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亚特兰蒂斯之谜

What Happened To Atlantis?

If the Mythical island nation of Atlantis truly existed,
如果亚特兰蒂斯这个神话般的岛国真的存在
then where is it? Why haven’t we found it yet?
那它在哪儿呢?为何至今我们还没找到它?
Here are 10 ongoing theories of what really happened to Atlantis.
下面是亚特兰蒂斯发生过什么的10个猜想
Origins Explained
起源解说
No.10 It’s the Island of Santorini.
10.圣托里尼说
A common view is that Atlantis was actually a part of Santorini,
一种普遍的观点认为 亚特兰蒂斯实际上是圣托里尼岛的一部分
a small island in the East Mediterranean and that was partly-destroyed
圣托里尼岛是地中海东部的一个小岛 其中一部分
by the mighty Volcano of Thera in 1,646 BC.
在公元前1646年被剧烈的火山爆发所摧毁
Yeah,a looong time ago.
是啊 那是很久很久以前了
Geologists have suggested that if you reconstruct the island of Santorini,
地质学家曾表示 如果重建圣托里尼岛
you can see that this complete version,
你就会看到它完整的样子
before it was destroyed by the volcano,
它在被火山爆发摧毁之前
used to be Plato’s mysterious island of legend.
曾是柏拉图眼中神话传说般的岛屿
The volcanic eruption may have been
这次火山爆发可能是
the largest ever witnessed by mankind
人类所见过的最大规模的火山爆发
and the explosion is estimated to have the strenth of 40 atomic bombs
据估计 其强度相当于40颗原子弹爆炸
and would have been 100 times more powerful than the eruption at Pompeii.
威力是庞贝火山爆发的100倍还多
One geologist disputed Plato’s version of events over Atlantis,
一位地质学家对柏拉图关于亚特兰蒂斯事件的说法提出了质疑
claiming that he made a mathematical mistake
他声称柏拉图犯了一个数学错误
which meant his dating was thousands of years off.
因为柏拉图记载的时间与实际相差了几千年
He suggested the real timeline matches with the events that created Santorini.
他还表示 真实的时间轴与创造圣托里尼事件相符
He also thinks it ties in with certain events in the Bible,
他还认为 这与《圣经》中的某些事件有关
so it is easier to place Atlantis in Santorini than anyone else.
所以人们才更容易把亚特兰蒂斯当作圣托里尼的一部分 而非其他地方
A nearby town known as Akrotiri was found accidentally,
在圣托里尼附近 人们意外发现了一个小镇 阿克罗蒂里
buried under centuries of ash and pumice.
这座小镇埋在几百年的火山灰和浮石之下
The town was hidden for over 3,500 years
这个小镇被掩藏了3500多年
and excavations have revealed buildings that were 2 to 3 stories tall.
在挖掘小镇的过程中 人们发现了一些两到三层楼高的建筑
No human remains have been found.
但并没有发现人类的遗体
So it is believed people had enough warning to leave.
这说明人们收到了警告并及时撤离
There are many well-preserved frescoes describing
小镇里有大量保存完好的壁画
the daily life of the people who lived there.
这些壁画描绘了当地居民的日常生活
Whether it was in fact Atlantis that got wiped out
但我们至今仍不清楚
by molten lava remains to be seen…
被熔岩摧毁的到底是不是亚特兰蒂斯……
No.9 The Black Sea
9.黑海说
Some are happy to believe
有些人很乐意相信
that Atlantis was just a made up story of legend.
亚特兰蒂斯只是一个虚构的传说
But others believe it was a real place.
但是其他人认为它是真实存在的
Not only that, but it was actually something else.
不仅如此 他们还认为亚特兰蒂斯在其他地方
The theory of Atlantis being located in the Black Sea region
认为亚特兰蒂斯在黑海的“黑海说”
is a great example of this.
就是一个有力的例子
It all centers on the rise of ocean levels
这一观点关注末期冰河时代后的
following the last Ice Age.
海平面上升
Scientists claimed that when the land joining Europe and Asia separated,
科学家们声称 连接欧亚大陆的陆地分离时
the resulting salt water flow flooded a freshwater lake,
产生的盐水淹没了一个淡水湖
turning it into the Black Sea
即所谓的“诺亚洪水”
in what’s come to be called “Noah’s Flood”.
