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濒死时大脑里在想什么

What Happens Inside a Dying Mind?

Near-death experiences can happen under many circumstances.
很多情况下 人都有濒死体验
But survivors often describe similar mysterious sensations.
幸存者经常描述的神秘感觉大多相似
Some people report floating above their bodies
有人说自己漂浮在身体上方
and viewing the world from high up.
从高处俯瞰这个世界
Others say they’ve traveled through a dark tunnel into light.
其他人说他们穿过黑暗的隧道走进光明
Some visit a heaven-like place and meet spirits
有些人去了宛如天堂的地方
or dead relatives.
看见了魂灵或已亡亲人
Many feel a sense of connectedness
很多人感到自己与世界相融
or a sudden understanding of the world.
或者说对世界有了顿悟
Science has tried to explain these experiences
科学家们尝试着去解释这种
as glitches in a dying brain.
濒死时大脑出现的小故障
For example, a part
例如 大脑的
of the brain called the temporal parietal junction assembles data from your senses and organs
颞顶交界收集来自感官和器官的信息
to produce your overall perception of your body.
来感知你的全身情况
If it’s damaged, it can create the sensation of
如果这个部位遭到损伤
an out-of-body experience.
人则会有灵魂出窍的感觉
Some researchers think too much carbon dioxide
另一些研究人员认为大量二氧化碳
might affect your vision, making it feel like you’re in a tunnel.
会影响视力 让人有置身隧道之感
It is known that a lack of oxygen
众所周知缺氧会让人
can cause hallucinations.
产生幻觉
A brain under stress can also produce a rush of endorphins
大脑在压力之下会产生大量能带来
which might trigger a sense of peace and well-being.
平静感和欣悦感的脑内啡
And a study of dying rats revealed that
一个有关濒死老鼠的研究显示
right before flat-lining, their brain activity spiked.
将死之际 它们的大脑活动加速
If the same is true of human brains,
如果人类大脑也是一样
that might explain why people have these vivid
也许就能解释为什么人们在濒死之际
hyper-real experiences just before death.
有这些生动的超现实体验
But none of these explanations is complete,
但这些解释都不完整
and not everyone is convinced the science lines up.
而且不是每个人都相信科学
For example, people who weren’t lacking oxygen
比如 没有缺氧的人
have described visions of heaven.
也说看到了天堂
And we don’t know what was actually happening
自称灵魂出窍的人的大脑里
in the brains of those who’ve reported out-of-body experiences.
真正发生了什么我们无从知晓
Some researchers think the mind or soul can leave the brain
一些研究人员认为濒死之时
when someone is near death.
精神灵魂都会离开大脑
In a recent experiment they placed images on high shelves
在最近的实验中 他们在病房的高架子上
in hospital rooms, where they’d be visible only from near the ceiling.
放了一些图片 只有在天花板附近才能看到
They interviewed hundreds of cardiac arrest survivors
他们采访了许多在这个房间里抢救的
who’d been revived in those rooms.
心脏骤停的幸存者
Not one reported seeing the images.
但没人说看到过这些图片
Science has a way to go before it can fully explain near-death experiences.
想用科学充分地解释濒死体验 路还很长
But whatever the truth about them,
但无论真相如何
they are powerful events that help people who have nearly died
这些都是能帮助濒死之人从更积极的角度
see their trauma in a more positive light.
看待他们的创伤的大事件

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视频概述

关于濒死体验的科学猜想

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

六十一

审核员

审核员 W

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rMhuLIRDmIc

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