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法国国旗的由来

What Does the French Flag Mean?

这个就是法国国旗
So this right here is the Flag of France.
如果有一个国旗比赛 比哪个国旗给其他国旗
If there was a flag contest for the number of other flags
灵感或者直接被剽窃的最多的
inspired or just ripped off of it,
这个绝对是第一名
then this thing would be in definite first place.
直接来看看这些其他国旗的尝试
Just look at all these other attempts.
一些看起来很酷但是其他看起来就像是
Some are cool, and others just kind of look
山寨版mountain lightning的商标
like knockoff brand versions of mountain lightning.
你甚至完全不能区分出它们与
You can’t even tell the difference between half
其它国旗的不同
of these other flags.
但是法国国旗 你能认出因为它是最原始的那一版
But France, you recognize because it’s the original–
也许还因为这个已经遍布你Facebook的消息
and because maybe it’s been all over your Facebook feed
在最近几个月里
in the last few months.
所以这是怎么来的 为什么
So where did it come from, and why
当我们看见这个时我们能瞬间想起法国
do we instantly think of France when we see it,
而我们看到这个时却不会立刻想到乍得
and we don’t instantly think of Chad when we see this
或是看见这个想到罗马尼亚
or Romania when we see this.
蓝色 白色 红色
Blue, white, and red are colors that
通常是与共和民主相联系的颜色
are generally associated with republicanism or democracy.
法国国旗不是第一个这样用它们的国旗
The French flag wasn’t the first that used them
当然美国国旗也不是
and neither was the United States.
严格来说 早在1572年前荷兰
Technically, the Dutch used this similar-ish flag
就开始用类似的国旗来表示对
starting in 1572 early on into a rebellion
西班牙殖民统治的反抗
against their Spanish overlords.
法国国旗看起来就像是这个翻转过来
The French flag looks like this when it’s flipped on its side.
但是法国不是制造一个廉价的仿制品的国家
But France isn’t one for cheap knock offs,
而且还有另外一个原因
and there’s another reason to be had other
除了剽窃荷兰
than ripping off the Dutch.
当法国在1789年爆发革命
When France exploded into revolution in 1789,
人们不能接受革命者和他们的压迫者
the revolutionaries couldn’t be seen using the same flag
使用相同的旗子
as their royal oppressors.
反抗或者说革命的首要规定就是
The number one rule of rebellions, or revolutions,
不要用和你敌人相似的旗子
is to not use a flag that looks similar to your enemies.
看看你美利坚合众国
Looking right at you, Confederate States of America.
所以考虑到那个 法国革命前的旗子
So with that in mind, the flag of pre-revolutionary France
长这样
looked like this.
你所看到的白色
The color of white that you see was very closely
和法国君主制的密切联系
linked with the monarchy in France,
可以追溯到圣女贞德
dating back to Joan of Arc.
这位被称为青年自由斗士的少女
This teenage freedom fighter, nicknamed the maid,
她冲入和英国的斗争
charged into battle against the English
带着边上有耶稣图像装饰的白旗
with a white flag and a picture of Jesus blazoned on its side.
大概是因为所有人都爱贞德
Because everybody loves Joan of Arc as probably,
就算是最糟糕的青春期蠢女孩
probably the most bad ass teenage girl
从此以后 这白色就开始
of all time, the color of white began getting
在法国广泛应用了
used a lot more in France.
法国新教徒也非常喜欢白色并且经常使用它
French Protestants also really like white and used the color
来代表他们自己
to represent themselves a lot.
然后这个男人 亨利二世 成为了国王
And then this guy, Henry IV, became the king.
他原本是个新教徒但是改变信仰成为天主教徒
He was a Protestant but converted to Catholicism
而且觉得白色真的是一个非常棒的颜色
and thought that white was a really good color
来团结国内两教教徒
to unite the two faiths inside the country.
还有我的天啊 法国真的很喜欢用白色
And holy hell, did the French really dig white.
看看这些革命前法国士兵的画像
Look at paintings of the French army before the revolution,