因此而形成了黑海
The shoreline of this lake was 350 feet
黑海原本的海岸线比现在
lower than the current ocean level.
低了350英尺
Around this time, there was an ancient culture that was already there.
大概在新石器时代或者铜器时代
It was either Neolithic or Chalcolithic
那里的古文明就已经存在了
and it got submerged around 5,500 BC.
然后在公元前5500年左右 这个文明消亡了
It’s believed by some that this culture was
有些人相信 这个文明就是
what Plato was referring to when he wrote about Atlantis.
柏拉图在写亚特兰蒂斯时提及的古老文明
In this theory, Atlantis was started by settlers
在这个理论中 亚特兰蒂斯是由
crossing the Aegean Sea from Turkey.
从土耳其穿越爱琴海的定居者创建的
Experts not only think the “Pillars of Hercules”
专家们认为“海格力斯之柱”
were in fact the local Strait of Bosporus,
实际上是当地的博斯普鲁斯海峡
they don’t even see Atlantis as an island…
他们甚至认为亚特兰蒂斯不是一个岛国
it was an island set in the middle of a whole country!
而是一个位于整个国家中间的小岛!
When it comes to revelations about Atlantis
亚特兰蒂斯给人们提供的信息
there are twists and turns everywhere!
没有一处不被人曲解!
And now for No.8.
在谈第8点之前
But first let’s know what you think happened to Atlantis in the comments below.
请先通过评论告诉我们 你所理解的亚特兰蒂斯
And if you are new here be sure to subscribe
如果你是新观众 一定要订阅我们的节目
so you don’t miss out on the latest videos!
这样你就不会错过最新的视频了!
No. 8 ,Under Antarctica
8.南极说
Atlantis is usually believed to have somewhere warm,
人们通常认为 亚特兰蒂斯是个温暖的地方
possibly around the Mediterranean,
可能位于地中海附近
and you’d probably need your sunscreen,
如果那时发明了防晒霜
if it had been invented yet.
很有可能会派上用场
However an American historian thought
然而 一位美国历史学家则认为
the truth was very different. And colder!
事实并非如此 亚特兰蒂斯反而很冷!
Professor Charles A Hapgood went on record in the 1950s
20世纪50年代 查尔斯·哈普古德教授公开表示
as believing the mythical island was in fact, part of Antarctica.
他认为这个神秘的岛屿实际上是南极洲的一部分
Plato’s utopia supposedly went down as a result of crustal displacement.
柏拉图的理想国衰落的原因可能是地壳位移
Now that sounds like something nasty
这听起来有点讨厌
but it’s actually about the shifting of the Earth’s crust.
但这确实与地壳的移动相关
This happens every 20-30,000 years
地壳每2到3万年运动一次
and is bad news for any dvanced civilizations
对于任何一个恰巧位于那里的先进文明来说
who happen to be sitting in top of it.
这都是一个坏消息
Professor Hapgood was checking out a 500-year old map
哈普古德教授当时正在查看一张500年历史的地图
from Piri Reis, an Ottoman admiral,
这张来自奥斯曼帝国海军上将皮里·雷斯的地图
which showed Antarctica as being a varied landscape
表明南极洲地貌多样
with habitable areas away from the ice.
有远离冰层的宜居地
This apparently was consumed by the cold when the plates shifted.
当地壳移动时 南极洲显然被寒冷所吞噬
Further researchers also believe that
更深层的研究人员认为
even though now Antarctica is pretty much
尽管现在的南极洲
just inhabited by scientists and penguins,
几乎只有科学家和企鹅居住
about 12,000 years ago,people could have lived there.
但在大约12000年前 人类可能在那里生活过
This was just mostly speculation and rumors
这些只是猜测和谣言
but more recently, NASA took photos of Antarctica
但最近 美国宇航局拍摄的南极洲的照片
which seem to reveal traces of a human settlement under the ice.
似乎揭示了冰层下人类定居点的痕迹
Some people also claim that Google Earth images
一些人还声称 在谷歌地球里
also show a pyramid poking out
也能看见一个金字塔
that could have belonged to an earlier civilization.
