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如果人类消失了狗狗们会发生什么?

What Happens To All The Dogs If Humans Disappear?

Hey there!
大家好!
Welcome to Life Noggin!
欢迎来到《品生活》
Any dog lover will tell you that our furry friends make our lives better
任何爱狗人士都会告诉你毛茸茸的朋友能让我们的生活变得更好
they save lives as police and search and rescue dogs
它们像警察和搜救犬一样拯救生命
and take care of us as therapy and service dogs
像治疗师和服务犬一样照顾我们
Studies even show that they improve our health by reducing stress
更有研究表明它们提高我们的健康是依托于舒缓压力
and lowering blood pressure and cholesterol
降低血压和胆固醇
They also make Twitter slightly more tolerable
它们让推特变得更容易接受
thanks to their adorable little faces
这归因于于它们可爱的小脸蛋
That’s why whenever I get stressed out
这就是为什么我感到焦虑时
I spend time with my buddy – professor Cuddlesworth
我会和我的小伙伴-Cuddlesworth教授在一起
Here boy!
过来 小伙子!
That’s a good dog!
真是一个好狗狗!
Yes you are!
对的 好狗狗!
It’s clear that life without them would be horrible for us,
显然没有它们我们的生活会变的很可怕
but what about them?
但是 对于它们呢?
If every human suddenly disappeared
如果人类突然消失
what would happen to our dogs?
在我们狗狗身上会发生什么呢
the question really is do they even need us?
问题是它们真的需要我们吗
Researchers estimate we’ve been domesticating dogs for ten to forty thousand years
研究人员估计 人类驯化狗狗已经持续了一到四万年了
Since then, we’ve provided them with food, protection, and shelter
从那时起 人们为狗狗提供食物 保护以及庇护所
Without humans, dogs that are used to being cared for
没有人类 习惯于被照顾的狗狗
would need to quickly learn how to fend for themselves
需要快速学会如何照顾它们自己
Since no one will be filling up their food bowl
因为没有人填满它们的饭碗
they will need to scavenge or hunt for food
它们需要觅食或寻找食物
So, dog breeds that are known for their tracking and hunting abilities like spaniels and retrievers
所以 以追踪和狩猎能力著称的犬种如西班牙猎犬和寻回犬
would have it much easier than other breeds.
相比于别的犬种更有优势
They will also be living in a world without temperature control.
它们也将生活在一个没有温度控制的世界
So some dog breeds that struggle in the heat or cold
因此 一些无法适应酷暑和严冬的狗狗
wouldn’t fare well in those climates.
在这种气候下很难生存下去
dogs with thick coats, like the husky
有厚毛的狗狗 如哈士奇
or brachycephalic dogs with flat faces, like the bulldog
或拥有扁平脸的狗狗 如斗牛犬
could easily overheat in hot regions
在炎热的地区容易热死
While breeds with short hair, like the boxer
而一些短毛的狗狗 如拳师狗
or dogs with low body fat, like the greyhound
或一些低脂肪的狗狗 如灰狗
would freeze in cold climates.
在寒冷的气候中会冷死
Good thing professor Cuddlesworth here falls right in the middle.
幸好Cuddlesworth教授正好处于二者之间
Plus, he’s a skilled hunter.
另外 它是一个有经验的猎人
Yes you are!
对 你是!
Since dogs were bred to be less aggressive than their wolf ancestor
由于狗被驯化 它们的攻击性比祖先狼弱
the portion of their brain responsible for the fight or flight response has shrunk
它们大脑中负责战斗或逃跑反映的部分已经萎缩
which will make it difficult for most dog breeds when faced with predators.
而这使得大多数狗狗更难面对捕食者
Over time, it’s likely that most dogs would adjust to their new lives
它们一旦掌握了生存技能如寻找食物
once they developed survival skills like finding food
和庇护所以及结成同盟
and shelter and forming alliances.
随着时间推移 大多数狗狗可能会适应它们的新生活
But it may take a few generations.
但这可能需要好几代的时间
We’ve seen this happen with dogs
我们早已经看到过这类情况发生在
who escape or are released into the wild.
逃跑或被放生到野外的狗狗身上
Without human contact, they become feral.
没有人类接触 它们会变得凶猛
In a 1995 study
在1995年的一项研究中
the first few generations of feral dogs have high rates of juvenile mortality
前几代的野狗幼崽有着很高的死亡率
and indirectly depend on humans for food.
并且间接依靠人类来获取食物
However, after long periods of time when natural selection has taken it course –
但任其自然经历长时间的自然选择之后
we’re talking thousands of years here – wild dog species emerge.
我们所说的是几千年 野狗物种就出现了
This is thought to be the story of the Australian dingo.
这被认为是澳大利亚野狗的故事
So, eventually, dogs will be okay.
所以 狗狗最终会没事的
Though it is reassuring that your little buddy needs you
但可以放心的是你的小伙伴需要你
just as much as you need them.
就像你需要它一样
So do you have dogs?
所以 你养狗了吗?
What kind, and let me know their name in the comment section below
什么样的呢?在评论区告诉我们它们的名字吧
or tell us what we should talk about next!
或告诉我们下期讨论什么
We’ve been getting a lot of comments recently
最近我们收到很多评论
asking about how these life noggin videos actually get made.
询问这些《品生活》视频是如何制作的
Since so many of you wanna learn how the animator works his magic
因为很多人像你一样想知道动画师如何变魔术的
I decided to team up with our sponsor Skillshare
我决定与我们的赞助商Skillshare合作
Skillshare is an online learning community
skillshare是一个在线学习社区
with thousands of classes covering dozens
拥有数千个课程
of creative and entrepreneurial skills.
覆盖了数十种创意和创业技能
I am personally recommending the Simple Character Animation class by Fraser Davidson.
我个人推荐弗雷泽·戴维森的简单角色动画课程
It’ll teach you the basics of animating a walk cycle in After Effects
它会教你在After Effects中创建一个时步循环的基础知识
and that’s how I move!
这就是我移动的方式!
Premium Membership gives you unlimited access that starts at under $10/month
高级会员提供无限制访问权限且首月低至十美元
so you can fuel your curiosity and creativity.
所以请尽情激发你的好奇心和创造力吧
Because Skillshare is sponsoring this video
由于本视频由Skillshare赞助播出
you can sign up with the link in the description
你可以通过视频中链接注册
and get a 2 month free trial
并且可以获得两个月的免费使用
If you love learning and creating and want to support Life Noggin
如果你热爱学习和创造并且想支持《品生活》
Go to skl.sh/lifenoggin4
去skl.sh/lifenoggin网站叭
and get started today!
从今天开始
as always, my name is Blocko, this has been Life Noggin
一如既往地 我是《品生活》的Blocko
bark bark bark bark bark bark
汪汪汪汪汪汪

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视频概述

主要介绍了狗狗如何被人类驯化,以及不同的狗狗有什么特点。最后说明了狗狗与人类能够相互促进共同成长

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

春可期

审核员

审核员SR

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nonX7vjxRT8

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