你可以发现到处都是白色
and you see white everywhere.
士兵们甚至穿白色的军装
The soldiers are even wore white uniforms.
想象一下保持干净整洁
Imagine how hard that must have been
是一件多么困难的事情
to keep clean marching around.
但是没门 抱歉伙计他们依旧穿着白色军装
But nope, sorry pal, still got to wear white,
就算外面是雨天而且泥泞因为这感觉棒极了
even when it’s raining and muddy outside, because it’s awesome.
这是在白色被使用前
There’s a bunch of flags that were
法国使用的一大堆国旗
used in France before the white takeover,
想是这个 这个 还有这个
like this one, and this one, and this one.
但是当1589年波旁王朝在
But when the Bourbon family took power in 1589,
前瓦卢瓦王朝后取得政权时
after the previous Valois family,
他们将与法国国旗相关有历史意义的蓝色
they whitewashed the historic blue color
全部刷白 变成他们的白色
associated with French flags and turned them into their white.
很不幸的是波旁皇族
Very unfortunately for the Bourbon family,
即使直到1789年革命开始的时候
however, they were still the kings of France in 1789
他们依旧是法国的统治者
when the revolution began.
革命者们最先寻找到的他们标志物的灵感
The revolutionaries initially sought inspiration
来自巴黎的旗子 蓝色条纹
for their symbols from the flag of Paris, a stripe of blue
和红色条纹
and a stripe of red.
但是他们不可能就完全剽窃那个创意
But they couldn’t just completely steal that idea
然后让巴黎的旗子变成
and make the flag of Paris the flag
全法国的国旗所以这个设计就变成
of all of France, so the idea was
让具有历史意义的代表法国君主制的白色
born to place the historic white color, symbol of the monarchy,
被巴黎旗子的两边给压在最中间
into the middle being crushed by the two sides of Paris.
这个标志将君主的颜色
This symbol placed the color of monarchy
放置于人民的颜色之下
into submission under the people.
但是这熟悉的版本并不是是法国国旗
But this familiar version wasn’t the first edition
的最初版本 这个才是
of the French flag, this was.
从1790年到1794年
It stayed that way for four years,
一直停留在这个版本有四年直到有追求时尚的人
from 1790 until 1794, when this fashionista
出现了把蓝色和白色位置调换一下的想法
had the idea of switching the blue and white colors.
而且 他画了很多这种样式的画
He painted all of this stuff, though,
也许当时他已经意识到某些东西了
so maybe he was on to something.
不管怎样 自1794年起这面旗帜成为了
Anyway, from 1794 on, this flag was the official flag
法兰西共和国官方旗帜并且拿破仑非常喜欢它
of the French Republic, and Napoleon liked it just as much,
因此在他上任后继续使用这面旗
so he kept it around after he took over.
拿破仑正好在征服欧洲
Napoleon just marauding around Europe,
把这旗帜的设计传播到他所征服的地区
spreading the flag’s design into the places he conquered,
比如这里 这里 这里这里 这里 这里 这里
like here, here, here, here, here, here, here,
这里 还有这里
here, and here.
然而 事实上 人们并不喜欢拿破仑的征服
People didn’t really like Napoleon’s marauding, though,
以及他所传播的三色旗设计
or his spread of three color flag designs,
因而处于这个世界的人们
so everybody relevant in the world
联合起来反对他并且在1814年把他
basically ganged up on him and kicked him out of France
逐出法国
in 1814.
人们那样做后他们认为
After they did that, they thought
在经历26年混乱的改革后
that the best idea possible for France,
对于法国最好的可接受的办法
after 26 years of chaotic revolution,
是迎回这些人 波旁王室
was to bring back these guys, the Bourbons.
伴随他们归来的还有我们都知道并喜爱的
And with them came back the old white flag
古老的白色旗帜
that we all know and love.
除了法国人不喜欢它外
Except people in France didn’t like that.
拿破仑也不喜欢
And Napoleon really didn’t like that.
因此他重回政坛
So he escaped from his time out chair,
激怒了法国人民又一次成为皇帝
riled up the French people, and became the emperor again.
在仅仅重当了几个月的国王后
The Bourbons ran away with their flag
波旁王室和他们的旗帜一起逃跑了