这可能属于一个更早期的文明
None of these ideas have gotten
这些想法没有一个
a ringing endorsement from the scientific community,
得到科学界的明确认可
and until more research is done,
在更多的研究完成之前
the rest of us will have no idea.
我们这些人也不知道什么是对的
No. 7 Is It Based on Truth?
7.它是真实存在的吗?
Atlantis is often portrayed as being the perfect society,
亚特兰蒂斯常被描绘成一个完美的社会
a peaceful utopia that was very technologically advanced.
一个技术非常先进的和平理想国
However, if you look at where the legend started
然而 如果你看看公元前330年柏拉图的对话录中
in Plato’s dialogues written in 330 BC,
关于亚特兰蒂斯的起源
he describes a place that is just like any other.
你会发现他描述的亚特兰蒂斯 和其他地方没什么区别
According to him, it was a technologically advanced society
根据他的说法 那是一个科技发达的社会
that was wealthy, and had a very powerful military
十分富有 拥有强大的军队
but it was also corrupt.
但也会滋生腐败
He claims that Atlantis battled against the city
柏拉图声称 亚特兰蒂斯
of Athens who came out the hero.
要与英雄化身的雅典城一决雌雄
If this were the case,
如果是这样的话
then other Greek text should also mention Atlantis, right?
那么其他希腊文字也应该提到亚特兰蒂斯 对吧?
Did he make it up?
亚特兰蒂斯是柏拉图编造的吗?
How did Atlantis become so famous?
亚特兰蒂斯是如何变得这么有名的?
We can all probably thank Plato fans
这些大概要归功于柏拉图的粉丝
and also Congressman Ignatius Donnelly
以及国会议员伊格内修斯·唐纳利
who wrote “The Antediluevian World” in 1882,
他在1882年写了《史前世界》
a book that explored the idea of Atlantis
这本书探讨了亚特兰蒂斯的概念
and popularized it for a new audience.
并且把这个概念普及给一群新读者
He claimed the place was real
唐纳利认为亚特兰蒂斯是真实存在的
and that all great cultures can be traced back to it.
而且所有伟大的文明都与之有关
He also added his own facts and stories,
他在书里添加了自己的经历和故事
so it’s not really a great resource.
所以 这并不是一个很好的资源
He even sent a copy to Charles Darwin
他甚至还寄了一份副本给查尔斯·达尔文
who didn’t believe any of it.
而达尔文对此并不相信
Other people who were less skeptical
其他怀疑程度稍低的人认为
believed there must be some truth to the myths
这些神话中一定有一些真相
and now there are even Atlantis experts!
以至于现在甚至出现了亚特兰蒂斯专家!
There are many arguments and evidence that
有很多观点和证据表明
it could be in the Atlantic Ocean, Antarctica, like I just mentioned,
正如我所提到的 亚特兰蒂斯可能在大西洋 南极洲
Bolivia,Turkey, Malta, or even the Caribbean!
玻利维亚 土耳其 马尔他 甚至在加勒比海!
Plato was clear though, it should be past the Pillars of Hercules,
柏拉图说得很清楚 它应该经过海格力斯之柱
which we now know is the strait of Gibraltar.
也就是今天我们说的直布罗陀海峡
However, as you know,
然而 正如你知道的
nothing has been found yet.
目前为止还没有发现任何线索
No.6 It Was Founded By Lemurians.
6.利莫里亚说
An old idea about Atlantis is that
一种古老的观点认为
it’s connected to the lost continent of Lemuria.
亚特兰蒂斯和消失的利莫里亚大陆相连
Lemuria was believed to be located in the Indian or Pacific oceans,
据说 利莫里亚位于印度洋或太平洋
but their continent sunk due to volcanic activity.
但是他们的大陆由于火山活动而沉没
The Lemurians were beings who could travel
利莫里亚人能通过改变他们身体的物质
between dimensions by altering the matter in their bodies.
实现空间中的自由穿梭
Plate tectonic theory and the existence of other continents
澄清一下 地壳构造学说和其他大陆的存在
strongly discount that this ever existed, just to be clear.
都强烈否定了这种利莫里亚曾经存在过的说法
But apparently, when they lost their continent
但显然 利莫里亚人失去了他们的大陆后
some moved to Africa, and used their powers of matter control
一些人就搬到了非洲 并利用他们控制物质的能力
to build the pyramids in Egypt.
