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如果亚马逊雨林烧光了会有什么后果? – 译学馆
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如果亚马逊雨林烧光了会有什么后果?

What Happens To Earths Oxygen If The Amazon Rainforest Burns Down?

Hello friends and welcome back to another video
嗨 大家好 欢迎回来
here on life’s biggest questions,
这里是《生命大问题》
the channel that looks to answer those puzzling,
这个频道能够解答
burning questions you want answers to.
那些令人费解和焦灼的问题
Today will be answering what happens to Earth’s oxygen,
今天来解答如果亚马逊雨林被烧毁
if the Amazon rainforest burns down?
地球上的氧气会发生什么变化呢
As always, please drop us some comments with questions
老规矩 请在评论中写出你想要解答的问题
you want answered and stick around to find out
然后等着被翻牌吧
If your comment from previous video got my attention,
如果注意到你在先前视频中的评论
I’ll be responding to some comments at the end of this one.
我会在本视频的末尾回复你
Make sure you hit that subscribe button and the bells,
请务必点击订阅和提醒
so you always get notified when we post a new video.
那么每当我们更新时 你就会知道
These are videos you don’t want to miss out on.
这些视频不容错过哦
I’m sure you’ve heard by now.
我相信你们已经听说过这件事情了
but the Amazon rainforest is on fire
但我还是要说一下 亚马逊雨林正发生火灾
if you don’t know why or how it happened
如果你不知道事情发生的缘由
be sure to check out some of our other videos
一定要看看我们其他的一些
explaining the whole incident in detail.
详细解释整个事件的视频
But to summarize what’s been referred to as the world’s lungs
总的来说 这个被称为“世界之肺”的热带雨林
has been burning for approximately three weeks now
由于巴西总统鼓励的人为焚烧
because of manmade fires encouraged by brazil’s president.
已经烧了大概三个星期了
Obviously, this is not only a huge issue
显然 这不仅对生活在亚马逊雨林
for those living in or near the amazon rainforest
和附近的人 包括土著部落的动植物来说
including the indigenous tribes animals and plants,
是一个大问题
but also the rest of the world.
而且对世界其他地方也是如此
The amazon rainforest is believed to be home to more than half of the world’s
现存的动植物和昆虫有一千万种
estimated 10 million species of plants animals and insects
而它们中有一半以上生活在亚马逊雨林
And one fifth of the world’s freshwater is in the amazon basin according to save the amazon org.
据显示 世界上五分之一的淡水都在亚马逊盆地
So for it to be completely destroyed will not only be a tragedy,
因此 彻底摧毁它不仅是一场悲剧
but would also lead to some very severe consequences for the planet.
而且还会给地球带来一些非常严重的后果
One of those consequences is losing 20 % of the world’s oxygen.
其中一个后果 就是失去世界上20%的氧气
Now, of course, that doesn’t mean there won’t be enough oxygen for us to breathe.
当然这并不意味着目前没有足够的氧气供我们呼吸
The world would find a way to adjust
人们会找到调整的方法
and there would still be enough oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere to keep us from suffocating.
大气中仍然有足够的氧气来防止我们窒息
But this would also mean a big increase of carbon constantly being pushed out
但这也意味着不断被排放到大气中的碳含量会剧增
a lot more than we currently have,
而这个问题本来就已经很严重了
which is already a large problem
导致地球温度上升和气候变化
and contributes to the Earth’s rising temperature and climate change.
而这次事件更是排放了比现在多得多的碳 使这一情况变本加厉
It’s believed the Amazon rainforest absorbs approximately
据说亚马逊雨林吸收了大约
2.2billion tons of carbon dioxide.
22亿吨的二氧化碳
Without the trees there to absorb the carbon and filter it out
如果没有树木吸收碳并将其过滤
to push fresh oxygen back out to the earth.
再把新鲜的氧气送回地球
You better believe the fight against climate change would be next to impossible,
你最好相信 应对气候变化几乎是不可能的
some have gone as far as referring to the Amazon rainforest
有些人甚至把亚马逊雨林
as the air conditioner of the world.
比作是世界的空调
With removal Batista a forest campaigner for Greenpeace
绿色和平组织的森林运动者巴蒂斯塔说
and Brazil saying that every single tree in the Amazon
亚马逊的每一棵树都能帮助
helps “control the humidity and how the heat is exchanging in different parts of the world”
”控制湿度以及世界上不同地区之间的热量交换”
This is, of course, due to the amount of oxygen being pumped out every second of every day.
这当然是由于每时每刻都有大量的氧气排出
But, without that system working as it should,
但是 如果这个系统不能正常工作
the world will quickly start to see and feel the effects of losing its lungs.
人们将很快开始感知到失去“世界之肺”的影响
The good news is at the Amazon rainforest is quite large
好消息是 亚马逊雨林相当大
If it were considered a country,
如果把它比作一个国家
it would be considered the ninth biggest in the world.
它会被认为是世界的第九大国
But it’s already lost 20 percent of the land it originally had
但是它已经失去了它最初拥有的20%的土地
and it’s believed to be diminishing by approximately twenty thousand square miles per year,
而且 它正以每年大约2万平方英里的速度减少
and this scary part is the Amazon rainforest works as a cycle.
可怕的是 亚马逊雨林的运作是一个循环
It’s rain gets absorbed by the plants
雨水被植物吸收
which release water back into the air,
植物将水分释放回空气中
which creates clouds and more rain.
从而产生云和更多的雨水
But if it keeps getting destroyed,
但如果它继续被破坏
it will make it harder and harder for this cycle to continue,
会使这个循环越来越难以继续

