviously if it persists longer than a day or two,
但是显然 如果持续时间超过一天或两天
it might be something else.
那就可能是出毛病了
And if men see shrinkage , then women see the opposite,
男性做爱后器官会缩小 女性却是相反的
in their breasts at least.
至少 她们的胸部会变大
Many women’s breasts get bigger after sex,
很多女性做爱后胸部会变大
and in some women by as much as 25%.
甚至 有些女性会足足变大25%
According to Women’s Health magazine,
根据《女性健康》杂志的说法
just how swollen the breasts become differs
女性胸部肿胀的程度
from woman to woman.
因人而异
The same article also said, “A woman’s clitoris
这一文章同时表明 “女性的阴蒂
“will become very small at point
在高潮时会变得非常小
“of orgasm, almost disappearing.
几乎要消失了
“At the same time, women’s nipples
同时 女性的乳头
“may become more sensitive, but this is very natural.”
会变得更加敏感 但这很正常”
Other reports say some women become giddy after sex,
其他一些报告指出 有些女性在做爱后会头晕
and others feel great confidence, seeing their bodies
有些女性则感觉充满自信
as much more attractive than before.
觉得自己身体变得更有魅力了
Most reports we can find state
我们找到的大部分研究都发现
that while some women may experience a slump after the sex,
虽然有些女性在做爱后会情绪低落
it’s the men that really suffer from depression,
但是 男性却是实实在在会心情抑郁
sometimes a week long.
有时甚至能持续一周
But as the saying goes, what goes up, must come down,
但正如谚语所云 有起必有落
and most of the time it’s worth the ride.
大部分情况下情绪起伏是值得的
So, does this video accurately describe what happens
本期视频是否精确描述了
to your body during sex, or did we leave something out?
性爱中男女身体的变化?有没有漏掉哪些内容?
Let us know in the comments.
欢迎在评论中告诉我们
Also, be sure to check out our other video called,
另外 记得观看我们的另一期视频
What Happens When You Die.
《人死的时候会发生什么》
Thanks for watching, and, as always,
感谢观看 和往常一样
don’t forget to like, share, and subscribe.
记得点赞 分享 订阅我们的栏目
See you next time.
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做爱时我们的身体会发生哪些变化?

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