在埃及建造了金字塔
Because, why not?
为什么不这么做呢?
Others went on and founded Atlantis which was located in the Atlantic.
另一些利莫里亚人继续前进 并在大西洋建立了亚特兰蒂斯
Atlantis was punished by the gods because
亚特兰蒂斯因技术变得不道德
their technology became unethical.
而遭到了诸神的惩罚
They were messing around with genetic modification and cloning.
他们在研究基因改造和克隆技术
Sound familiar?
听起来很耳熟吧?
Once Atlantis was submerged, the Lemurians and Atlanteans
亚特兰蒂斯一沉没 利莫里亚人和亚特兰蒂斯人
then spread out and began the Toltec and other civilizations
就散向了别处 创建了托尔特克文明
in the Americas and worshipped the sun.
和美洲的其他文明 并崇拜着太阳
It’s said there are Lemurians and Atlanteans in the world today.
据说现在还有利莫里亚人和亚特兰蒂斯人
So watch out for people teleporting and lifting rocks with their minds!
所以要小心那些能用意念传送和搬石头的人!
Again,just to be clear,
再澄清一遍
there is no evidence on the oceanfloor that
海底还没有证据能表明
these continents ever existed.
这些大陆曾经存在过
No.5 Lost In The Bermuda Triangle.
5.百慕大三角说
Plato talks about how Atlantis was swallowed
柏拉图谈到了亚特兰蒂斯
by the sea in a single day.
是如何在一天之内被大海吞没的
Even so,you’d think that over the centuries
即便是那样 你可能会想 几个世纪以来
someone would have stumbled on something concrete
应该会有人碰巧发现了一些
to prove the island existed,right?
能证明这座岛存在的证据 对吗?
Well,this kind of happened in the late 1960s.
是的 在20世纪60年代末有了一些发现
A professional diver and physician named Ray Brown
一位名叫Ray Brown的职业潜水员兼医生
was diving in the Bermuda Triangle of Miami looking for treasure,
在迈阿密的百慕大三角潜水寻找宝藏
and he claimed that he had discovered an underwater city.
他声称发现了一座水下城市
He said the buildings looked very advanced
他说这些建筑看起来很先进
and he found the tip of a pyramid.
他还发现了一个金字塔的塔尖
As you know the Bermuda Triangle is known
众所周知 百慕大三角以
for strange disappearances and mysterious cases of technology malfunctioning.
离奇的失踪事件和神秘的技术故障而闻名
French explorers later went to the same area
后来 法国探险家们也踏进了同一片海域
and also reported finding an enormous crystal pyramid in the sea bed.
并报告称在海底发现了一个巨大的水晶金字塔
The sonar readings said the pyramid
声纳读数显示 这个金字塔
was larger than the largest found in Egypt,
比埃及发现的最大的金字塔还要大
with two holes at the top that sometimes open
它顶部有两个孔 有时会打开
and suck in water,creating a vortex.
并吸入水 形成漩涡
This vortex would be responsible for the dangerous conditions in the sea,
这个漩涡会产生巨浪和浓雾
creating rogue waves and thick mist.
造成海上的危险情况
Why would the Atlanteans build a water-sucking pyramid?
为什么亚特兰蒂斯人要建造一个吸水的金字塔?
I’ll leave it to you guys to work that one out!
这个问题就留给你们去解决啦!
No.4,it’s in the Bahamas
4.巴哈马说
If you’re in the United States
如果你在美国
then Atlantis may be closer than you think.
那么亚特兰蒂斯可能离你超乎想象地近
To be more precise,it could be 50 miles east of Miami!
更精确地说 它就在迈阿密以东50英里处!
There lies the island of Bimini,
那里有比米尼群岛
part of a chain of islands in the Bahamas.
它是巴哈马群岛的一部分
Just 20 feet under the water
就在水下20英尺的地方
there are some mysterious stones
有一些神秘的石头
which could show the existence of Plato’s fabled kingdom.
可以证明柏拉图传说中王国的存在
These limestone blocks run for half a mile along the bottom
这些石灰岩块在湖底延伸了半英里
and are up to 13 ft in diameter.
直径达13英尺
They form a path-like structure leading them to be called
它们形成了一个类似道路的结构
the “Bimini Road” or “Bimini Wall”.