which would lead to less rain.
这将导致降雨量减少
This would interfere with the cycle
这将会影响到这个循环
that is vital for the Amazon rainforest to continue functioning and filtering out carbon from the air
而这个循环对于亚马逊雨林继续运作和过滤空气中的碳
and providing the world with fresh oxygen.
并为世界提供新鲜氧气是至关重要的
As of today, it seems like we’re going to be okay,
虽然我们失去了它的五分之一
even though we’ve lost a fifth of the land.
现在看来 没什么大碍
It’s so big that it’s gonna be a little while before it’s all gone.
亚马逊雨林太大了以至于要过一段时间才会全部消失
With that being said it’s no secret that climate,
随着时间的推移
change has become more and more serious
气候变化变得越来越严峻
as the years have gone on.
已经不是什么秘密了
This is in direct relation with the fact
这与亚马逊雨林
that the Amazon rainforest is down 20 %
从一开始就减少了20%的事实
from what it originally started.
有直接的联系
And with the direction Brazil’s president is going in,
随着巴西总统的政策推行
it seems like the deforestation isn’t
森林砍伐
going to be slowing down anytime soon.
似乎不会在短期内减缓
And although the loss of the Amazon rainforest altogether wouldn’t
尽管亚马逊雨林完全消失
necessarily mean we’d have trouble breathing,
也不一定意味着我们会难以呼吸
it would definitely lead to us having issues with climate change more so than we already do.
但它肯定会导致比现在更严重的气候变化问题
As of today, we’re already having trouble combating climate change
从现在开始 我们在应对气候变化方面已经遇到了瓶颈
so if there was an increase in how quickly it’s happening,
因此 如果气候变化的速度加快的话
there’s no telling what the fate of the world would be.
谁也不知道我们的命运会如何
If you’re interested in helping the cause,
如果你有兴趣帮助这项事业
you can look up a handful of nonprofit organizations
可以寻找一些非盈利组织
whose sole focus is the preservation of the Amazon rainforest.
他们的核心关注点就是保护亚马逊雨林
There’s also petitions circulating the web for government officials to take action.
还有要求政府官员采取行动的请愿书也在网上流传
As of now, it seems unclear what
到目前为止 似乎还不清楚
state the Amazon rainforest will be in
这些大火一旦停止
whenever these fires do stop.
亚马逊雨林将处于什么状态
It is important to mention, July and August are normally the beginning
值得一提的是 7月和8月通常是旱季的开始
of the dry season and the region’s driest months
也是该地区最干燥的月份
with activity kicking by early September and stopping by mid November according to NASA
据NASA(判断)干旱的影响会在9月初开始 11月中旬结束
And by those standards, it seems like things are expected to get worse before they get better.
据以往的经验 情况在好转之前似乎会变得更糟
Cheers to helping the Amazon rainforest.
我们为拯救亚马逊雨林的行动喝彩
And of course, our planet can recover from this whole situation.
我们的地球也肯定会从现在的状况中恢复
As always I’d love to hear your thoughts in the comments below.
老规矩 我喜欢在下面留言栏里听到你们的想法
when these fires stop, you think the Amazon rainforest will be able to restore itself.
当熊熊大火停止 你们觉得大火熄灭之后亚马逊雨林可以自我恢复
How will the loss of land affect our planet
但是土地的损失会对我们的日常生活
in our day-to-day lives and in the bigger picture ?
和更宏观的局势上产生怎样的影响呢
You guys gotta let me know in the comments down below.