after just a few months being kings again.
三色旗再次成为法国国旗
The tricolor became the national flag again,
法国人很高兴
and the French were happy.
但是大家又一次联合起来反对拿破仑
But everybody ganged up on Napoleon again, and beat him
很快就击败了他这次把他发配到
down pretty quickly, this time sending him
一个遥远的岛屿在一个不名之地的中部
to a really far away island in the middle of nowhere,
就是这里
right here.
考虑到他们不再受拿破仑恶作剧的影响
Thinking that they were safe from that shenanigans the word
波旁王室在1815年又回到了法国 是的 又一次
Bourbons came back to France again in 1815 and, once again,
强迫法国人接受白旗
forced the white flag on the people of France.
这是波旁王朝复辟后的旗帜
This was a Bourbon restoration flag.
是的 这是一面简单质朴的白旗
Yep, it’s a plain and simple white flag.
1830年前的15年里法国逐渐
For 15 years until 1830, France was literally
因为他的纯白色方旗
known around the world as that country whose flag
而闻名于世界
is a plain white rectangle.
但是这个愚蠢的行为在1830年的七月革命改变了
But that nonsense changed after the July revolution
最务实可靠的人
in 1830, when the most down-to-earth sounding guy,
路易·菲利普the citizen king
Louis-Philippe, the citizen king,
掌权并恢复使用三色旗
took power and restored the tricolor.
自从1830年的那个日子
Ever since that date in 1830, the tricolor
三色旗已经被保留为法国国旗 尽管它不总是
has remained the flag of France, although it wasn’t always
确切来说
so certain.
1848年 社会主义革命者
In 1848, socialist revolutionaries
要求把国旗改为纯红底色
demanded that the flag be changed to a plain red flag,
但是失败了 因为这个糟糕愚蠢的法国人告诉他们
but that failed when this bad ass Frenchman said to them,
三色旗以共和国的自由
the tricolor has toured the world with a republic
与帝国的荣耀游历世界
and the empire with your freedoms and your glory,
在战神广场周围的红旗
and the red flag was that around the Champ de Mars
已融入人们的血液中
dragged in the people’s blood.
之后 在最后一个波拿巴皇帝
And then, after the last Bonaparte Emperor, Napoleon
拿破仑三世 在1879年被推翻大多数君主立宪派
III, was overthrown in 1870, a royalist majority
被选入新成立的法兰西第三共和国
was elected to the National Assembly of the newly found
的国家议会
French third republic.
议会将王位授予这个
The assembly offered the throne to this dude,
叫做亨利 博尔伯爵的男人
named Henri, Comte de Chambord.
他是一个合法宣布即位的觊觎高位者
He was a pretender, with a legitimate claim to the throne,
事实上他本可以到达他想去的位置
and he really could have been he wanted to.
但是他非常坚持
But he absolutely insisted that he would only
如果要他接受王位
accept the throne if the tricolor was
就要再次把三色旗换成波旁时代的白色国旗
replaced with a Bourbon white flag again.
可以想象那是很荒唐的
Considering that to be pretty ridiculous,
不但因为法国已经在过去的80年里改朝换代六次
since France had already changed lives six times in the last 80
还因为人们明显更喜欢三色旗
years, and because the people clearly love the tricolor more,
因而议会让他滚蛋
the assembly told him to get lost.
因为亨利对这很固执不肯在这一问题上让步
Since Henry was adamant about it and wouldn’t dropped the issue,
所以他没能成为国王三色旗也因而
he never got to be king, and the tricolor
自此完整得保留下来
has remained intact ever since.
感谢您的收看不要忘了点赞
Thanks for watching and don’t forget to subscribe or like
如果你还没行动的话
if you have not already done.
这里是Real Life Lore
This was Real Life Lore.

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译制信息
视频概述

法国是一个历经多次政权更替的国家,这一过程同时也伴随着该国国旗的变更,那法国国旗到底是如何演变为如今的样子呢?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

素履以往

审核员

审核团H

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PdFt7TOWq0w

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