它们被称作“比米尼之路”或“比米尼大墙”
It was discovered in the late 1960s and
人们在20世纪60年代末发现了它
is believed by some to be proof Atlantis was a real place.
一些人认为这是亚特兰蒂斯真实存在的证据
They think the road leads to Atlantis.
他们认为这是一条通往亚特兰蒂斯的路
Geological experts argue it’s just a natural phenomenon
地质学家们则认为 这只是种自然现象
and the limestone blocks are naturally shaped by tidal forces.
石灰岩块是由潮汐力自然形成的
What can’t be denied is Bimini’s spooky link to Edgar Cayce,
不可否认的是 比米尼和一位美国神秘主义者
and an American mysticist.
埃德加·凯西之间存在着诡异的联系
In 1938 he declared the temples of Atlantis would be found
1938年他曾预言 亚特兰蒂斯的寺院
in either 1968 or 1969.
将在1968年或1969年被发现
The Bimini Road was first reported in 1968.
而1968年首次报导了这条“比米尼之路”
You’ve gotta admit that’s a pretty good call on
无论这是不是亚特兰蒂斯的遗址
casey’s part,whether it’s Atlantis or not!
你都不得不承认 凯西是个神算子
No.3 Founded By Aliens.
3.外星人说
You know I couldn’t leave this theory out,
很多人都相信外星人的存在
since so many people out there actually believe this stuff,
所以我不能把这个可能性排除在外
no thanks to Ancient Aliens on the History Channel.
还要多亏了历史频道的《远古外星人》
Supposedly aliens landed on our planet in its infancy
据说外星人在地球的婴儿时期着陆
and helped in the development of our ancient cultures,
帮助人类古老文明的发展
one of which was Atlantis.
其中之一就是亚特兰蒂斯文明
Some hypnotherapists believe they have spoken to people
一些催眠治疗家相信 他们通过对前世的回忆
about living on Atlantis through past life regression.
向人们讲述了亚特兰蒂斯的生活
Hypnotize someone and chances are
对某人实施催眠
they’ll have a past life in a magical kingdom.
很有可能他会在一个神奇的国度里度过前世
These accounts describe the use of crystals as a power source in ancient Atlantis.
这些记录描述了作为亚特兰蒂斯能源的水晶的使用
Dr. Brown,who I mentioned earlier, remember him?
还记得我前面提到过的布朗医生吗?
he claimed that in the lost city that he found
他声称 在他发现的沉没之城里
there were 2 metal hands holding a crystal ball,
有两个金属托托着一个水晶球
which he took for himself.
这个水晶球被他私吞了
If you google it,you can see him talking about it
如果你谷歌一下 就能在历史频道的
in an old documentary on the History Channel.
一部老纪录片里看到他在讲述这件事
The general idea was that
一般的观点是
aliens were preparing us to be
外星人那时正为让我们成为
part of an advanced “galactic community”
先进的“银河社区”的一部分而做准备
and we need crystals to participate!
而我们要拥有水晶才能成为一份子
Guess we’re not advanced enough yet
我想我们还不够先进
as I think the little green men have yet to reach out!
因为小绿人还没有伸出援手
No.2 It’s In Morocco.
2.摩洛哥说
A German computer genius named Michael Hübner
2008年 德国一位计算机天才Michael Hübner
came up with a unique approach to finding Atlantis in 2008
在雅典的亚特兰蒂斯会议上发表演讲时
when he gave a presentation at the Atlantis Conference in Athens.
提出了一种寻找亚特兰蒂斯的独特方法
Most others had taken an archaeological approach
大多数人采取了考古学的方法
or used mysticism to locate Plato’s fantasy island.
或使用神秘学来定位柏拉图的幻想岛
Hübner on the other hand wanted to try a mathematical way of doing things.
Hübner则另辟蹊径 尝试用数学方法解决问题
He used a system called “Hierarchical Constraint Satisfaction.”
他使用了一个名为“分级约束满足”的系统
What is that? I’m not an expert
这个系统是什么?我也不清楚
but it’s probably best to describe it
我们可能最好把它描述成
as a very detailed method of tracing Atlantis
一种非常详细的方法 利用柏拉图文献中的所有信息
using all of the information from Plato’s texts.