你们可以在下面留言跟我分享
For now, I’ll be replying to some comments from the video.
现在 我会回复视频的一些评论
What if aps evolved past humans?
如果猩猩是由人类进化而来的会怎样?
Sayid Briscoe said, “what if everyone was perfect?”
赛伊德•布依斯说:“如果每个人都是完美的又如何?”
well Saeed, I will say, “you’re perfect.”
好吧 我会说:“你是完美的”
Because your photo or display picture on YouTube is a picture of the Eagles, I’m a huge Eagles fan
因为你在油管上的头像和照片是老鹰乐队 我是他们的忠实粉丝
my dad is Philadelphia now always been an Eagles fan,
我爸是费城人 现在也是老鹰乐队的粉丝
so you’re perfect, my friend, and go Eagles
所以老铁 你是完美的 加油 老鹰乐队
The muffin man said, “we see apes in the zoo all the time.
松饼老人说:“我们老是去动物园看猩猩
Just imagine it the other way around.”
想想吧 它们也在看我们”
I wouldn’t necessarily agree with that,
我不太同意这个想法
because zoos are kind of an enclosure.
毕竟动物园是围起来的
You know these apes don’t necessarily have the free rein to go wherever they want.
对吧 这些猩猩也不是想去哪儿就去哪儿
But I get what you’re saying just imagine it from that, perspective of like
但我明白你的意思 想象一下
the ape thinks that his enclosure is the entire world.
猩猩觉得围墙里才是整个世界
And the humans are the attraction to be a very interesting movie.
它们看人类就像看有趣的电影一样
If I ever make it, I’ll credit you.
如果我成功了 会感谢你的
What’s your real name? Is it that? I don’t know.
你的真名是啥 是这个吗 我不知道
Rocky senior 1 or Rocky SR 1 not really sure I’d say this name
洛奇高中一年级还是洛奇高一我不太确定念得对不对
said, “Is this why I have silver hair on my back” that common actually laugh out loud.
他说:“这就是我后背上长了银色的头发的原因吗” 我笑了
For those of you guys that don’t know.
大家可能不知道
There is a type of a gorilla called a silverback gorilla,
有种猩猩叫银背大猩猩
so the joke you is making obviously
这个人肯定是在开玩笑
is that because humans evolved from apes.
你是想说因为人类是从猩猩进化来的
He still has silver hairs on his back,
而你还保留着背上的银色毛发吗?
and I think they probably just killed the joke by explaining it.
但你这个梗被帮你解释的老实人毁了啊
And on that note guys, I’m gonna wrap this one up
伙计们 在结束之前
Be sure to give it a good old thumbs up, If you enjoyed the video.
如果你们喜欢我的视频一定要点赞哦
Make sure you’re subscribed, so you guys never miss a video.
记得点下订阅就不会错过我的视频啦
And if you’re lucky, we might actually
还有如果你够幸运的话 我们可能会
answer one of the questions that you guys drop us in the comments down below.
回答一个你们在下面评论中提出的问题
Be sure to share this video with a friend as well,
如果你喜欢这个视频
if you enjoyed it and you think they’ll enjoy it.
而且觉得你的朋友也会喜欢 记得分享给他
My name is Jared Bronstein.
我是杰瑞德·布朗斯坦
You’ve been watching life’s biggest questions,
你正在收看的是《生命大问题》
and we’ll see you in the next video.
我们下期再见

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视频概述

亚马逊雨林对人类,乃至各个物种都有着重要的影响,在这个视频里作者会为你解答亚马逊雨林在生态系统中的作用……保护环境,即刻行动吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

阿亚

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WgqTJYJ4Gsk

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