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车祸的瞬间你的身体发生什么变化? – 译学馆
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车祸的瞬间你的身体发生什么变化?

What Happens To Your Body During a Car Crash?

嘿 大家好!
Hey,there!
欢迎收看品生活!
Welcome to Life Noggin!
大家好 我想大家认识一下我的朋友 格拉哈姆
Everyone,I’d like you to meet my friend Graham.
现在 别害怕
Now, don’t be alarmed.
他不是病 也不是受伤 或其他
He isn’t sick or injured or anything.
实际上完全相反
Actually quite the opposite.
澳大利亚墨尔本
He was designed by Melbourne,
交通事故委员会设计了它
Australia’s Transport Accident Commission when they decided
他们决定弄清楚 如果人类进化后
to find out what humans would look like
能在车祸中存活 是什么样子的
if they evolved to survive car crashes.
人类实际上 真的不擅长安全驾驶
You humans are actually really bad at drivingsafely.
人们开车发信息 酒驾 超速 不系安全带
People text, drive drunk, speed, and don’twear seat belts.
与其他类似相比 高收入的国家
Compared to other similar, high income countries,
美国每年有最多的致命车祸
the U.S. has the most deadly car crashes each year,
仅2017年就有四万起致命事故
with 40,000 fatal accidents just in2017.
当你的车猛撞到其他东西时
When your vehicle is slammed into something else,
不论它是另一辆车 一棵树
whether it’s another car, a tree,
还是障碍物 许多事可能发生在你的身体上
or a barrier, a lot of things can happen to your body. Thankfully,
谢天谢地 人们制造的汽车有
cars are built to absorb a good amount
称为撞击缓冲区的区域 能吸收来自
of the force from the collision in
撞击的巨大力量 但是它们却并不完美
areas called crumple zones, but they’reclearly not perfect.
发生事故的车辆仍然能让车里的人晃动
The energy of an accident still shakes the people inside,
经常致使车主严重受伤
often severely injuring the occupants.
车与另一个物体碰撞的位置
Where the car comes in contact with another object
会影响到冲击力会传导哪里
dictates where the brunt of the force will be delivered
也会影响到车里面的人会怎样晃动
and how the occupants of the car will be thrown about. So,
因此当一辆车前面撞到东西时
when a car crashes into something head first,
人们经常会猛撞到方向盘
people often slam into the steering
或前面的仪表盘
wheel or front panel and experience
胸部和下肢会受伤 如肋骨折
chest and lower limb injuries like broken ribs or
压碎腿等
crushed legs. Whereas,
然而 侧面撞击会使你
getting hit from the side will launch you away
受到影响和
from the impact and common injuries
包括头部 胸部的普通受伤及下肢的严重问题
include head, chest and lower extremity problems.
追尾碰撞会把你急剧颠向前面
Rear-end crashes jolt you forward and are notorious
经常是脖子和背部受伤 如挥鞭样损伤
for neck and back injuries like whiplash.
最后 侧翻事故导致人们被推出去
And finally, roll over accidents result in people being jostled
就像正在
about like they’re being
雪球里震动一样
shaken in a snow globe.
这些撞车通常伴随着头部和胸部受伤
These crashes are typically accompanied withhead and chest injuries. Obviously,
显然 如 你坐的位置
things like where you’re sitting,
你开车的速度 和你是否
how fast the car was moving, and if you were
系了安全带 一切都与你是否能存活起着重大作用
wearing a seatbelt all play a big part in whether you survive or not.
这些伤的严重性极大取决于安全带的使用
And the severity of these injuries is heavily dependent on seatbelt use.
当我进入车里
When I get into a car, one
我首要做的事就是
of the first things I do is buckle
系安全带 就像90% 的美国人做的一样
my seat belt, just like 90 % of Americans.
但是 那些10%的人认为他们很酷
But for those 10 % that think they’re too cool
没有安全带 他们死于撞车的可能性是双倍的
for seat belts, they’re twice as likely to die in a car crash.
没有正确系安全带也有可能导致巨大的问题
And wearing your seatbelt incorrectly canalso cause huge problems.
如果安全带系太高 绕着你的腹部
If it’s too high and rests around your stomach,
在事故中 安全带可能撕裂
the belt could rip apart your inner organs
你的内部器官
in an accident!
你知道 我说过学习很有趣
You know I do say learning is fun.
但这也是很恐怖的
But this is also terrify.
众所周知 在创伤事件中 如撞车
It’s also known that during a traumatic event like a car crash,
你的大脑会进入作战或逃离模式 并集中于如何存活
your brain can go into fight or flight mode and focus on how to survive,
而不是来记忆
versus storing memories.
这会导致人们不记得可怕的车祸 和之后发生的事
This leads to people not remembering horrific car accidents and what happened after.
人们也会遭受创伤后精神障碍
People can also suffer from PTSD and flashbacks
在事故发生多年以后 重现车祸场景
of a crash for years after it occured.
但是 有个好消息
But the good news is
你可以轻易减少你在事故中
that you can very easily reduce your likelihood of being in an accident
承受严重受伤的几率
and your chance of sustaining serious injuries.
系上你的安全带
Wear your seat belt.
按照规定限速
Follow the speed limit.
为了皮特 你要密切关注道路情况
And for Pete’s sake, keep your eyes on the road.
真的 我不想皮特受伤
Seriously, I don’t want Pete getting injured.
他也是个好人
He is a great guy, too.
你还想知道人体其它什么事吗
What else do you want to know about the humanbody?
在下方评论区告诉我们
Let us know in the comment section below,
或告诉我们 下期我们应该谈论什么
or tell us, what should we talk about next?
想知道 无人驾驶汽车是如何实际操作的吗
Curious to know how self driving cars actuallywork?
看一看这个视频!
Check out this video!
那么无人驾驶汽车大大降低死亡数据也是有可能的
so it’s possible that well made self driving cars could drastically decrease that number,
而且这些车可以供
but also these cars could make driving possible again
不会开车的人驾驶
for people who couldn’t drive otherwise,
像视觉障碍患者或老年人
like the visually impaired, or elderly.
一如既往 我叫布洛克 这里是品生活
as always, my name is Blocko, this has been life noggin,
别忘记坚持思考
don’t forget to keep on thinking.

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视频概述

不同车祸会造成身体不同部位的受伤。避免车祸,我们要正确系安全带。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

*雾岛之樱。

审核员

审核员 EY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZT_uuEGJku8

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