来追踪亚特兰蒂斯
These details were then matched
这些细节尽可能
as closely as possible to real places which produced some surprising results.
和有重大发现的真实地区进行匹配
Like many others, Hübner believed Atlantis was in the Atlantic region
和很多人一样 哈布纳认为亚特兰蒂斯位于大西洋
but he theorized was in Morocco,
但他认为亚特兰蒂斯在摩洛哥
just south of Casablanca in North Africa.
也就是北非卡萨布兰卡的南边
He worked out this location
他通过寻找
by finding concentric circles of stone
红黑条纹石头的同心圆区域
marked with red and black stripes.
来确定亚特兰蒂斯的位置
Sure enough these are described by Plato in his Dialogues.
柏拉图在他的《对话录》中确实描述过这些
Hübner sadly died in 2013,
Hübner不幸于2013年去世
but his theory was brought to a wider audience
但作家马克•亚当斯在2015年发行了
by writer Mark Adams who released the book
《在亚特兰蒂斯相遇》一书
“Meet Me In Atlantis” in 2015.
使得哈布纳的理论被更多读者知道
The Moroccan argument is a compelling one!
有关摩洛哥说的论点很有说服力!
No.1 Plato Made It Up.
1.柏拉图编造说
I’m sad to say that the most realistic theory is
很遗憾地告诉你 最现实的理论就是
that Atlantis was made up by Plato.
亚特兰蒂斯是柏拉图编造的
The Athenian philosopher who first told the world about it.
首次向世界表达这个观点的是一个雅典哲学家
Plato lived between 424-328 BC.
柏拉图生于公元前424年 死于生公元前328年
The legendary island with an advanced civilization
大约在公元前330年 柏拉图在《对话录》的
was described his Dialogues titled “Timaeus”
蒂迈欧篇和柯里西亚斯篇中描述了
and “Critias” which were written around 330 BC.
这个有着先进文明的传奇岛屿
It was watched over by the god Poseidon
海神波塞冬守护着这座岛
and named after Poseidon’s son Atlas,
并以儿子阿特拉斯的名字来命名它
who became its king.
后来阿特拉斯成为了那里的国王
If you believe the gods existed,fine.
如果你相信神的存在 这就说得通
If you don’t then this won’t make sense.
如果你不相信 这个说法就毫无道理
Plato said Atlantis was located in the Atlantic Ocean
柏拉图说亚特兰蒂斯位于大西洋
past what’s thought to be the Strait of Gibraltar.
经过直布罗陀海峡
That’s possible but when you look at the society of Atlantis
这是有可能的 但你再看柏拉图对其社会的描述
it really looks like Plato invented it.
就会觉得他很像在编故事
Plato had a lot of thoughts about what makes a perfect society
柏拉图有很多关于如何构建一个完美社会的想法
and it just so happens Atlantis reflected these ideas.
而亚特兰蒂斯恰好满足他的这些想法
It also got too arrogant, conquering the globe and then was
但亚特兰蒂斯变得过于傲慢 征服了全球
sunk by the gods in a day
然后众神为了惩罚其堕落
as punishment for losing its morality.
在一天之内沉没了亚特兰蒂斯
It’s believed Plato created the story of Atlantis
据说柏拉图编造这个故事只是为了
just to prove a point and warn the Greeks about their behaviour.
证明一个观点 并警告希腊人注意其行为
He has sent many on a wild goose
他让许多人
chase over the centuries and people have lost fortunes
不惜财富和性命
and their lives looking for Atlantis.
徒劳地寻找了亚特兰蒂斯几个世纪
He’s not here to defend himself
虽然这些不是为他做辩护
but he was definitely a good storyteller!
但他绝对是一个讲故事的好手!
Thanks for watching!
感谢观看!
Do you think Atlantis really exists?
你认为亚特兰蒂斯真的存在吗?
Do you have any idea where it is?
你知道它在哪里吗?
Let us know in the comments!
在评论里告诉我们吧!
Be you sure to subscribe and I’ll see you next time!
一定要订阅哦 我们下次再见啦!
Bye!
再见!

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视频概述

本视频介绍了有关柏拉图笔下的神秘之城亚特兰蒂斯的十个“真相”,一起来探秘吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

阿丁

审核员

审核员1024

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_iih05QEvoM

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